C.LEA.R & Candidate Performance Outcomes
Tenet #1: Concept and Knowledge Driven – A professional practice that is concept and knowledge driven has, as its foundation, content knowledge. This knowledge base is acquired through serious study and developed through research. Effective practitioners possess both content knowledge and the pedagogical knowledge that enables them to make ideas accessible to others (Darling-Hammond,
2000; Ferguson & Womack, 1993; Shulman, 1988; Guyton & Farokhi, 1987).
Tenet #2: LEArner Centered – A professional educational practice that is learner-centered focuses on the cognitive, affective, and physical needs and characteristics of each learner. It is based on the belief that all learners grow and develop throughout life and that all students can learn. Effective practitioners must be skilled in recognizing and meeting the needs of diverse learners (Darling-Hammond, 1998; Darling-Hammond, 1998, 1997).
Tenet #3 Reflective – A reflective professional practice is guided by research and knowledge of the educational environment. It strives to improve student learning, instructional strategies, and educational processes through ongoing assessment and evaluation. It recognizes the wide variety of cultural, ethnic, racial and socioeconomic backgrounds of the community and utilizes local assessment data and current research to guide reflective decision-making processes that influence the student, the educator, and the educational institution and community. Effective practitioners
make decisions based on knowledge and critical reflection guided by professional ethics and integrity (Yost, Senter, & Forlenza-Baily, 2000; Hatton & Smith, 1995; Schon, 1987, Dewey,1933).
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