History of Veterans Day
World War I – known at the time as "The Great War" - officially ended when the Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28, 1919, in the Palace of Versailles outside the town of Versailles, France. However, fighting ceased seven months earlier when an armistice, or temporary cessation of hostilities, between the Allied nations and Germany went into effect on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month. For that reason, November 11, 1918, is generally regarded as the end of "the war to end all wars."
In November 1919, President Wilson proclaimed November 11 as the first commemoration of Armistice Day with the following words: "To us in America, the reflections of Armistice Day will be filled with solemn pride in the heroism of those who died in the country's service and with gratitude for the victory, both because of the thing from which it has freed us and because of the opportunity it has given America to show her sympathy with peace and justice in the councils of the nations…"
The original concept for the celebration was for a day observed with parades and public meetings and a brief suspension of business beginning at 11:00 a.m.
Armistice Day was primarily a day set aside to honor veterans of World War I, but in 1954, after World War II had required the greatest mobilization of soldiers, sailors, Marines and airmen in the Nation's history; after American forces had fought aggression in Korea, the 83rd Congress, at the urging of the veterans service organizations, amended the Act of 1938 by striking out the word "Armistice" and inserting in its place the word "Veterans." With the approval of this legislation (Public Law 380) on June 1, 1954, November 11th became a day to honor American veterans of all wars.
Veterans Day continues to be observed on November 11, regardless of what day of the week on which it falls and it is a celebration to honor America's veterans for their patriotism, love of country, and willingness to serve and sacrifice for the common good.
Excerpt from: Office of Public and Intergovernmental Affairs. (2015, July 20). History of Veterans Day. U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, https://www.va.gov/opa/vetsday/vetdayhistory.asp
A Veteran's Day Message from CMU President Bob Davies
Browse Book Titles Included in the CMU Libraries' Collection:
Selected Titles from the CMU Libraries' Collection:
- Adapt and Overcome: Essays on the Student Veteran Experience
- Bodies in Blue: Disability in the Civil War North
- Breaking Ranks: Iraq Veterans Speak Out against the War
- The civilian lives of U.S. veterans: issues and identities
- Combat trauma: a personal look at long-term consequences
- Dartmouth Veterans: Vietnam Perspectives
- Digging for Victory: Horticultural Therapy with Veterans for Post-Traumatic Growth
- Disabled Veterans in History
- Fields of Combat: Understanding PTSD among Veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan
- Greatest Generation Comes Home: The Veteran in American Society
- Guys Like Me: Five Wars, Five Veterans for Peace
- Healing journeys: study abroad with Vietnam veterans : vol. 2 of A Vietnam trilogy
- Healing Stress in Military Families: Eight Steps to Wellness
- The Hello Girls: America's first women soldiers
- In the Shadow of the Greatest Generation: The Americans Who Fought the Korean War
- Long Journeys Home: American Veterans of World War II, Korea, and Vietnam
- No one ever asked me: the World War II memoirs of an Omaha Indian soldier
- North American Indians in the Great War
- Red, White, and True: Stories from Veterans and Families, World War II to Present
- Support for servicemembers and veterans: programs addressing the effects of combat and transition to civilian life
- Tattooed on My Soul: Texas Veterans Remember World War II
- Through Veterans' Eyes: The Iraq and Afghanistan Experience
- Torchbearers of Democracy African American Soldiers in the World War I Era
- Touched by the dragon: experiences of Vietnam veterans from Newport County, Rhode Island
- Treating young veterans: promoting resilience through practice and advocacy
- Veteran Teacher Resilience: Why Do They Stay?
- Veterans in Higher Education: When Johnny and Jane Come Marching to Campus
- Veterans' Policies, Veterans' Politics: New Perspectives on Veterans in the Modern United States
- Veterans Readjusting to Civilian Life: Overview of Issues, Challenges, and Transition Assistance
- A Vietnam trilogy: veterans and post traumatic stress, 1968, 1989, 2000
- Why Veterans Run: Military Service in American Presidential Elections, 1789-2016
- Women at War