accommodations and adjustments are determined on an individual basis in
consultation with SDS staff who review professional documentation regarding the
disability. Students may qualify for an accommodation but may decide not to use
it within the context of a particular course or at a particular time in the
Explanation of Accommodations
Extended Time for Tests
- Typically time-and-a-half (1.5x) or double-time (2x) in rare instances.
- Does not apply to take-home tests.
- Students wishing to use this accommodation must make arrangements AT LEAST 3 BUSINESS DAYS IN ADVANCE to allow for adequate preparation time.
- For on-campus face-to-face courses, students should contact the CMU Testing Center at 989-774-1092.
- For online or remote courses, students should contact their instructor.
Quiet Area for Tests can be provided by the instructor or by the CMU Testing Center. If provided by the instructor, the quiet area should be in a location of minimal distraction and in which the student can remain throughout the test.
Reading Technology for Textbooks and Exams is software that is loaded onto the student's and/or SDS's equipment and can provide a reading alternative for texts and exams. Students should ask for training on SDS's text-to-speech software before exams in order to be prepared to use this technology during the test. Students approved for this accommodation may have to take exams in a separate location from their class, which means access to professors for questions may be limited or not available. Students should ask about this on a case-by-case basis if they are concerned.
Digital Notetaking is software that is loaded onto the student's computer, tablet and/or smartphone to digitally record lectures. This technology requires training which can be provided by SDS staff. Students may require preferred seating for recording. The recording is for their use only and may not be distributed to others.
Speech-to-Text Technology is software that is loaded onto the student's computer, tablet and/or smartphone which turns spoken word into written word. Students should ask for training on SDS's speech-to-text software before their exams in order to be prepared to use this technology during the test. Students approved for this accommodation may have to take their exams in a separate location from their class, which means access to professors to ask questions may be limited or not available. Students should ask about this on a case-by-case basis if they are concerned.
- Occasionally allowed if a student experiences complications associated with a disability which impairs their ability to attend class.
- If the student must miss class for a disability-related reason, they should notify the instructor and SDS via email as soon as possible.
- SDS staff monitor absences, but students should make arrangements with the instructor for any assignments due or tests/quizzes given during the missed class.
- If an assignment was due or a test/quiz was administered on the day of an absence, the assignment or test will be due the following class period.
- Each instructor has the right to determine their own attendance policy. Instructors who have received an accommodation letter from SDS are not required to waive attendance or participation requirements.
- The letter serves to inform the instructor that the absence(s) may be related to symptoms or treatment of a documented disability. If a medical condition may significantly impact attendance, this should be discussed as soon as possible.
Reduced Course Load is allowed in rare instances in which a student's health condition will affect their ability to maintain 15-16 credits in a semester. Students concerned about graduating on time (4-5 years) may take classes during the summer or may decide to extend the time to graduation.
Using a Laptop for Exams will be allowed if required for needed technology such as reading software or speech-to-text software. If the student's or SDS's computer is used, internet access will be disconnected during the exam. Students approved for this accommodation may have to take their exams in a separate location from their class, which means access to professors to ask questions may be limited or not available. Students should ask about this on a case-by-case basis if they are concerned.
Using a Calculator for Exams is for classes where the objective is on choosing and utilizing the correct formula and not demonstrating calculation skills.
Some accommodations which may have been granted in K-12 are not appropriate or suitable for a collegiate environment. Some examples of requests which cannot be granted by SDS are:
Study Guides is an accommodation that may have been granted in K-12 but is generally not appropriate in higher education although on occasion individual instructors do provide study guides. Studying efficiently and effectively is an acquired skill which can be learned through working with a Success Coach (Office of Student Success) or a Tutor (Office of Academic Advising & Assistance). We encourage participation with these services early in the semester for maximum benefit.
Extended Deadlines on Assignments, Projects or Papers is considered an alteration of an essential element of a course so is not allowed by SDS. Given the condensed nature of college courses as compared to high school (16 weeks vs. year) timing of assignments, papers, projects, etc. is extremely important. Allowing an extension on a paper will likely overlap with the start of other coursework which would in turn further delay the student's ability to complete that assignment and perhaps the course. A student with a disability should discuss this with his/her instructor. Some are open to extensions on a limited basis; others are not. Students having difficulty meeting deadlines can utilize the services of a Success Coach to learn better time management or may decide to reduce the course load with the understanding that time to graduation will be extended.
Alternative Assignments, Reduced Assignment Length, Reduced Reading Load are considered alterations of essential elements of a course and are not allowed by SDS. The student may discuss with his/her instructor if any of these are a possibility.
Assistance with Assignments in the form of editing, proofreading, and organizing is considered a personal service, which higher education institutions do not have to offer. Help with writing is available to all CMU students through the Writing Center and help with organization in general is available through a Success Coach (Office of Student Success).
Alternative Testing Methods such as changes in form (essay to multiple choice or vice versa) are generally considered fundamental alterations of a course and are not allowed by SDS. Minor changes such as "no scantrons" are allowed but such changes cannot interfere with the content that the instructor is trying to assess.