There are many types of medical emergencies that could occur. Generally, follow the steps below during any medical emergency:
- Call 911.
- Ensure that the area is safe (look up, down and around).
- Check to see if the injured person is breathing, has any pain and knows who they are/where they are located.
- Don't move the person if they are injured.
- Comfort the injured person until EMS arrives.
When speaking to the 911 dispatcher, follow directions and be prepared to answer questions about:
- Your LOCATION, including the best entrance to get to you.
- The TYPE of medical emergency.
- Your NAME and PHONE number.
Sudden Cardiac Arrest
- Check to see if the person is awake (tap them and talk to them).
- If no response, check for a pulse and breathing for 8-10 seconds.
- If no pulse or breathing, SEND someone to get the
closest AED, CALL 911 and START hands-only CPR (compressions) by pressing hard and fast on their bare chest.
- Continue compressions until the AED arrives and follow instructions from the AED.
- Continue CPR until medical professionals arrive.
- If someone has fallen and is injured, ASK them what hurts and if safe to so, have them stay where they are and then CALL 911.
- Stay with the person until medical professionals arrive.
- If someone is bleeding, attempt to
STOP THE BLEEDING.
- Apply PRESSURE over the wound.
- ELEVATE the area with the wound.
- Consider using a TOURNIQUET to slow the bleeding.
- CONTINUE to do so until the bleeding stops or medical professionals arrive.