CMU is involved with the Cochrane Collaboration in two capacities:

U.S. Cochrane Network affiliate

The U.S. Cochrane Network _CMU Affiliate is working with more than ten other centers across the U.S. to represent the United States.  In that capacity, we are in collaboration with more than 53 other centers across the globe. The Cochrane Collaboration mission and vision are stated below:
The main purpose of The Cochrane Collaboration is to develop systematic reviews of the strongest evidence available about healthcare interventions. Consumers and health practitioners can then work together to make the best possible decisions about health care. The reviews are published electronically within The Cochrane Library and are freely accessible in shortened versions.
For more information about Cochrane, visit their website.

Cochrane U.S. Network Strategic Plan

Background & Purpose of US Network

Established in June 2019, the Cochrane U.S. Network builds on a long-standing history of Cochrane efforts in the United States (U.S.). The Cochrane U.S. Network brings together multiple groups based across the country to deliver a broad range and scale of Cochrane activities, collaborate across institutions, and create a greater impact of that work in diverse regions and different contexts. The Cochrane U.S. Network is made up of some of the country’s leading institutions in the research, synthesis, and practice of evidence-based medicine and public health. Each member organization of the U.S. Network has its own function and specific areas of expertise and focus. Collectively, the U.S. Network will work to promote evidence-based decision-making in health care and public health in the U.S. by raising awareness, knowledge, and value for Cochrane and its evidence, supporting the production of high quality and relevant systematic reviews and their strategic dissemination and promoting the use of Cochrane evidence among patients, caregivers, clinicians, other practitioners, health systems, guideline developers, and policymakers to make evidence-based decisions. The U.S. Network will play a leadership role to increase evidence-based health decisions through collaboration, training, patient and stakeholder engagement, and dissemination and implementation, while maintaining close alignment with Cochrane’s strategic plan and goals.

Vision 

A world where every health care and public health decision is based on the best available evidence.

Mission 

Improve the health of individuals, communities, and populations by promoting the production, evaluation, understanding, and use of scientific evidence to inform health policy, programs, and decision making.

Guiding Values

Quality
Collaboration
Transparency
Engagement
Dissemination
Trust

Who we are

  • The Network comprises various Cochrane institutions and review groups based in the U.S. These include:  
  • U.S.-based Cochrane Review Groups. Cochrane Review Groups are responsible for the efficient and timely production of high-quality systematic reviews that address the most important research questions for decision-makers. The Network includes three U.S.-based Cochrane Review Groups (Fertility Regulation, Neonatal, and Urology) and three U.S.-based satellites of Cochrane Review Groups (Eyes and Vision, Musculoskeletal, and Pregnancy and Childbirth). 
  • U.S.-based Cochrane Fields. Cochrane Fields focuses on cross-cutting dimensions of health care versus a specific condition or topic. The Network includes the Cochrane Complementary Medicine Field.
  • Associate Center. Associate Centers work to promote Cochrane by serving as an official Cochrane representative in their region, building local partnerships, and hosting local Cochrane events.  Associate Centers also contribute to the Cochrane priority setting, training users of evidence, and supporting review production via training. The Network includes the Cochrane US West Associate Center, which represents a large partnership of academic institutions, major health systems, and community organizations including Oregon Health & Science University, the University of California at San Francisco, VA Portland Health Care System Evidence Synthesis Program, Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research, and Northwest Oregon Health Authority. 
  • Affiliate Centers. Affiliate Centers work to promote and support the development and use of Cochrane evidence in health care and public health decision-making and guideline development, including fostering the community of Cochrane members, capacity-building through training, and disseminating Cochrane evidence throughout the U.S. As of August 2020, there are 15 Cochrane Affiliate Centers located at the following institutions:
    • AcademyHealth
    • American College of Physicians
    • Central Michigan University
    • Cornell University
    • Mayo Clinic Evidence-based Practice Center
    • Penn Medicine Center for Evidence-based Practice 
    • RTI International – University of North Carolina Evidence-based Practice Center
    • Texas Christian University
    • The Ohio State University
    • The University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer Center
    • University of Chicago Medicine
    • University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus
    • University of Maryland School of Medicine
    • University of Mississippi Centre for Evidence-Based Practice
    • US GRADE Network

