Central Michigan University
Central Michigan Normal School opened its doors on September 13, 1892, with 38 students attending classes in a rented building at the corner of South Main and East Michigan Streets in downtown Mount Pleasant. The location housed a number of tenants after Central's main campus began to take shape. The building burned down in 2001.
Construction of Central's first building on the location of the current campus began two months after the first classes met. The cornerstone for Old Main, as it came to be called, was laid on November 15, 1892. The building was remodeled in 1899 and 1901, with east and west wings costing a total of $61,000 added to the original structure. A document placed in the cornerstone read:
Office of Central Michigan Normal School and Business Institute Mt. Pleasant, Mich. November 15, 1892 The Central Michigan Normal School and Business Institute opened September 13, 1892. Actual attendance on day of opening was thirty-eight of whom four were in the stenography course, ten in the Commercial course and twenty-two in the Normal courses. The actual attendance November 15, 1892 is eighty-nine in all departments.
The school grew quickly, and by 1918 it had become a four-year public college with 450 students attending classes on a campus that consisted of 25 acres and five buildings. On December 7, 1925, a fire of unknown origin destroyed Old Main, along with its 30,000 volume library. Anna Barnard, head of the foreign language department, wrote of the fire:
I shall never forget the all-gone feeling I had inside me standing two or three hundred feet from the fiercely blazing structure, I all at once realized that I was looking straight through and seeing the woods beyond.
Surprisingly, the college managed to continue functioning despite the loss of its largest building. The library was relocated to the basement of the dormitory, and over the winter holiday temporary buildings were constructed on Warriner Mall to house classes. Soon after the fire, special funds were made available by the state to the school and work was begun on a new "administration" building. Historic Warriner Hall was built on the site of the Old Main and dedicated on June 17, 1928.
Central's name has changed four times as the school has grown:
- 1927 -- Central State Teachers' College
- 1941 -- Central Michigan College of Education
- 1955 -- Central Michigan College
- 1959 -- Central Michigan University
Today, CMU is a nationally distinguished university. In addition to the main campus in Mount Pleasant, Central boasts a network of more than 60 extended learning centers, including seven in the Detroit Metro area and many others located across Michigan and the rest of North America.
The University offers more than 170 programs and annually confers thousands of Bachelor's, Master's, Specialist's, and Doctoral degrees.
The Central Normal Band was formed in the spring of 1918, a year after the United States entered World War I, when the US War Department established the Students' Army Training Corps. The band served a number of patriotic and military functions but after the war interest waned. In Fall 1923, Music Department Head J. Harold Powers enlisted sixteen men and boys, funded the purchase of uniforms, and took on the duties of director. Registrar and Dean of Men Charles C. Barnes lent support for the new group by donning a uniform himself and acting as honorary Drum Major.
The band was immediately embraced by the campus community in response to its enthusiastic support of the football team. According to the Chippewa Yearbook from that year,
The band helped immensely to add color to the games and to keep the spirit of the spectators, as well as the team, at a maximum. Let us hope that the band will continue to give added zest to the social and athletic endeavors of Central and that the bands of later years will continue to maintain the high standards set by the present organization of splendid musicians.
In 1926, Prof. Powers and new band director William Seddon bolstered participation by permitting women to be eligible for membership. New uniforms and equipment were purchased and the band's enrollment grew to twenty-six. The position of director was filled by several talented men over the next few years, including Cleon Richtmeyer in 1927 and Clarence L. Kelley in 1928. From fall 1929 through Spring 1931 Newell H. Long directed both the band and the orchestra. Often, Central directors would also work as directors of the Mount Pleasant High School Band.
In the fall of 1931, Preston Mayhew arrived on campus and established the 40-piece Central Marching Band as a separate, all male group. Both men and women continued to enroll in the Concert Band. In 1934-35 Mayhew reorganized the band as a student club, "in order to foster better cooperation" among its members. By 1935 women had begun to play a role in the Marching Band once again. Marion Town (Class of '38) led the band for three years, first as "Exhibition Twirler (1935)," then as "Exhibition Drum Major (1936)," and was finally given equal billing with Burton Swope as Drum Major in Fall 1937.
