The Master's Degree in Cultural Resource Management is designed to prepare professionals for careers in the growing field of cultural resource management.  

Practitioners in this multifaceted field assist private and government entities in identifying cultural resources such as archaeological and historical sites, culturally or historically significant structures, and culturally significant locations or resources, assessing such sites and resources, and developing plans for their preservation, curation, and ethical use. 

Program Goals

Students in the CRM program will learn how to:

  • describe, explain, and comply with federal laws, statutes, regulations, and ethical principles associated with cultural resource management
  • describe and explain the key components of material and non-material culture situated within a pre-historic or historical period
  • practice the skills appropriate for discovering, preserving, curating, interpreting, and/or making available to various publics the material culture developed by the people within a pre-historic or historical period
  • communicate effectively with appropriate lay and professional people

Career Options

The program will prepare professionals who can pursue careers either as independent contractors or through employment in government and private non-profit agencies dedicated to the preservation and understanding of cultural heritage.​​

Over the last forty years the field of Cultural Resource Management has exploded largely due to federal legislation that requires each state to manage the cultural resources within its boundaries and to make assessments about the potential of any project using federal money or permits to negatively impact significant cultural sites.  

The 2013 Occupational Outlook Handbook published by the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics indicates that the employment of anthropologists and archaeologists working in this field is expected to expand 21% between 2010 and 2020. Likewise, during the same period historians are expected to enjoy an 18% increase and museum curators a 16% increase in the number of available jobs. 

A current trend in the National Park Service—one of the largest employers of people in this line of work nationally—is to combine these three occupations under the Cultural Resource Manager job title as a method to foster a dynamic, broadly trained work force.

Admission Requirements

In addition to the general university application requirements, cultural resource management program applicants also must provide the following:

  • Evidence of an overall grade point average of 3.0
  • Evidence of at least 18 hours of coursework in anthropology, history, museum studies, or cognate fields
  • An essay (two or three pages, double-spaced) which includes a discussion of professional goals, how the applicant's background will lead to success in the program, and how the program will assist the applicant in achieving her or his goals. This essay will replace the written statement requested as part of the application to the College of Graduate Studies.
  • Three letters of recommendation from former professors or professionals in a field related to cultural resource management that attest to the applicant's potential to succeed in the program.
  • If the applicant is an international student for whom English is not the first language, a score of 79 or higher on the iBT Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) or 6.5 IELTS.
  • Per university policy, conditional admission may be considered for applicants with backgrounds or grade point averages that do not meet these requirements.  Courses taken to meet these requirements may not be counted toward graduate degree requirements.  Regular admission status should be requested upon completion of all conditional requirements.
  • Students may transfer up to nine hours of graduate credit in consultation with a program advisor.

Application deadlines for Fall admission are Feb. 1, and for Spring admission are Sept. 30. Apply online at

Degree Requirements

The Cultural Resource Management program is built upon an interdisciplinary foundation with core work in History, Anthropology/Archaeology and Museum Studies.

Required Courses (18 hours)

ANT/CRM 645 Cultural Resource Management in Archaeology 3(3-0)
ANT/CRM 626 Theory and research in Archaeology 3(3-0)
HST 580 Public History 3(3-0)
HST 791 Graduate Research 3-6(spec)
MST 610 International Cultural Laws and Ethics 3(3-0)
MST 620 Museum Management 3(3-0)

Note: students must complete at least 3 hours of HST 791.  Students may substitute HST 711, 713, 715, or 717 for HST 791.

Additional Requirements I (3-6 hours)

Select one of the following Internship/Fieldwork capstone experiences for at least 3 hours’ credit:
  • ANT 500 Field School in Archaeology 3-6(Spec)
  • HST 595 Internship in Public History 1-6(Spec)
  • MST 598 Museum Internship 6(Spec)

Additional Requirements II (3-6 hours)

ANT/CRM 798 Thesis 3-6(Spec)
HST 798 Thesis 1-12(Spec)
MST 798 Creative Endeavor in Museum Studies 3(3-0)

Note:  Students completing a thesis must initiate the formation of a review committee consisting of a chair and at least one other reader.

Additional Requirements III

Comprehensive examination on laws and ethics relevant to cultural resource management.  The examination will be scheduled in the final semester of the student’s program and will be evaluated by a committee of at least two examiners.

Electives (6-12 hours)

Students must select elective courses, usually from the list below, in consultation with a program advisor.  All students are strongly urged to select either ANT 520, North American Indian Ethnohistory or HST 523 American Indian History.  Courses not approved by an advisor may not be applied to the student’s degree program.  It is not advisable for a student to complete more than 3 hours of any variable credit courses on the list below.  