Executive Committee

A six-member Executive Committee advises on priorities, activities, and decisions of the U.S. Network. The Executive Committee positions represent active Network members from five of the member organizations of the U.S. Network, plus the Network Coordinator.  A Chair or two Co-Chair positions may be selected within the Executive Committee.  The Committee is election-based and term-limited (Coordinator exempt).

Coordinator

A 0.6 FTE Coordinator provides management, communications, administration, and strategic support to the U.S. Network and its activities.

Funding

Cochrane Central provides temporary funding for the Coordinator position as the U.S. Network develops and works to establish funding to support its staffing and activities. Cochrane’s Development Coordinator has prioritized time to support fundraising on behalf of the U.S. Network, both for Network-level projects and member-level projects.  Establishing funding mechanisms to support the sustainability of the Network, its coordinator, and cross-collaborative projects is an operational priority. Additionally, members of the Network pursue individual and collaborative funding efforts to support their respective Cochrane activities.  

Strategic Plan Purpose and Use

This strategic plan serves as a framework to guide U.S. Network activities and decisions, including the Executive Committee and workgroup priorities, activities, and decisions. The plan will be iteratively developed as the U.S. Network progresses and identifies strategic opportunities in line with its goals. The strategic plan will be reviewed and updated annually by the Executive Committee, who may convene a strategic planning workgroup, as needed. As the strategic plan is further established, the U.S. Network will aim to identify measures and targets to monitor progress towards goals.  Iterations of this strategic plan are valid from 2019 – 2024, unless otherwise voted upon by the Executive Committee and voting members.

U.S. Network Goals

  • Goal 1. Advocate for evidence
  • Goal 2. Make evidence accessible, relevant, and useful
  • Goal 3. Facilitate the production of high-quality evidence 
  • Goal 4. Build a collaborative, effective, and sustainable network
For each goal, priority strategies are defined. The list is not intended to be comprehensive of all goal-oriented activities U.S. Network affiliates are engaged in.  Once voted in and adopted, this strategic plan will be updated to reflect initiatives* and activities for each goal.  A parallel monitoring plan will be established to monitor, evaluate, and assign responsibilities for each activity.

Goal 1. Advocate for evidence
We aim to build greater recognition, understanding, and uptake of high-quality evidence and to advocate for evidence-based decision-making in health care and public health. 

  1. Raise awareness of Cochrane and the US Network
    • Establish and grow a social media presence for the US Network
    • Plan and hold U.S.-based Cochrane conferences, workshops, and training on the production and use of Cochrane Reviews 
    • Raise awareness and create a community around the U.S. Cochrane Network, its mission, goals, members, and activities as well as the value of synthesized evidence
    • Partner to raise awareness and use of evidence in health care decision-making and public health
  2. Educate on evidence-based health care and public health and the uptake of synthesized research evidence in health decision-making and planning
    • Support Cochrane in implementation of its advocacy plan and strategy on clinical trial transparency 
  3. Build relationships with professional organizations, policymakers, consumer/patient advocacy groups, health payers, health systems, and employers
    • Plan and implement an outreach strategy for priority professional associations in the US, beginning with leveraging the U.S. Network members and their professional associations
Goal 2. Make evidence relevant, accessible, and useful
We aim to make Cochrane evidence accessible and useful to everyone in the US, including patients, researchers, policymakers, payers, and clinicians.

