Meet with a Career Advisor
Goals, academic and on-academic interests, and specific CMU programs will be discussed. Additional resources are given at each appointment, and career testing options may be also reviewed. Students should contact the office to schedule an appointment early in their Central career!
Explore the Bulletin
Review majors and minors offered in each of the six academic colleges, and read specific course descriptors to gain an understanding program content. Follow-up with targeted programs by meeting with advisors or faculty in those colleges. Also, explore any introductory class options.
Complete a Self-Assessment Exercise
No ideas or lacking a starting point to begin your major exploration? Consider taking a career assessment.
Decision-Making Strategies and Career Planning Success
A resource with information about making decisions and a yearly success checklist.
Occupational Outlook Handbook
This resource contains detailed information about hundreds of careers. This is NOT a resource to explore careers related to majors because a specific job title is needed to search occupations.
Bureau of Labor Statistics
The Bureau constantly updates about employment statistics and information related to jobs in demand. It is a great resource to start researching how a major or specific career fits into the world of work.
John Holland was a professor of sociology and American psychologist who created a career development model in the 1950s. He theorized that careers were linked to personality types, and categorized the world of work into six types. These are used as a basis for the Strong Interest Inventory.
Do You Know Your Code?
If you have taken the Strong Interest Inventory or Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), you received a letter code which give insight to interests, values and personality.
Holland's Occupational Themes and the Strong Interest Inventory
- Realistic (The Doers): independent and practical people who enjoy physical, athletic and mechanical things.
- Investigative (The Thinkers): intellectual and inquisitive people who are curious, rational, analytical, logic and scientific.
- Artistic (The Creators): articulate and expressive people who are original, innovative, nonconforming, and imaginative.
- Social (The Helpers): cooperative, caring and empathetic people who excel at socializing, relationship building, and activities that involve teamwork
- Enterprising (The Persuaders): ambitious, assertive, and confident people who are dominant, like to influence, and manage others
- Conventional (The Organizers): Conservative, logical, and organized people who are detail-orientated, andenjoy practical tasks, quantitative activities, and structured settings.
In addition to using these links to understand each theme, you can use O*Net to search for occupations that correspond to each theme.
You may have taken this assessment in your school or work life, results are given as a four-letter code; ESTJ for example. It has become the most researched, respected, and widely used personality inventory, and have many applications including career development.
- ISTJ (The Duty Fulfiller): introversion, sensing, thinking, judging. Logical, faithful, and organized people who are typically reserved and serious; like to deal with the present and facts
- ISFJ (The Nurturer): introversion, sensing, feeling, judging. Compassionate, serious, patient, and concerned with taking care of others; possessing a strong work ethic
- INFJ (The Protector): introversion, intuition, feeling, judging. Value-driven, independent, and seeks meaningful relationships and ideas; tend to be quiet leaders who exercise influence behind the scenes
- INTJ (The Scientist): introversion, intuition, thinking, judging. Analytical, logical, creative, and most comfortable working alone; seek efficiency while generally withholding strong emotion
- ISTP (The Mechanic): introversion, sensing, thinking, perceiving. Master at using tools and excel at analyzing situations; quite, exploring, and interested in how things work
- ISFP (The Artist): introversion, sensing, feeling, perceiving. Peaceful, easygoing, and sensitive to their environment; enjoy going about things at their own pace and live in the moment
- INFP (The Idealist): introversion, intuition, feeling, perceiving. Thoughtful, considerate and good listeners; focus energy internally and strive to make the world a better place for others
- INTP (The Thinker): introversion, intuition, thinking, perceiving. Quiet, analytical, and autonomous; curious about systems and how things work
- ESTP (The Doer): extraversion, sensing, thinking, perceiving. Hands-on learners, fun, active, and outgoing want to solve problems instead of discussing them
- ESFP (The Performer): extraversion, sensing, feeling, perceiving. Generous, optimistic, warm, and possessing strong interpersonal skills; love to entertain and perform
- ENFP (The Inspirer): extraversion, intuition, feeling, perceiving. Optimistic, full of energy, and looks to find meaning in the world; initiates change, sees possibilities, and energizes others
- ENTP (The Visionary): extraversion, intuition, thinking, perceiving. Clever, enthusiastic, outgoing, and flexible; motivated by a desire to understand and improve their environments
- ESTJ (The Guardian): extraversion, sensing, thinking, judging. Practical, realistic, and matter-of-fact; enjoys organizing and running activities, and are strong believers in rules and procedures
- ESFJ (The Caregiver): extraversion, sensing, feeling, judging. Warm, energetic, and dependable; skilled at reading others and understanding their point of view
- ENFJ (The Giver): extraversion, intuition, feeling, judging. Externally-focus, living in the world of possibilities; understanding, caring, and tries to bring out the best in others
- ENTJ (The Executive): extraversion, intuition, thinking, judging. Dynamic, self-confident, assertive, and outgoing; strong leaders and possess a strong will