Facts & Definitions

Definition of Sexual Assault:

Any time anyone does anything of a sexual nature without the expressed, verbal consent of the other person.


A verbal yes in agreement to a question asked concerning the proposed sexual contact. Consent must be a verbal yes, in an enironment where a 'no' is a viable option; meaning free of threats and cocercion.

Consent given under threat of or use of force is not consent. Silence is not consent. Consent given under the infulence of drugs or alchol is not consent. Consent from someone under 16 is not consent. 

There is no such thing as consentual incest. 

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Emotional Coercion:
When one person “convinces” another into something that he or she does not want to do. What is 
important is the kind of pressure being plied. 

Example: Have you done something that you did not want to do -- just to get rid of the person asking? If you have, chances are that you have been coercively made to do it. 

Examples: “If you love me you would...” 
“What’s that matter with you...” 
Come on, don’t be a tease...”
“How else are we going to get to know each other better?”

Implicit Threats of Coercion:
Examples of how social status can be coercive...All these people are not on equal footings so the coercive elements are already in place.
  • Sports hero and a fan
  • Upperclassman and a freshman 
  • Teacher and a student
  • Judge and a litigant
  • Doctor and a patient
  • Social worker and client 
Verbal Threats :

Examples: Threatening to tell someone if the other person doesn’t want others to know
Threatening to leave the relationship, threatening harm.

Physical Force Without a Weapon 
Examples: Pinning down someone with one’s body Slapping, punching, hitting, strangling

Physical Force With a Weapon: 
Wether it is seen, used or neither immedietly creats an environment where consent cannot exist.

Facts and Statistics

  • 56% of all females will be confronted or hurt sexually 6
  • For both completed and attempted rapes, about 9 in 10 offenders were known to the victim. Most often, a boyfriend, ex-boyfriend, classmate, friend, acquaintance, or coworker sexually victimized the women. 6
  • Approximately 80% of female victims experienced their first rape before the age of 25 and almost half experienced the firstrapebefore age 18. 3   
  • 81% of women who experienced rape, stalking or physical violence by an intimate partner reported significant short or long term impacts related to the violence experienced in this relationship such as Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms and injury while 35% of men report such impacts of their experiences. 3
  • 1.9 million women were raped in 2009 3
  • Very seldom are the reports of sexual assault false accusations Under 6%, nationaly 4
  • Most sexual assaults involve the target being given alcohol by the perpetrator 7
  • Only 27% of the women whose sexual assault met the legal definition of rape thought of themselves as victims 6
  • Most rapes are premeditated 5
  • Most women do not scream 5
  • Most rapists will repeat successful behavior 5

Rape on College Campuses

  • The number of survivors who report on college campuses is lower because of fear of recognition 5
  • One in four college women surveyed are victims of rape or attempted rape 6
  • 85% of rapes on campuses are committed by a perpetrator the survivor knew. 6
  • 80% of college men who committed rape used drugs and alchol as tools against their targets. 7
  • 5% of college women who are raped report the rape to the police; 5% report it to a rape crisis center. 6
  • 1 out of every 15 college men reported committing a rape or attempting to commit rape the proceeding year 7
  1. MCL 750.52b
  2. Michigan Law in reguards to cocercion:
    1. ​​​​Michigan CSC statutes involving coercion: MCL 750.520b(1)(d)(ii) (CSC-I), and MCL 750.520c(1)(d)(ii) (CSCII)
    2. Michigan CSC statues involving weapons: MCL 750.520b(1)(e) (CSC-I); and MCL 750.520c(1)(e) (CSC-II).
  3. Black, M.C., Basile, K.C., Breiding, M.J., Smith, S.G., Walters, M.L., Merrick, M.T., Chen, J., & Stevens, M.R. (2011). The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS): 2010 Summary Report. Atlanta, GA: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
  4. Lisak D., Gardinier L., Nicksa SC., Cote AM. (2010). False allegations of sexual assault: an analysis of ten years of reported cases. ViolenceAgainstWomen. 2010 Dec; 16(12):1318-34.
  5. Thompson, Stephen. “SexualAssault: Perpetrator Behavior.” SexualAggression PeerAdvocates Training. SexualAggression Services . Mount Pleasant. 09/9/2011. Lecture.
  6. Fisher BS, Cullen FT, Turner MG. The sexual victimization of college women. Washington (DC): Department of Justice (US), NationalInstitute of Justice; 2000.
  7. Lisak, Miller 2002.