  1. Build capacity of users of Cochrane evidence [How to read, interpret, contextualize evidence]
    • Identify existing Cochrane training or learning resources (e.g., on systematic reviews and Cochrane resources), repurpose and tailor as needed, and disseminate
    • Survey US Network members to gain an understanding of their consumer engagement and involvement activities and capacity building needs for consumer engagement
    • Conduct a US-based workshop or conference to include capacity building workshops or training on Cochrane evidence production and use
  2. Strategically disseminate Cochrane evidence and resources
    • Develop an evidence package and dissemination plan for a selection of Cochrane reviews addressing the treatment of opioid-dependent pregnant women and their newborn infants 
    • Identify systematic reviews with high relevance to the US landscape and disseminate through Network members and social media
  3. Coordinate a Cochrane Special Collection on opioid dependence and engage US Network members and stakeholders to support dissemination
    • Disseminate relevant Cochrane evidence, resources, and offerings via the US Network social media platform and website
  4. Monitor usage of Cochrane evidence in the US to inform gaps, strengths, and priorities
    • Work with Cochrane and Wiley to obtain these data and analyze them on a regular cycle
Goal 3. Facilitate the production of high-quality evidence
We aim to facilitate the production of high-quality, relevant, up-to-date systematic reviews and other synthesized research evidence to inform health care and public health decision-making in the U.S.

  1. Provide training to build capacity in the U.S. for expertise in systematic review methodology
    • Develop a U.S. Network Methods and Training Work Group that works in coordination with existing Cochrane methods groups
    • Convene U.S. Network members for a discussion on methodology research (e.g., living systematic reviews)
    • Offer virtual and in-person workshops for Cochrane author training
    • Re-brand or re-package existing training by members as Cochrane U.S. Network training
  2. Provide strategic input to Cochrane Review Group priority setting to inform per U.S. context and evidence needs
    • Develop a process for the U.S. Network to provide input to Cochrane Review Groups
    • Liaise with U.S.-based consumer groups to gain input to inform review group priority setting per U.S. context
    • Reach out to non-U.S. Review Groups to understand their relationships within the U.S. (e.g., professional associations)
    • Explore interest, need, and value for additional Review Group satellites in the U.S.

Goal 4. Build a collaborative, effective and sustainable Network
We aim to be a diverse, inclusive, and transparent network that effectively harnesses the enthusiasm and skills of our collaborators; is guided by our commitment to evidence-based, patient-centered health decision making; and establishes sustainable infrastructure and capacity.

  1. Establish supportive, transparent, and sustained infrastructure and operations for the US Network
    • Further develop the terms of reference for the US Network and Executive Committee
    • Identify and submit to a funding opportunity to define a process for collaborating on a proposal as a Network
  2. Develop resources to support US Network funding needs
    • Develop a funding and sustainability plan
    • Secure funding to support US Network infrastructure and convening, including the coordinator position and member support for attending conferences and meetings
  3. Develop relationships with funders
    • Develop a list of funders and map existing relationships among US Network members
    • Identify what key funders in the US want and need and how the US Network can be responsive

*Initiatives already underway include the formation and various stages of implementation of an Executive Committee, an Opioids Workgroup, a Consumer Engagement Workgroup, and a Data Curation Workgroup.

U.S. Cochrane Satellite with Pregnancy and Childbirth group

The Pregnancy and Childbirth Group (PCG) U.S. satellite's main purpose is to disseminate Cochrane Reviews and to promote Cochrane and its work in the United States, while supporting and developing the U.S.-based community of Cochrane members.

We promote evidence-based medicine dissemination (EBM) in everyday practice to obstetrics providers across the U.S., especially within rural and medically underserved regions, in partnership with stakeholders, to advance pregnancy and childbirth optimal outcomes in the U.S. and worldwide. We seek to increase the number of U.S.-based Cochrane Systematic Reviews authors through regular training workshops. In addition, we increase the number and the timeliness of engagement with consumers through regular conferences to raise a public awareness of Cochrane Systematic Reviews findings and to extend consumers' input from the U.S. into PCG early in the review process (protocols and reviews).

