If you know the name of the author you are seeking please select the
first letter of the last name from the list of letters below.
Abbot, Elizabeth Bousfield,
Notebook, 1890, 1897-1900. Notebook entries are very brief.
Notebook on American slavery and daily account of Abbot's social life
in Bay City, Michigan, and trips in the United States and abroad.
Mss. Adkins, Nena L.,
"Slave Families: Yes or No?" CMU Student Term Paper, 1975.
African Americans in Adrian, Michigan, Scrapbook, 1869, 1940.
Scrapbook in a Rochester (NY?) ledger book with pp. 1-2
(1869) and 61-101 (scattered) (1884-1885). The back cover has the
notation, "Miss Mary Cox, Niochos Co., Kansas." The scrapbook contains
church programs; magazine articles on Marian Anderson and Joe
Louis; newspaper clippings of marriages, obituaries, musical
events, and graduations of Adrian, Michigan African Americans; and a few
letters and notes about Christmas productions from Mr. and/or
Mrs. Charles W. Lawson, who may be the compilers. Churches represented
in the scrapbook include Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church
and Second Baptist Church, both of Adrian, Michigan. No further
information is available on the Lawsons.
Mss. / 1 oversized vol. (in 1 flat box)
African Maps Collection, 1732, 1910.
Collection of 24 maps, 1732, 1910, of various size,
material, age, and quality, collected by Wilbert Wright. The maps
document a number of African countries, regions, and the routes of
explorers, including: Robert Moffat, Jean Dybowski, F. Oates, and
Heinrich Barth. Some of the maps were removed from books or atlases.
Some of the maps are undated (20th century) reproductions. Some maps
are black and white while others are colored or tinted. Maps have
text in French or English and were printed in England, the U.S. or
France. Besides maps of West, Eastern, Northwest, and Central
Africa, the nations of South Africa, Natal, Ethiopia, Egypt,
Algeria, Tunis, Morocco, Mozambique, Luzon, and Zululand are also
represented. Wilbert Wright (May 5, 1926-Nov. 19, 1980) was a
professor at Central Michigan University and a psychological counselor,
who lived and worked in Mount Pleasant, Michigan from 1970 until
his death in 1980. He was survived by his wife, Geraldine
(Benford), four sons: Brian, Phillip, Wilbert, and John, and four
grandchildren. (Information from Wright's obituary in the Mount
Pleasant Morning Sun, Nov. 20, 1980.)
An inventory is available to assist researchers.
Mss. / 1 ov. folder
American Missionary Association,
Manuscripts. Correspondance and reports from home missionaries and teachers, agents
of the Freedmen's Bureau and the Bureau of Indian Affairs in Minnesota (1847-1882),
Michigan (1847-1877), Illinois (1843-1893), and Indiana (1847-1874), concerning
education, slavery, the abolition movement, financial support for the Association, and
social, economic, and political conditions in the United States. 24 reels.
For information on the papers, see: Johnson, Clifton H.,
American Missionary Association Archives as a Source for the
Study of American History. New York: Division of Higher Education of the
United Church Board for Homeland Ministries and American
Missionary Association, 1964? Includes relevant material.
E185 .5 .J8 A64
Micro. Mss. F-46 (UNCATALOGED)
Anacostia Neighborhood Museum,
The Frederick Douglas Years, 1817-1895, [poster of
exhibition by the Anacostia Museum, Smithsonian
Institution Traveling Exhibition Service]. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian
Institution Press, 1976.
Clarke Folio E185.53.W3 A53f
Bangs, Chester H.,
Letter, Sept. 29, 1861. 2 items. Letter describing the
hardships of a soldier's life, mentions blacks and the size of the
army around Washington. Expects to be home by the new year. Includes
brief service history. Bio: Bangs, a resident of Napoleon, Michigan,
served in the 7th Michigan Infantry, Company B.
Miss. Barber, Ethel,
African Americans in Saginaw, Michigan, Scrapbook, 1913,
1949. Scrapbook, 1913, 1949, includes: photographs of her family,
friends, and herself; letters from her sons and friends who served in
World War II and her brother who served in World War I; African
American church programs from Saginaw, Michigan; and pamphlets and
articles about racial justice and black achievements, 1913, 1949. The
churches documented here include: Mt. Olive Baptist, Bethel African
Methodist Episcopal Church, and Tabernacle Baptist Church. A photograph
of the ground breaking crew at Pilgrim Baptist Church, 1948,
includes Ethel. The scrapbook has a brown cover with "Photographs"
in gold letters. The pages and some of the materials are acidic.
