Using Audio-Visual Materials
Lawfully made or purchased videotapes or DVDs may be shown in
the face-to-face classroom when the purpose of the performance or
display is educational. Material labeled “Home Use Only” may be shown in
a classroom as long as it is for educational purposes.
According to the TEACH Act, only "reasonable and limited" portions
of VHS and DVD audiovisual works may be digitized and streamed for the
online classroom. An exception to this may be stated in the license
agreement that CMU has with the work's vendor. See the Using Copyrighted Works -- In the Online Class section for more information on this.
A videotape or DVD may not be shown publicly (i.e. to an
uncontrolled group and outside of the classroom) without first obtaining
permission from the copyright holder.
Using Recorded Broadcast Programming
The guidelines below are excerpted from the Guidelines for Off-Air Taping for Educational Purposes
and apply only to off-air recording by non-profit educational
institutions. By observing these guidelines you are within the limits
off acceptable use.
- A broadcast program (including cable programs) may be
recorded off-air and retained by a non-profit educational institution
for a period not to exceed the first forty-five (45) consecutive
calendar days after the date of recording. Upon conclusion of such
retention period, all off-air recordings must be erased or destroyed.
- Off-air recording may be used once by individual teachers in
the course of relevant teaching activities and repeated once only when
instructional reinforcement is necessary during the first ten (10)
consecutive schools days in the forty-five (45) day calendar day
retention period. Using such a recording for instructional purposes
after the ten-day period of lawful use is prohibited.
- After the first ten (10) consecutive schools days, off-air
recordings may be used up to the end of the forty-five (45) calendar day
retention period only for teacher evaluation purposes. i.e., to
determine whether or not to include the broadcast program in the
teaching curriculum, and may not be used non-evaluation purposes without
- Off-air recordings may be made only at the request of and
used by individual teachers and may not be regularly recorded in
anticipation of usage. No broadcast program may be recorded off-air more
than once at the request of the same teacher, regardless of the number
of times the program may be broadcast.
- A limited number of copies may be reproduced from each
off-air recording to meet the legitimate needs of instructors under
these guidelines. Each additional copy shall be subject to all
provisions governing the original recording.
- Off-air recordings need not be used in their entirety, but
the recorded programs may not be altered from their original content
under any circumstances. Off-air recordings may not be physically or
electronically combined or merged to constitute teaching anthologies or
- All copies of off-air recordings must include the copyright notice on the broadcast program as recorded.
- Educational institutions are expected to establish appropriate control procedures to maintain the integrity of these guidelines.
Please remember that the guidelines above only define the
limits of acceptable use. If you wish to use material beyond the scope
mentioned above you may do so, but you will first need to obtain
permission from the copyright holder. If you need assistance obtaining
permission, contact the Course Reserves and Copyright Services office.