Skip navigation

7th Grade Geography

​​​ ​​7th grade Geography GLCEs
​ The World in Spatial Terms: Geographic Habits of Mind​​

G1.1 Spatial ThinkingUse maps and other geographic tools to acquire and process information from a spatial perspective.

7 – G1.1.1 Explain and use a variety of maps, globes, and web based geography technology to study the world, including global, interregional, regional, and local scales.

Lesson Plans:
Maps:

7 – G1.1.2 Draw an accurate sketch map from memory of the Eastern Hemisphere showing the major regions (Africa, Asia, Europe, Australia/Oceania, Antarctica).​​


G1.2 Geographical Inquiry and Analysis: Use geographic inquiry and analysis to answer important questions about relationships between people, cultures, their environment, and relations within the larger world context.

7 – G1.2.1 Locate the major landforms, rivers and climate regions of the Eastern Hemisphere.

Maps:
  • Mideast Map Set
  • World Deserts (save pdf to your computer to enable clickable functionality)
  • Africa (save pdf to your computer to enable clickable functionality)
  • Australia (save pdf to your computer to enable clickable functionality)
  • China (save pdf to your computer to enable clickable functionality)
  • South Asia (save pdf to your computer to enable clickable functionality)
  • Southwest Asia (save pdf to your computer to enable clickable functionality)

7 – G1.2.2 Explain why maps of the same place may vary as a result of the cultural or historical background of the cartographer.

7 – G1.2.3 Use observations from air photos, photographs (print and CD), films (VCR and DVD) as the basis for answering geographic questions about the human and physical characteristics of places and regions.

Lesson Plans:

7 – G1.2.4 Draw the general population distribution of the Eastern Hemisphere on a map, analyze the patterns, and propose two generalizations about the location and density of the population.

Lesson Plans:
Maps:
Resources:

7 – G1.2.5 Use information from modern technology such as Geographic Positioning System (GPS), Geographic Information System (GIS), and satellite remote sensing to locate information and process maps and data to analyze spatial patterns of the Eastern Hemisphere to answer geographic questions.

Lesson Plans:

7 – G1.2.6 Apply the skills of geographic inquiry (asking geographic questions, acquiring geographic information, organizing geographic information, analyzing geographic information, and answering geographic questions) to analyze a problem or issue of importance to a region of the Eastern Hemisphere.


G1.3 Geographical Understanding Use geographic themes, knowledge about processes and concepts to study the Earth.

7 – G1.3.1 Use the fundamental themes of geography (location, place, human environment interaction, movement, region) to describe regions or places on earth.

7 – G1.3.2 Explain the locations and distributions of physical and human characteristics of Earth by using knowledge of spatial patterns.

Lesson Plans:

7 – G1.3.3 Explain the different ways in which places are connected and how those connections demonstrate interdependence and accessibility.

Lesson Plans:


​​​ Places and Regions

G2.1 Physical Characteristics of Place: Describe the physical characteristics of places.

7 – G2.1.1 Describe the landform features and the climate of the region (within the Western or Eastern Hemispheres) under study.

Lesson Plans:
Maps:
  • Mideast Map Set
  • Empires in Mesopotamia
  • World Deserts (save pdf to your computer to enable clickable functionality)
  • Africa (save pdf to your computer to enable clickable functionality)
  • Australia (save pdf to your computer to enable clickable functionality)
  • China (save pdf to your computer to enable clickable functionality)
  • South Asia (save pdf to your computer to enable clickable functionality) 
  • Southwest Asia (save pdf to your computer to enable clickable functionality)

7– G2.1.2 Use information from GIS, remote sensing and the World Wide Web to compare and contrast the surface features and vegetation of the continents of the Eastern Hemisphere.

Lesson Plans:


G2.2 Human Characteristics of Place: Describe the human characteristics of places.

7 – G2.2.1 Describe the human characteristics of the region under study (including languages, religion, economic system, governmental system, cultural traditions).

Lesson Plans:

7 – G2.2.2 Explain that communities are affected positively or negatively by changes in technology (e.g., increased manufacturing resulting in rural to urban migration in China, increased farming of fish, hydroelectric power generation at Three Gorges, pollution resulting from increased manufacturing and automobiles).

7– G2.2.3 Analyze how culture and experience influence people’s perception of places and regions (e.g., that beaches are places where tourists travel, cities have historic buildings, northern places are cold, equatorial places are very warm).


​​​ Physical Systems

G3.1 Physical Processes: Describe the physical processes that shape the patterns of the Earth’s surface.

7 – G3.1.1 Construct and analyze climate graphs for locations at different latitudes and elevations in the region to answer geographic questions and make predictions based on patterns (e.g., compare and contrast Norway and France; Nairobi and Kilimanjaro; Mumbai and New Delhi).

Lesson Plans:


G3.2 Ecosystems Describe the characteristics and spatial distribution of ecosystems on the Earth's surface.

7 – G3.2.1 Explain how and why ecosystems differ as a consequence of differences in latitude, elevation, and human activities (e.g., effects of latitude on types of vegetation in Africa, proximity to bodies of water in Europe, and effects of annual river flooding in Southeast Asia and China).