Ethel May Woodward married Rev. William Barber. She became a
practical nurse in 1949. Ethel attended history classes through
Central Michigan University's extension course, 1941-1949. She was
known as an accomplished musician and teacher. The Barbers lived
on N. Oakley in Saginaw in 1945. Their sons, James C. Barber and
Luvier Barber, served in World War II. One of Ethel's friends, Geraldine
Dyson, was one of the first two black women in the American Red
Cross who worked in North Africa during World War II. Harold S.
Woodward, Ethel's brother, served in World War I as a Sgt. in Co. F, 8th
Illinois, 370th Infantry.
Mss. / 1 oversized vol. (in 1 flat box)
Family Papers, 1826, 1971. Family Papers, 1827-1971 and
undated, include family correspondence, diaries, journals,
notebooks, a photograph of the family home, receipts, and miscellaneous
materials. Most of the materials relate to Dr. Thomas Blackwood or
his wife, Jane Osburn Blackwood. Dr. Blackwood materials include:
correspondence, medical note book, 1827-1832, including the diagnosis
and treatment of his patients, receipts, payments, and a list
of births, Aug. 1832-Sept. 1833, his certificate of entrance to the
Washtenaw Medical Society, June 1832, and his journal of his voyage
to California, 1849. Family correspondence tells of a Negro uprising,
June 16, 1827, and a cholera epidemic, 1849. Also included is a
Washtenaw Whig (newspaper), Sept. 1849 (Ann Arbor, Michigan), with a
copy of one of Dr. Blackwood's letters from California to his wife.
Several of his letters as well as parts of his journal were published
in the Washtenaw Whig.
Dr. Thomas Blackwood was a physician in Ann Arbor, and
later, Ypsilanti, Michigan. He practiced traditional
medicine until 1845 when he switched to homeopathic medicine. Blackwood
was hit with Gold Fever in 1849. He sailed on the Loo Choo from
New York City on March 8, 1849, arriving in San Francisco on Sept.
15, 1849. After unsuccessful attempts at prospecting, Blackwood
returned to Ann Arbor by the autumn of 1850. Bored with his
practice, he headed back to California via the overland route with his
wife, two sons, and two daughters. Shortly after setting up practice
in Sacramento, he died of malignant fever. His family then
returned to Ann Arbor.
A finding aid and index cards are available to assist researchers.
The collection is also available on two reels of positive microfilm Acc# 359 (section 3) and 444.
Mss. Clarke Files
"Frederick Douglass' Split with the Garrisonians."CMU Student Term Paper, 1970.
Bradish, Orrin H.,
Diary, 1864. 1 vol. (142 pages). Brief entries describing weather; duties; deaths; and
activities of units in the area, occasionally involving local
negroes. A brief service history is also included. Bio:
Bradish was a resident of Madison, Michigan, who served in the 18th
Michigan Infantry, Company I.
Mss. Brumels, Bruce,
"Activities of the Ku Klux Klan, and the Reporting of Them in Two Michigan
Newspapers."CMU Student Term Paper, 1962.
Papers, 1854-1899. Consists of about 1100 items, mostly
political correspondence, 1854-79, relating to the politics of the
Civil War and Reconstruction. Papers include letters received re:
politics of Civil War, Reconstruction, and anti-slavery
Republican Party radicals. Correspondents include: J. A. J. Creswell,
Marsh Giddings, George A. Custer, Lewis Cass, B. A. Wade, as well
as Abraham Lincoln, and Ulysses S. Grant. Index cards on reel 1.
Bio: U. S. Senator from Michigan and Secretary of the Interior.
Microfilm Mss. F4, 4 reels. Index cards on reel 1.