By the end of the 1930's, the Band Club had become a leadership group comprised of band lettermen. Women were admitted to the Club in 1940, though no provision was made for them to letter for several years. The year Central adopted the Chippewa name, the Marching Band was once again led by a woman student. Evie Schmidt served as "Majorette" for the 1941 and 1942 seasons with no male counterpart in the role of Drum Major. It can therefore be said that the first student leader - Drum Major, if you will - of the Chippewa Marching Band was a woman. In Fall 1942 women were once again admitted to membership in the ranks of the CMB and were receiving varsity letters by the end of the 1943 season. With one exception, the band remained "co-ed" for the next twenty years (for reasons unclear today, the band was entirely comprised of men in Fall 1950).
The 1941 Chippewa Yearbook hailed Norman C. Dietz and Margaret Bush as model students. In addition to their exemplary work as band members, "Norm and Peg" led the campus community - Norm as student body president and Peg as President of the Women's League - with an unparalleled devotion to service. After graduation, marriage to Peg, and service as an Army bandsman during the Second World War, Mr. Dietz returned as Director of Bands at Central in Fall 1946. Under his leadership, Central 's band program would flourish and attain national recognition for excellence and innovation.
In 1948 Mr. Dietz successfully petitioned to be granted a leave of absence in order to pursue graduate studies that would lead to tenure and professorship on the faculty. For the 1948-49 school year Rex Hewlett replaced Mr. Dietz as director of the Central and Mt. Pleasant High School bands. The two positions were permanently separated upon Mr. Dietz' return to Central in Fall 1949 and Mr. Hewlett continued as director at Mt. Pleasant HS. The look and sound of the band became well-known, drawing invitations to perform televised for the Chicago Cardinals and Bears.
When Central Michigan University was named in 1959, the CMU Bands began to grow significantly. Drs. William Rivard and Edgar Ross had been recruited by Mr. Dietz to expand Central's instrumental music faculty and to provide for the growth of the Music Department. Dr. Ross took on instruction of woodwind students. Dr. Rivard served as brass specialist and Assistant Director of Bands. In Fall 1959 the Chippewa Marching Band grew to over one hundred members for the first time. That same year, Mr. Dietz established the Symphonic Wind Ensemble after the example of his long time friend and colleague Frederick Fennell, founder of the wind ensemble concept at the Eastman School of Music. Dr. Rivard took over as conductor of the Concert Band. As the program grew to the point when applied teachers were needed for all instruments, Dr. Rivard became Professor of Trombone and Dr. Ross became Professor of Clarinet.
In 1962, Mr. Dietz made the decision to once again restrict membership in the Chippewa Marching Band to men only. The move sparked some minor controversy on campus but was generally accepted. Euphonium player Mary Kinsman joined the band in 1973 and women have since become integral to the CMB's growth and leadership. Mr. Dietz continued as Director of Bands until his retirement in 1979.
Beginning in 1956 the CMB was led on the field by the only student to serve four years and the entirety of his undergraduate career as drum major - Jack Saunders. Both Mr. Dietz and Mrs. Rozi Saunders report that among the initial reasons for Jack's appointment to the position as a freshman was that he fit the uniform. Nevertheless, Jack quickly distinguished himself as a leader on and off the field. After graduation in 1960 and immediate success in the public schools, Jack returned to CMU as a graduate student and, in 1965, assumed the position as assistant to Mr. Dietz.
Together, professors Saunders and Dietz expanded the size, quality, and influence of the CMU Bands. Nationally televised appearances at CMU games, bowl appearances, and invited performances for the Detroit Lions drew praise from alumni, fans, and seasoned network sportscasters alike. Jack's familiarity with traditional styles and his appreciation for the creative excellence of the drum and bugle corps movement combined to produce a singular approach that moved the CMB to the cutting edge of "corps style" design and technique, making it one of the first American college bands - and the first in Michigan - to do so. In addition to his work with the CMB, Prof. Saunders taught horn, played in both the faculty woodwind and brass quintets, and developed the CMU Jazz program. Under his direction, the Concert Band split into two groups, the Maroon and Gold bands. Jack's reputation as a musician, designer, and innovator grew quickly. By the 1970's Jack was in great demand as a clinician and adjudicator for bands across the United States. In 1978, Mr. Dietz named Jack director of the CMB. In 1981 the band fielded more than 200 members for the first time. By the time Jack retired in 2000, three full time faculty had to be hired to take on all his duties. When Jack passed away suddenly in 2005, the Chippewa Marching Band followed him one last time through the streets of Mount Pleasant to his final rest.
