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Musculoskeletal Health and Injury Treatment

Psychological Health

National Association of Schools of Music and the Performing Arts Medicine Association

The National Association of Schools of Music (NASM) and the Performing Arts Medicine Association (PAMA) have developed a comprehensive overview of hearing, vocal, and neuromusculoskeletal health issues for postsecondary schools and departments of music. Information of a medical nature is provided by PAMA; information regarding contextual issues in music programs, by NASM. This section of the web site provides a “tool kit” of documents focused on the issue of hearing health. It addresses the risk of noise-induced hearing loss, a widespread and serious public health issue for musicians and others. --NASM

Performing Arts Medicine Association

PAMA is an organization comprised of dedicated medical professionals, artists, educators, and administrators with the common goal of improving the health care of the performing artist. The Performing Arts Medicine Association was founded in 1989. Members join from around the world. The association maintains an online bibliography focusing on the health problems of instrumental and vocal musicians, dancers and actors. It consists of citations from the medical, musical, and popular literature, with emphasis on clinical problems and relevant basic science in performing arts medicine. It also provides links to related web resources.​​​

National Association for Music Education


These earplugs are available for purchase in the School of Music through the Chippewa Marching Band​​​​​​.  Please contact Dr. James Batcheller at for purchase information.


  • Colwell, Richard, and Carol P. Richardson. The New Handbook of Research on Music Teaching and Learning.​ New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.
  • Conable, Barbara. What Every Musician Needs To Know about the Body. Revised ed.  Portland, OR: Andover Press, 2000.
  • Coyle, Daniel. Little Book of Talent. New York: Bantam, 2012.
  • Dawson, W. J. Fit as a Fiddle: The Musician’s Guide to Playing Healthy. Rowman and Littlefield/MENC, 2008.
  • Driskill, Kristina, and Christopher Wilkinson. Symptoms, Causes, and Coping Strategies for Performance Anxiety in Singers: A Synthesis of Research. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, 2012.
  • Gallwey, Timothy. The Inner Game of Music. New York: Doubleday, 1986.
  • Garfield, Charles. Peak Performance. William Morrow, 1987.
  • Gates, Rachel. The Owner's Manual to the Voice: A Guide for Singers and Other Professional Voice Users. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.
  • Heirich, Jane Ruby. Voice and the Alexander Technique: Active Explorations for Speaking and Singing. Berkeley, CA: Mornum Time Press, 2005.
  • Horvath, Janet. Playing Less Hurt: An Injury Prevention Guide for Musicians. New York: Hal Leonard Books, 2010.
  • Kapit, Elson. The Anatomy Coloring Book. 4th ed.​ Pearson, 2013.
  • Kaslow, David M. Living Dangerously with the Horn – Thoughts on Life and Art. Bloomington, IN: Birdalone Books, 1996.
  • Klickstein, Gerald. The Musician’s Way: A Guide to Practice, Performance, and Wellness. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.
  • Maisel, Eric. Performance Anxiety: A Workbook for Actors, Singers, Dancers, and Anyone Who Performs in Public. New York: Backstage Books, 2005.
  • Malde, Melissa and Kurt-Alexander Zeller. What Every Singer Needs To Know about the Body. San Diego, CA: Plural Publishing, 2012.
  • Nelson, Samuel H., and Elizabeth Blades-Zeller. Singing With Your Whole Self: The Feldenkrais Method and Voice. Lanham, MD: The Scarecrow Press, 2002.
  • Norris, Richard N. The Musician's Survival Manual.​ International Conference of Symphony and Opera Musicians, 1993.
  • Odam, George, and Jaume Rosset i Llobet. The Musician’s Body: A Maintenance Manual for Peak Performance. London: Guildhall School of Music and Drama, 2007.
  • Pearson, Lea. Body Mapping for Flutists: What Every Flute Teacher Needs To Know about the Body. Chicago, IL: GIA Publications, 2006.
  • Ristad, Eloise. Soprano on Her Head. Moab, UT: Real People Press, 1981.
  • Sataloff, Robert T., Alice G. Brandfonbrener, Richard J. Lederman. Performing Arts Medicine. 3rd ed. Narberth, PA: Science Medicine, 2010.
  • Watson, A. The Biology of Musical Performance and Performance Related Injury. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2009.
  • Weiss, Maria and Sheveloff, Joel (advisor). The Alexander Technique and the Art of Teaching Voice. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses.
  • Werner, Kenney. E​ffortless Mastery.​ PAP/COM, 1996.


  • Brandfonbrener, Alice G., and Richard J. Lederman. “Performing Arts Medicine,” in The  New Handbook of Research on Music Teaching and Learning, edited by Richard Colwell and Carol P. Richardson, 1009-1022. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.
  • Chesky, Kris, George Kondraske, Miriam Henoch, John Hipple, and Bernard Rubin. “Musicians’ Health,” in The New Handbook of Research on Music Teaching and Learning, edited by Richard Colwell and Carol P. Richardson, 1023-1039. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.