Chet (Union Soldier),
Letter, 1861 Aug 7. 1 item (3 pages). Letter written to a "friend." Relates news of
mutual acquaintances, rumors of unit reorganizations that
would allow troops to return home, estimates total Confederate
forces at 240,000, and rumors that many slaves are in the Confederate
cavalry and are escaping. Bio: Served with the 2nd Michigan
"Negro Soldier in the Civil War."CMU Student Term Paper. 1962.
Letter, Nov. 11, 1859, from Clark in Ann Arbor, Michigan, to
his unidentified sister, about family topics and abolitionist John
Family Papers, 1840, 1936. .75 cubic ft. (in 1 box). Family Papers, 1840- 1936 and
undated, of the Collet and Hall families. Topics covered
include: politics, the Civil War, and slavery. Bio: The Collet and
Hall families were joined in 1851 through the marriage of Emma Hall and
Finding aid available.
Crury, O. S.,
Letters, 1864 Mar. 2 items. Union soldier in the Civil War.
Letters to wife and children describing the daily routine, negroes
enlisting, a description of the area around Chattanooga, Tennessee, and
Currie, George E.
Papers, 1861, 1960. 3 folders. Papers include: typed
transcriptions of 12 of Currie's Civil War letters, Dec. 30,
1861-Aug. 17, 1864, from his service in the Federal Mississippi Ram
Fleet and the Mississippi Marine Brigade. His letters discuss the
fleet, various battles, the suffering of the wounded, marches, the
death of Col. Charles Ellet (June 20, 1862), various towns and
barracks, his black servant Bill, southern blacks (Nov. 28, 1862),
composition of the brigade, grounds of Benton barracks, black boathands
(June 30, 1863), U.S. Colored Troops (July 6, 1864), the wounded
on board, including civilians and women, and the nursing of
federal troops by Southern women (Aug. 16, 1864). There is a 1960 typed
draft of "Guerrilla Warfare Along Western Waters: Being Chiefly
the Experiences of George E. Currie in the Mississippi Ram Fleet and
Marine Brigade, 1861-1864" by Norman E. Clarke. Also, there is a
Nov. 30, 1960 letter from Orville L. Eaton, Head, Department of the
Library at Central Michigan University concerning the manuscript to
Harold W. Moll of Midland. The manuscript was later published under
the title Warfare along the Mississippi: The Letters of Lt.
Col. George E. Currie, edited by Norman E. Clarke, Sr., a copy of which
can be found in the Clarke Historical Library. Lastly, there is a
497 p. volume of typed letters, Sept. 10, 1863-July 6, 1864,
describing the Battle of Pea Ridge (Arkansas) and being on the U. S.
Steamers Diana and Ram Dingo. These pages begin by his agreeing
to tell his story unabridged to some "Gentlemen".
Currie was a Capt. in the 59th Illinois Volunteers, Co. F,
and joined the Federal Mississippi Ram Fleet in Dec. 1861. He
served as commander of the U.S. steamers Diana and D. J. Adams. For
further information on Norman E. Clarke, Sr., see the catalog
record of his Collection, 1920-1998.
Dunn, William Henry,
"History of the Organization and Recruitment of the 1st Michigan Colored Regiment."CMU Student Term Paper, 1966.
Papers, 1863-1943, 1861-1869. 9 items. Papers, include:
diary, transcript of diary, and genealogies. Diary discusses
health, unit movements, daily activities, negroes, and contains detailed
descriptions of scouting activities. Includes brief service
history. Born in New York State in 1819, Ely moved to Ionia County (MI)
in 1846; moved to Alma (MI) in 1854, and served with the 8th
Michigan Infantry, Company C. He rose to the rank of brigadier
general. Ely became a state senator in 1873.
Enders, Calvin W.,
Michigan Ku Klux Klan Research Papers, 1917, 1997. The
collection, 1917-1997 and undated, includes Enders' research
papers documenting the Ku Klux Klan, mostly about the Michigan Klan. The
papers include: demographics; articles Enders wrote to be
published; articles copied from other sources including books,
magazines, and newspapers; membership cards, photographic materials; and
memorabilia. Membership cards may contain census or local
election notes of Enders' or marital status, type of employment,
children, and address information on individual Klan members.
