Did you know that in a recent national survey of employers, nearly all employers (93 percent) said that “a demonstrated capacity to think critically, communicate clearly, and solve complex problems is more important than a job candidate’s undergraduate major"?

Certificate in Critical Reasoning advertisement

PHL Critical Reasoning.pdf

Certificate in Critical Reasoning

The Certificate in Critical Reasoning is designed to fit into your academic plan alongside any major.  The 12-credit-hour certificate is also ideal for non-degree-seeking students who want to enhance their critical reasoning skills. The certificate offers a concentrated course of study focusing on argumentative structure and evaluation, and employing the tools of fundamental logic and probability theory. This course of study will help prepare students entering the work force in a wide variety of capacities, as well as students entering graduate or professional school. 

All members of the philosophy faculty at CMU serve as advisors for this certificate.  To learn more about how this minor fits into your academic plans and goals, please talk with one of your professors or contact the philosophy program coordinator.

Required Courses I (6 hours)

Select any two of the following:
PHL 105: Critical Reasoning in Everyday Life (3-0)
PHL 140: Introduction to Logic (3-0)
PHL 141QR: Applied Logic (3-0)
PHL 145QR: Probability in Reasoning (3-0)
Note: Students may count PHL 140 or PHL 141, but not both. 

Required Courses II (6 hours)

Select any two of the following: 
PHL 320: Theory of Knowledge (3-0)
PHL 340: Intermediate Logic (3-0)
PHL 348: Decision Theory (3-0)
PHL 390: Philosophy of Science (3-0)

Total: 12 semester hours