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Recorded Music

These guidelines represent the suggested conditions under which educators can use copyright protected music materials without permission from the copyright holder.

The following uses are permitted:

  1. Emergency duplication to replace purchased copies which are not available for an imminent performance.

  2. For teaching purposes, single or multiple copies of excerpts of works may be made, provided that the excerpts do not comprise a part of the whole which would constitute a performable unit such as a section, movement, or aria, but in no case more than 10 percent of the whole work. The number of copies must not exceed one copy per student.

  3. Printed copies that have been purchased may be edited or simplified, provided the fundamental character of the work is not distorted or the lyrics, if any, altered or lyrics added if none exist.

  4. A single copy of a sound recording of performances by a student(s) may be made for evaluation or rehearsal purposes and may be retained by the educational institution or individual teacher.

  5. A single copy of copyrighted music may be made from sound recordings owned by an educational institution or an individual teacher for the purpose of constructing aural exercises or examinations and may be retained by the educational institution or individual teacher

The following uses are prohibited:

  1. Copying to create a substitute or replacement for anthologies, compilations or collective works.

  2. Making a copy of or from works intended to be “consumable” in the course of study or teaching, such as workbooks, exercises, standardized tests, etc.

  3. Copying for the purpose of performance.

  4. Copying for the purpose of substituting for the purchase of music.

  5. Copying without inclusion of the copyright notice, which appears on the printed copy.

  6. Including a sound file on a web page. Each time a web page is viewed and the music is played it is considered a copy of the sound recording.

Questions? Contact the Course Reserves and Copyright Services office.