Various types of photographic images include Michigan Klan
parades, meetings, a funeral, and the Chicora KKK quilt with members'
names embroidered on it. The collection also includes a sheeted
figurine, Klan songbooks and copied articles from Klan newspapers. The
collection is very valuable in documenting individual Klan members,
both men and women, in Michigan prior to 1924. There is also
substantial documentation of the activities of local Michigan Klans. The
attempts to elect a Detroit Klan mayor in 1924 and ban private
Michigan schools are well documented, as are the financial problems and
the high profile murders committed by Klan officials that led to
the Klan's fall from political power in 1924.
Enders was born April 20, 1926 in Adrian, Michigan. He
married Betty Hilts in Adrian in 1946. He served in World War II and
later earned a B.A. from Adrian College (1949), a M.A. from the
University of Michigan (1952), and a Ph.D from Michigan State
University (1970). In 1965, "Cal" Enders joined the Central
Michigan University history department, teaching military history and
surveys in American and Michigan history until his retirement
in 1993. Dr. Enders' "Roaring Twenties" course was well known at CMU.
He was co-founder and sponsor of the Phi Alpha Theta CMU chapter with
Prof. Dennis Thavenet. Towards the end of his life he began to
research the KKK in Michigan. He published an article on the Mecosta
County Klan entitled "White Sheets in Mecosta: The Anatomy of a
Michigan Klan". He was writing a book on the Klan when he died on
Aug. 21, 1997.
A finding aid is available to assist researchers.
Ford, J. C.,
Correspondence, 1914. 1 folder. Correspondence (3 pp. typed), dated
July 20 1914, from Ford in Grand Rapids, Michigan to Gov.
Woodbridge N. Ferris. The letter describes Ford's participation at the
Education Congress held at Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, earlier
that month. Ford was appointed as Gov.
Ferris' representative to the Negro National Education
Congress. He served as Chair of the Nominations
Committee and as a member of the National Executive
Committee of the Congress. Ferris (1853-1928) taught in
New York State and Illinois before organizing Ferris
Industrial School, which eventually became Ferris State
University in Big Rapids, Michigan. He married Helen F.
Gillespie (d. 1917) in 1874 and they had three sons.
He served as Governor of Michigan, 1913-1917 and U.S.
Senator from Michigan, 1923-1928. (For further
information see Michigan Biographies, vol. 1, pp. 288-289.)
Gardner, Kearsa, and Walter Brown,
"College Days for the African-Americans in the Early 1950s and Late 1960s."CMU Student Term Paper,
Oral History Papers Collection, 1990.
Letters, 1853-1858. Resident of Battle Creek, Michigan. Three letters, one with additional typescript, to his
brother. Topics include slavery, Indians, temperance, and a detailed report on agriculture.
Gillaspie, Ira Myron Bailey,
Diary of Ira M. B. Gillaspie, Co. C, Mich. Inft., written in the army 1861-62 and 3, 1861-1958, bulk,
1861-1863. 2 items. Diary primarily relating daily activities. Discusses
illness, exhibits a negative attitude towards blacks, and has an account of the battle of Stone River
(Murfreesboro, Tennessee). Includes brief service history. Bio: Gillaspie was a resident of St. Joseph
Things for Northern Men to Do; A Discourse Delivered Lord's Day Evening, July 17, 1836, in the Presbyterian
Church, Whitesboro, NY. New York: 1836. Washington, D.C.: Microcard Editions, 1970.
Clarke Microforms, Microfiche Book 3
1 card. (Slavery source materials, no. 189)
Papers, 1863. 4 items. Served with the Union cavalry. Letters and excerpts from diary discussing cavalry
operations, gunboats, and an engagement with black troops.
Hamel, W. Glen,
"The Underground Railroad and its Activities in Michigan."CMU Student Term Paper. n.d.
Harrington, M., "'Call Every Man Your Brother': The Story of the Abolitionist Movement in
Michigan."CMU Student Term Paper. 1973.
Hitchcock, E. E.,
Correspondence, 1862. 1 folder. Letter (photostat) sent from Washington, D.C. to
"dear sister," dated Oct. 20, 1862, and the typescript. The letter describes his life as a soldier
winter quarters, conditions near battlefields, and stories about blacks. Mentions Martha Hazerd at home;
Dwight James, the sister's sweetheart; and a man named Tower in the Maryland (Infantry?), 7th Regiment. Bio:
Notes added to the transcript state that Hitchcock, a Union soldier, was killed near the Potomac River.