Lesson Plans:
Maps:

7 – G3.2.2 Identify ecosystems of a continent and explain why some provide greater opportunities (fertile soil, precipitation) for humans to use than do other ecosystems and how that changes with technology (e.g., China's humid east and arid west and the effects of irrigation technology).

Lesson Plans:


​​​ Human Systems

G4.1 Cultural Mosaic: Describe the characteristics, distribution and complexity of Earth’s cultural mosaic.

7 – G4.1.1 Identify and explain examples of cultural diffusion within the Eastern Hemisphere (e.g., the spread of sports, music, architecture, television, Internet, Bantu languages in Africa, Islam in Western Europe).

Lesson Plans:

7 – G4.1.2 Compare roles of women in traditional African societies in the past with roles of women as modern micro-entrepreneurs in current economies.


G4.2 Technology Patterns and Networks: Describe how technology creates patterns and networks that connect people, products, and ideas.​

7 – G4.2.1 List and describe the advantages and disadvantages of different technologies used to move people, products, and ideas throughout the world (e.g., opportunities for employment, entrepreneurial and educational opportunities using the Internet; the effects of technology on reducing the time necessary for communications and travel; the uses and effects of wireless technology in developing countries; and the spread of group and individual's ideas as voice and image messages on electronic networks such as the Internet).

Lesson Plans:


G4.3 Patterns of Human Settlement: Describe patterns, processes and functions of human settlement.

7 – G4.3.1 Identify places in the Eastern Hemisphere that have been modified to be suitable for settlement by describing the modifications that were necessary (e.g., Nile River irrigation, reclamation of land along the North Sea, planting trees in areas that have become desertified in Africa).

7 – G4.3.2 Describe patterns of settlement by using historical and modern maps (e.g., the location of the world’s mega cities, other cities located near coasts and navigable rivers, regions under environmental stress such as the Sahel).

Lesson Plans:
Maps:
Resources:


G4.4 Forces of Cooperation and Conflict Explain how forces of conflict and cooperation among people influence the division and control of the Earth’s surface.

7 – G4.4.1 Identify and explain factors that contribute to conflict and cooperation 
between and among cultural groups (e.g., natural resources, power, culture, wealth).

Lesson Plans:

7 – G4.4.2 Describe examples of cooperation and conflict within the European Union (e.g., European Parliament, Euro as currency in some countries but not others, open migration within the European Union, free trade, and cultural impacts such as a multi-lingual population).​


​​​ Environment and Society

G5.1 Humans and the Environment: Describe how human actions modify the environment.

7 – G5.1.1 Describe the environmental effects of human action on the atmosphere (air), biosphere (people, animals, and plants), lithosphere (soil), and hydrosphere (water) (e.g., desertification in the Sahel Region of North Africa, deforestation in the Congo Basin, air pollution in urban center, and chemical spills in European Rivers).

7 – G5.1.2 Describe how variations in technology affect human modifications of the landscape (e.g., clearing of agricultural land in Southeast Asia, fish factories in North Atlantic and Western Pacific Ocean, and damming rivers to meet needs for electricity).

7 – G5.1.3 Identify the ways in which human-induced changes in the physical environment in one place can cause changes in other places (e.g., cutting forests in one region may result in river basin flooding elsewhere as has happened historically in China; building dams floods land upstream and permits irrigation downstream as in Southern Africa, the Aswan Dam flooded the upper Nile Valley and permitted irrigation downstream).


G5.2 Physical and Human Systems Describe how physical and human systems shape patterns on the Earth's surface.​ 

7 – G5.2.1 Describe the effects that a change in the physical environment could have on human activities and the choices people would have to make in adjusting to the change (e.g., drought in Africa, pollution from volcanic eruptions in Indonesia, earthquakes in Turkey, and flooding in Bangladesh).


​​​ Global Issues Past and Present: Public Disclosure, Decision Making, 
 and Citizen Involvement (P3, P4) 

7 – G6.1.1 Contemporary Investigations: Conduct research on contemporary global topics and issues, compose persuasive essays, and develop a plan for action. (H1.4.3, G1.2.6, See P3 and P4)

Conflict, Stability, and Change – Investigate the significance of conflict, stability, and change in governmental systems within the region.

Diversity and Nationalism – Investigate the tensions that may develop between cultural diversity and nationalism within a country and their consequences.

Urbanization – Investigate urbanization and its consequences for the world’s population.

Oil and Society – Investigate the significance of how oil has changed nations as both consumers and producers of this natural resource.

Children in the World – Investigate issues affecting children such as health, labor, and war.

Regional Cooperation – Explain the significance of and barriers to regional cooperation.​

7 - G6.1.2 Investigations Designed for Ancient World History Eras: Contemporary Investigation Topics - Related to Content in World History and Contemporary Geography

​WHG Era 1
Population Growth and Resources – Investigate how population growth affects resource availability.

Migration – Investigate the significance of migrations of peoples and the resulting benefits and challenges.

WHG Era 2 
Sustainable Agriculture – Investigate the significance of sustainable agriculture and its role in helping societies produce enough food for people.

WHG Era 3 
Development – Investigate economic effects on development in a region and its ecosystems and societies.

Religious Conflict – Investigate conflict that arises from varying religious beliefs.​​