Newly established, the PCG U.S. satellite is currently funded by CMU School of Health Sciences, and is seeking external funding.

While our operational area is the entire territory of the U.S., we are based at the Central Michigan University (CMU) School of Health Sciences and Indiana University School of Medicine's Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Through its School of Health Sciences (HSC) and College of Medicine (CMED), CMU is focused on the health of rural populations, while Indiana University School of Medicine (IUSM)'s Department of OB/GYN has been a leader in advocating for the use of the Cochrane Collaboration in obstetrics in the U.S. We also have collaborative partners across the U.S.

Collaborative Partners:

  • Central Michigan University, School of Health Sciences (Dr. Shayesteh Jahanfar, Dr. Andrew Kim, Dr. Tunde-Akinmolandun, Dr. Jeff Inungu, MPH program), exercise science program (Dr. Rachael Nelson).
  • Indiana University (Dr. David Hass, School of Medicine).
  • University of Michigan, (Dr. Joel Gagnier, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics).
  • Michigan State University (Dr. Claudia Holzman, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics).
  • Jefferson University (Dr. Vincenzo Berghella, Obstetrics and Gynecology Department).

What do we do?

The U.S. Satellite of the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group (U.S.-PCG) is a new Satellite aimed at assisting the PCG Editorial Base with producing impactful Cochrane Reviews, the training, and recruitment of new authors and consumers, and partnering with stakeholders in the U.S. to prioritize and promote knowledge translation and communication activities. All of this is focused on aiding women and children's health practitioners in the U.S. and beyond to provide the most up-to-date evidence-informed care. The U.S.-PCG is approved by the Cochrane Collaboration and is officially launching March 18, 2019.

Our activities

Review production: The U.S.-PCG has been asked to aid with the production of a complex Review on oral misoprostol for labor induction. This is a WHO priority area and we are honored to begin to aid the other authors on the extraction and summary of information from the >70 trials that will make up the Review.

Networking: In the early part of 2019, we plan to engage with stakeholders in professional organizations and foundations to begin to recruit potential new consumers and to begin the process of their involvement in priority setting for topics, reviews, and guideline development.

Knowledge translation: We are also excited to partner with leading maternal-child health journals to provide periodic dissemination and highlighting of key Cochrane Reviews and activities.

Training: We have conducted two workshops at CMU since 2017 and plan to conduct similar workshops annually in the Michigan area.

Our News

Hiring a Fellow: We have hired the first U.S.-PCG Research Fellow from Indiana University who will work primarily based at Indian University and will engage with all U.S.-PCG activities.

Hiring a Graduate Assistant: We have also hired the first Graduate Assistant from CMU. Governor Godfrey Ameh is a dentist and MPH candidate. He has started working with U.S.-PCG since August 2020 and is helping with grant writing, training the facilitators for Cochrane webinars, and all other administrative support.

Training: This year, the Cochrane Standard Author training workshops will be conducted via webinars. We have speakers from Indiana University, Ohio State University, and Oregon Health and Science University. Our last four trainings occurred in the spring. We will be working on delivering webinars in November 2020. We have already trained five facilitators to support the registered members of the workshop.

Our people

The U.S.-PCG is a coalition of experienced clinical, public health, and biostatistical experts with a mission to advance maternal-child health. The multi-institutional group has monthly calls and frequent communication to advance the mission of the U.S. Satellite and the overall Cochrane Collaboration. The organizational structure and people involved are displayed below.

Personnel:
Dr. Claudia Holzman

The Pregnancy and Childbirth Group (PCG) U.S. satellite's main purpose is to disseminate Cochrane Reviews and to promote Cochrane and its work in the United States while supporting and developing the U.S.-based community of Cochrane members.