Dwight James survived to marry Hitchock's sister.
Hodskin, Charles Horace,
Papers, 1861, 1905. .25 cubic ft. (in 1 box). IL Papers, 1861-1905 and undated, include biographical
material, certificates, Civil War diary, and correspondence, and daguerreotypes. The Civil War materials,
1861-1864, discuss the weather; drills; skirmishes; major General A. E. Burnside's military failures; heavy
losses; U. S. Colored Troops; and marches to Bardston, Lebanon, Jamestown, and Memphis, Tennessee. Bio:
Hodskin, born on Aug. 22, 1837, moved to Battle Creek, Michigan. He served in the Michigan Infantry 2nd
Regiment during the Civil War and was eventually honorably discharged with the rank of Captain in 1864. He
died on Feb. 18, 1905, in Manistee, Michigan.
Hollands, Hulda T.,
Papers, 1859-1929. Writer on early Michigan history. Regular contributer to newspapers about local St. Clair
County history. Author of: When Michigan was New. Collection primarily consists of essays and articles by
Hollands about a wide range of topics related to early Michigan and St. Clair County history. Also includes
correspondence, scrapbooks, poetry, an abstract of title, and diaries written after her husband passed away.
Other subjects include the War of 1812 and Native Americans. Includes material on the Underground Railroad.
Hopkins, Mordecai L.,
Papers, 1855-1891, include letters by Hopkins about politics, 1855- 1860, slavery, 1857, letter to his wife,
March 1862. Letters to Hopkins from William H. Drake and T. Eastman with general Civil War news. In Mordecai
L. Hopkins Papers. Also partial letter from Ananias Worden about the draft agreement, 1863, letter to Mort
from George H. Osgood about Rebels, undated. Bio: Drake served in Company A, 3rd Michigan Infantry. He was
discharged for disability at Washington, DC, on Jan. 13, 1863 at age 28. Hopkins was a Michigan Senator from
Ottawa County, 1855-1856. No information available on Eastman or Osgood. Worden was a friend and post office
special agent under Pres. Lincoln.
Hunt, Robert G.,
Papers, 1861-1865. 2 boxes, 39 oversized folders. Papers of a Civil War U. S. Paymaster, 1861-1865 and
undated, include: account books; business and work-related correspondence; vouchers; disbursement accounts;
and returns. Also, various pay records of U. S. Colored Infantry regiments 14th, 16th, 18th, 42nd, 44th; U.
S. Infantry Regiment, 1st; U. S. Artillery Regiment, 5th; and regiments from Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kan., Ky.,
Mich., Mo., N.Y., Ohio, and Wis. Lastly, there are many oversized muster rolls, muster-out rolls, and pay
rolls for U. S. Colored Infantry regiments 14th, 18th, 44th; various units from Conn., Ill., Ind., Kan., Ky.,
Mich., Mo., N.J., Ohio, Tenn., Wis., and miscellaneous detachments. Hunt was a U. S. Paymaster during the
Civil War for Michigan Infantry units. No further information about Hunt is available.
A finding aid is available to assist researchers.
"The Underground Railroad in Michigan."CMU Student Term Paper, 1962.
Johnson, Camilla C.,
"'Look Missies, Look Massa!'"CMU Student Term Paper, 1970.
Mss. 401a-e, box 37
Johnson, Camilla C.,
"Slave Breeding as it is Handled in Books on Slavery and Negro History."CMU Student Term Paper,
Mss. 401a-e, box 37
Ku Klux Klan, Black Legion,
Collection, 1936, 1945, and Undated. Materials related to the trial and dismissal of four policemen, three
firemen, and a city councilman from Highland Park, Michigan, who were involved with the murder of Charles
" Chap" Poole on Detroit's west side in May 1936. Included are: trial testimony, sworn statements,
correspondence, photographs of the house were the murder was committed, and other materials. The councilman'
appeal eventually went as high as the Michigan Supreme Court, which upheld the lower courts "guilty
" convictions. The collection, mostly copies, was apparently collected by Earl Young, Detroit's City
Attorney, who was involved with the case, in the 1930s and early 1940s.