ANT/CRM 521 North American Indian Ethnohistory 3(3-0)
ANT/CRM 540 Archaeological Field and Laboratory Methods 3(3-0)
ANT/CRM 542 Methods in Forensic Anthropology: Osteology and Skeletal Analysis 3(3-0)
ANT/CRM 544 Michigan Archaeology 3(3-0)
ANT 588 Special Topics in Anthropology 1-10(Spec)
ANT 698 Independent Studies in Anthropology 1-12(Spec)
BLR 521 Environmental Law and Policy 3(3-0)
EDL 609 Administration of Volunteer Programs 3(3-0)
EDL 610 Grants and Fund Procurement 3(3-0)
GEO 500 Advanced Cartography 3(2-2)
GEO 501 Principles and Applications of Geographic Information System 3(2-2)
GEO 503 Geographic Information Systems 3(2-2)
GEO 508 Digital Remote Sensing 3(2-2)
GEO 512 Quantitative Methods for Spatial Analysis 3(2-2)
GEO 515 Geography of the Great Lakes Region 3(3-0)
GEO 516 Advanced Remote Sensing Systems 3(2-2)
GEO 530 Land Use Planning 3(3-0)
GEO 531 Integrated Land Use Planning 3(3-0)
HST 511 Colonial British America 3(3-0)
HST 512 Era of the American Revolution 3(3-0)
HST 514 Democracy, Expansion, and Reform in America, 1824-1848 3(3-0)
HST 516 Emergence of Modern America, 1877-1920 3(3-0)
HST 522 Indians of the Great Lakes Region 3(3-0)
HST 526 Modern American Political Culture, 1865-Present 3(3-0)
HST 583 Archival Administration 3(3-0)
HST 585 Oral History 3(3-0)
HST 600 Historiography 3(3-0)
HST 602 Colloquium in U.S. History to 1865 3-6(3-0)
HST 603 Colloquium in U.S. History Since 1865 3-6(3-0)
HST 636 Colloquium in Ancient History 3-6(3-0)
HST 650 Colloquium in European History to 1450 3(3-0)
HST 651 Colloquium in Early Modern European History 3-6(3-0)
HST 652 Colloquium in Modern European History 3-6(3-0)
HST 681 Historic Preservation (3-0)
HST 690 Advanced Readings 1-9(Spec)
HST 695 Special Studies Abroad 3-15(Spec)
HST 711 Seminar in Colonial and Revolutionary America 3-6(3-0)
HST 713 Seminar in the History of Nineteenth Century America 3-6(3-0)
HST 717 Seminar in the History of Twentieth Century America 3-6(3-0)
HST 723 Seminar in American Diplomatic History 3(3-0).
HST 738 Seminar in Ancient History 3-6(3-0)
HST 740 Seminar in Medieval West 3(3-0)
HST 741 Seminar in Early Modern Europe 3(3-0)
HST 742 Seminar in Eighteenth-Century European History 3(3-0)
HST 744 Seminar in Nineteenth-Century European History 3-6(3-0)
HST 758 Seminar in Twentieth-Century European History 3-6(3-0)
HST 763 Seminar in Latin American History 3(3-0)
HST 795 Seminar Abroad 3-15(Spec)
MKT 555 Market and Sales Forecasting 3(3-0) 
MKT 560 International Marketing 3(3-0) 
MST 546 Introduction to Museum Work 3(3-0) 
MST 547 Museum Science Laboratory 1-6(Spec.) 
MST 550 Advanced Collections Management 3(3-0)
MST 551 Museum Education and Interpretation Techniques 3(3-0)
MST 575 Independent Study in Museum Studies 3(3-0)
MST 750 Seminar in Advanced Exhibit Design and Construction 3(3-0)
MST 775 Seminar in Museum Funding and Fundraising 3(3-0)
PAD 622 Strategic Planning for Public/Non-Profit Organizations 3(3-0)
PAD 711 Public Personnel Management 3(3-0)
PSC 516 Environmental Politics and Policy 3(3-0)
PSC 522 Regulatory Processes and Administrative Law 3(3-0)
PSC 677 The Public Sector Role in Post-Disaster Recovery 3(3-0)
SPE 550 Teaching Culturally Diverse Students 3(3-0)
RPL 508 Budgeting for Leisure Service Agencies 3(3-0)
RPL 511 Liability and Risk Management in Leisure Services 3(3-0)
RPL 521 Fund Development and Grant Writing for Public and Non-profit Organizations 3(3-0)
RPL 545 Marketing of Leisure Services 3(3-0)
RPL 552 Environmental Interpretation 3(3-0)
RPL 570 Wilderness Issues and Policy 3(3-0)

Total: 36 semester hours

Cultural Resource Management Forms​