Since 1979, John E. Williamson has been CMU's Director of Bands. He was previously conductor at Wheeling High School in Illinois, where his wind ensemble gained national recognition due to its unique programming and performances across the United States. The Sousa Foundation recently honored the Wheeling program, as one of the nation's finest with Mr. Williamson receiving the coveted Sudler Award. Working together with Prof. Saunders, Mr. Williamson continued to develop and refine the sound of the Chippewa Marching Band.
Under Prof. Williamson's direction, the Symphonic Wind Ensemble has performed for the Midwestern Conference on Music Education, the Midwest Clinic in Chicago, regional and national conferences of the Music Educators National Conference (MENC) and the College Band Directors National Association (CBDNA), and in historic Carnegie Hall, New York. He is active as an adjudicator, clinician and guest conductor nationally with additional appearances in Canada, Mexico, Europe and Australia. Professor Williamson is a member of the prestigious American Bandmasters Association, National Band Association, Kappa Kappa Psi, and Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia. He has held offices in CBDNA and is head of the commissioning project for the Mid-American Conference Band Directors Association. In addition to being listed in the International Who's Who in Music, he has received the NBA Citation of Excellence, and was the first Illinois director to receive the MAC Award from First Chair of America. He has been with presented CMU's Excellence in Teaching Award and the Orpheus Award from Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia. Prof. Williamson has been a new music reviewer for The Instrumentalist, BD Guide and Band magazines and is co-author of "Strategies for Teaching High School Band" published by MENC. His book, Rehearsing the Band, is now in its third printing in response to national and international demand and has recently been translated into Japanese.
In 2000, yet another CMB alumnus returned to lead the band. James Batcheller, Drum Major from 1981 to 1983, brings a broad range of experience to his job as the ninth director of the CMU Marching Band. Dr. Batcheller holds advanced degrees in conducting from the Florida State University and the University of Oklahoma. His Great Falls High School Bands in the state of Montana earned praise from clinicians, adjudicators, guest conductors and composers, including Eric Stokes, Eric Ewazen, Daniel Bukvich, David Holsinger, Eugene Corporon, and William Wakefield. As a visiting faculty member at the University of Oklahoma, Prof. Batcheller served as coordinator of Instrumental Music Education and conductor of the Wind Symphony and Symphony Band. An advocate for new art music for wind band, he conducted the premier of Charles Rochester Young's Tempered Steel, which was the inaugural commission of the Big 12 Band Directors Association, and Glory by CMU's own Rob Ash. Dr. Batcheller was among the commissioners and premier conductors of Frank Ticheli's Symphony No. 2. He has given presentations and conducted performances at the Southwest, North Central, and National meetings of the College Band Directors National Association and has published articles in the Journal of Band Research and the Instrumentalist magazine, and is a contributing researcher for the Teaching Music Through Performance In Band series of reference books. New orchestrations by Dr. Batcheller have been performed by stars of opera and the Broadway stage including Darius de Haas, Sarah Uriarte Berry, and CMU's own Teri Hansen, and by ensembles including the Colorado Symphony Orchestra. Dr. Batcheller is active as a clinician, adjudicator, and guest conductor across the United States. His extensive background in marching band and drum and bugle corps includes experience as Director of Drum Corps International Championship finalists SPIRIT from Jacksonville, Alabama and as a staff member and show designer for the famed Pride of Oklahoma marching band.
As Associate Director of Bands and Associate Professor of Music, Batcheller conducts the Wind Symphony, teaches courses in Conducting and Instrumental Music Education and supervises student field experiences in the public schools. As Director of the Chippewa Marching Band, he has furthered the efforts and expanded the traditions of innovation and excellence established by his predecessors. Working with coaches and officials in the Department of Athletics, Batcheller has expanded the already strong relationship between the band and football team. Each summer at the start of two-a-day practices, Batcheller speaks to the team and assists the upperclassmen in teaching new football recruits the CMU Fight Song. Each fall the band, team, coaches and staff members meet in closed session to fire up for the start of the new season. Special musical arrangements, creative show design, and powerful performances continue to inspire enthusiastic responses from audiences at home and off campus. The band continues to receive high praise for performances at special events, including the Michigan regional contest of Bands of America and nationally televised performances on CBS, ABC, and ESPN. In 2003 the band's membership exceeded 250 for the first time.
As the band enters its 89th season in 2011, students and alumni can look forward to continued advancements and innovation as have been our tradition throughout our history, with appreciation for those who paved the way, and for the benefit of those who will follow.