The Black Legion, also known as the "Wolverine Republican League," was a radical branch of the
Michigan Ku Klux Klan. Its members were pro-white, native-born Protestants who were against Jews, Blacks,
Communists, Anarchists, and Catholics. At one point there were an estimated 200,000 members in Michigan. They
were organized and led by "Colonel" Harvey Davis. Among their goals were the takeover of Michigan
government and killing a mayor.
A finding aid is available to assist researchers.
Ku Klux Klan (Mecosta County, Mich.),
Collection, 1916-1974. Collection of papers and photographic materials documenting the Mecosta County,
Michigan, Ku Klux Klan, 1916-1974 and undated, mostly 1920-1939. Included are: organizational correspondence,
membership cards, publications, forms, and photographs and a glass plate negative. The collection was created
by Lewis D. Capen, who served as the Exalted Cyclops of the Mecosta Klan No. 28, 1926-1929. He then became
Great Kaliff or Grand Titan, a leadership position over all the klans of Ionia and Mecosta counties and the
towns of Petoskey, East Jordan, Hart, Manistee, Portland, and Muskegon, Michigan, during the 1930s.
A finding aid is available to assist researchers.
Ku Klux Klan,
Miscellaneous Collection, 1924, 1929. Membership cards from Belding, Michigan, 1927, 1929?, from Kalamazoo,
Michigan, 1928, and Isabella County, undated; pamphlet
entitled "The Spirit of the Crusades as Interpreted and Revived by the American Krusaders,"
published in Arkansas, undated; membership certificate from Newaygo County, 1924; four pages of general
operational instructions for Klan meetings, undated; and a five-page speech about the Klan as a movement,
undated. This artificial collection has been compiled from various sources.
The Klan attained political and social power in Michigan
and nationally in the early 1920s. Following
political defeats in the 1924 election and financial and
criminal investigations, the power and membership of the Klan
decreased rapidly after 1924. (For
additional information see other related Klan collections at the Clarke Historical Library.)
Lake, Oliver B.,
Papers, 1891,1943, undated, include: his accounts books; a ledger; transport mileage ration cards, 1943;
materialre: the estate of E. St. Johns, 1895; business and personal correspondence, 1891, 1918-1938; charges
against a member of the Grange; and
an essay on slavery, undated.
Lake was married and served as township clerk of Eaton Rapids, Michigan, in 1894. No further information
is available on him.
A finding aid is available to assist researchers.
Le Conte, John Lawrence,
Family Correspondence, 1860, 1866. 1 folder. Four photocopied letters from and to Le Conte and his cousin,
Mathilda (Tillie) Harden, later the wife of Sumner Stevens, in
Macon, Georgia. Letters discuss politics, slaves, freedmen, economics of Southern life, and North versus
South. There is also a copy of Le Conte's biography. Bio: Le Conte (1825-1883) was recognized at home and
abroad as the greatest entomologist that America ever produced. He was married to Helen. His cousin, Mathilda
Harden, married Sumner Stevens and lived in Macon.
Lovejoy, Elijah P.,
Papers, 1804-1891, 1824-1853. Preacher, editor, abolitionist. Born in 1802 near Albion, Maine. Studied
theology at Princeton Theological Seminary in 1832. Served as preacher in St. Louis, Missouri, and became
editor of a reform newspaper, the Observer. Moved to Alton, Illinois in 1835 and established a newspaper
which met with opposition in the town. Three of his presses were destroyed by mobs. Died in 1837 while
defending his fourth press.
Includes correspondence, sermons, lectures, newspapers, newsclippings, and family memorabilia originated by
or related to Lovejoy and his family. Collection bulks with correspondence (1824-1853) and concerns
abolition, temperance, religion, and theology.
Finding aid available in repository.
1 microfilm reel; 35 mm.
Clarke Microforms / MICROFILM MSS F
Manninen, John R.,
"The Detroit Riot of 1863."CMU Student Term Paper, n.d.
Masten, Pamela M.,
"The American Colonization Society, 1848-1854."CMU Student Term Paper, 1970.