We promote evidence-based medicine dissemination (EBM) in everyday practice to obstetrics providers across the U.S., especially within rural and medically-underserved regions, in partnership with stakeholders, to advance pregnancy and childbirth optimal outcomes in the U.S. and worldwide. We seek to increase the number of U.S.-based Cochrane Systematic Reviews authors through regular training workshops. In addition, we increase the number and the timeliness of engagement with consumers through regular conferences to raise public awareness of Cochrane Systematic Reviews findings and to extend consumers' input from the U.S. into PCG early in the review process (protocols and reviews).

Newly established, the PCG U.S. satellite is currently funded by CMU School of Health Sciences, and is seeking external funding.

While our operational area is the entire territory of the U.S., we are based at the Central Michigan University (CMU) School of Health Sciences and Indiana University School of Medicine's Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Through its School of Health Sciences (HSC) and College of Medicine (CMED), CMU is focused on the health of rural populations, while Indiana University School of Medicine (IUSM)'s Department of OB/GYN has been a leader in advocating for the use of the Cochrane Collaboration in obstetrics in the U.S. We also have collaborative partners across the U.S.

Collaborative Partners:

Central Michigan University, School of Health Sciences (Dr. Shayesteh Jahanfar, Dr. Andrew Kim, Dr. Tunde-Akinmolandun, Dr. Jeff Inungu, MPH program), exercise science program (Dr. Rachael Nelson).

Indiana University (Dr. David Hass, School of Medicine).

The University of Michigan, (Dr. Joel Gagnier, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics).

Michigan State University (Dr. Claudia Holzman, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics).

Jefferson University (Dr. Vincenzo Berghella, Obstetrics, and Gynecology Department).

What do we do?

The U.S. Satellite of the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group (U.S.-PCG) is a new Satellite aimed at assisting the PCG Editorial Base with producing impactful Cochrane Reviews, the training, and recruitment of new authors and consumers, and partnering with stakeholders in the U.S. to prioritize and promote knowledge translation and communication activities. All of this is focused on aiding women and children's health practitioners in the U.S. and beyond to provide the most up-to-date evidence-informed care. The U.S.-PCG is approved by the Cochrane Collaboration and is officially launching March 18, 2019.

Our activities

Review production: The U.S.-PCG has been asked to aid with the production of a complex Review on oral misoprostol for labor induction. This is a WHO priority area and we are honored to begin to aid the other authors on the extraction and summary of information from the >70 trials that will make up the Review.

Networking: In the early part of 2019, we plan to engage with stakeholders in professional organizations and foundations to begin to recruit potential new consumers and to begin the process of their involvement in priority setting for topics, reviews, and guideline development.

Knowledge translation: We are also excited to partner with leading maternal-child health journals to provide periodic dissemination and highlighting of key Cochrane Reviews and activities.

Training: We have conducted two workshops at CMU since 2017 and plan to conduct similar workshops annually in the Michigan area.

Our News

Hiring a Fellow: We have hired the first U.S.-PCG Research Fellow from Indiana University who will work primarily based at Indian University and will engage with all U.S.-PCG activities.

Hiring a Graduate Assistant: We have also hired the first Graduate Assistant from CMU. Governor Godfrey Ameh is a dentist and MPH candidate. He has started working with U.S.-PCG since August 2020 and is helping with grant writing, training the facilitators for Cochrane webinars, and all other administrative support.

Training: This year, the Cochrane Standard Author training workshops will be conducted via webinars. We have speakers from Indiana University, Ohio State University, and Oregon Health and Science University. Our last four pieces of training occurred in the spring. We will be working on delivering webinars in November 2020. We have already trained five facilitators to support the registered members of the workshop.

Our people

The U.S.-PCG is a coalition of experienced clinical, public health, and biostatistical experts with a mission to advance maternal-child health. The multi-institutional group has monthly calls and frequent communication to advance the mission of the U.S. Satellite and the overall Cochrane Collaboration. The organizational structure and people involved are displayed below.