There are two possible roles that you could serve as a student researcher: (1) lead researcher on your own project or (2) research assistant.
Lead Researcher: If you’re wanting to conduct your own research project under the supervision of a faculty member, you would collaborate with your supervisor to design the study and submit any proposals necessary to conduct the study (e.g., IRB proposal or Honors proposal). You would likely take the lead in data collection and data entry. To analyze data, you would likely collaborate with your faculty supervisor. You would be responsible for taking the lead in writing up your results, with your supervisor reviewing your work and making suggestions for revisions. If you choose to submit your research for presentation or publication, you would also collaborate with your supervisor in preparing those documents. Many students present their research on campus (e.g., SRCEE, Honors Exhibition, CHP Research Symposium) or at a state/national conference (e.g., MSHA, ASHA, AAA), and some might submit a manuscript for publication in a research journal.
Research Assistant: If you are a member of a research team and are assisting with ongoing research, you could assist with any phase of the research process: (1) searching for literature, (2) reviewing literature, (3) designing the study, (4) collecting data, (5) entering data, (6) analyzing data, (7) writing up results, and/or (8) presenting findings.