Diary/Poem, 186u. 1 folder. Letter, dated January 24 (during the Civil War),
from "Mike," describing the endurance of Michigan men in the war. The reverse side of the letter
has a war poem in which five men from Co. H of the 6th Michigan Infantry are mentioned, including: Horace
Herridon or Henderson, George Perrine, George W. Charter, George W. Jones, and Royal H. King. Photocopies of
McCormick's and their service records are included. Bio: McCormick, from Charlotte (Eaton County, Michigan),
enlisted and was mustered in Co. H, 6th Michigan Infantry in Aug. 1861 at Charlotte at age 25. He was wounded
in action in May 1863. He was discharged to accept a commission as 2nd Lt. in the 99th U. S. Colored
Infantry. He was mustered out and honorably discharged in May 1865. The other men were all from Eaton County
and all members of the 6th Michigan Infantry, Company H. All but Perrine died of disease in 1862.
"Attitudes of Michigan Newspapers on Negro Suffrage in Michigan, 1867-1868."CMU Student Term Paper,
Nyman, Lloyd C.,
Michigan and the Republican Convention of 1860, 1960. Resident of Grosse Pointe Woods, Michigan. Paper about
the Chicago Republican convention of 1860. Issues include the nomination of Abraham Lincoln, and slavery.
"Michigan Attitudes on Racial Reconstruction, 1865-1868."CMU Student Term Paper, 1963.
Regester, Dagne Bernice Andersen,
Papers, 1963, 1973. Family papers include four elementary school art books, undated, and a notary public
certificate for Regester, dated Sept 5, 1963. There is a photocopy of a special election notice to fill
Congressman Gerald Ford's seat when he became vice-president, Dec. 7, 1873. Also, there are two stories
written about and in the style of the Brer Rabbit stories, undated. One is a four-page notebook, entitled
"Brer Ba'r Plays: a Joke on Brer Rabbit." The other is five loose pages entitled "Brer Rabbit
Laughing Place (condensed)". Both stories are handwritten in pencil. She was a friend of Dr. Norman E.
Clarke, Sr., and lived in Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Mss. / 1 folder
"Michigan Churches' Views on Slavery and Politics in the Pre-Civil War Period."CMU Student Term
Richfield Anti-Slavery Society (Medina County, Ohio),
Constitution, 1836, 1840. 1 folder. The constitution includes a Preface which states the reasons why the
society is against slavery, laws, goal (abolition of slavery), meeting times, and list of members. A list of
19 members and officers is attached. Brief annual meeting minutes list officers elected only for Dec. 6,
1837, Dec. 1838, Dec. 1839, and Dec. 1840. A separate (later, undated) note suggests that member Samuel J.
Brown was a relative of the infamous John Brown who attacked Harper's Ferry in 1859, thereby becoming a
martyr for the cause of abolition.
The society was formed and adopted its constitution on Jan. 20, 1836. It was an auxiliary to the Medina
County [Ohio] Anti-Slavery Society.
Rogers, Alonzo Romeyn,
Papers, 1861, 1885. 1 folder. IL Papers, include a partial diary, dated Oct.-Dec. 1861; a photograph,
possibly a tintype, of Rogers in uniform; letters to/from friends and family, dated Feb. 11, 1862-Jan. 4,
1885; and an undated note about a slave sale. The note lists a boy, age 12 ($205), a woman, age 40, and a
child, age 4 ($267), a woman and five children ($1,069), a woman ($220), and two men ($750). The
correspondence includes a letter to "Dear Father," dated Feb. 22, 1862, from Alonzo in Somerset
about news from home; a letter to "Dear Father" from Alonzo in Lexington, Kentucky, dated Feb. 18,
1862, describing the fall of New Orleans, Louisiana, and Savannah, Georgia; women helping soldiers in
hospitals, and concerts to benefit the sick; a letter to "Dear Father" from Rogers in Nashville,
Tennessee, dated March 17, 1862, describing the scorn of citizens for soldiers, that he visited the Capitol,
saw Andrew Johnson, Gen. Thomas, and Col. Steedman, sketched forts, and needed shirts; a letter to Mr.
Rodgers from Fred Dahn, Co. E, 2nd Kentucky Regiment from a camp on the battlefield of Pittsburg Landing,
Tennessee, from April 18, 1862, about the battle; a letter to "Sister" from Alonzo in a camp
opposite Chattanooga, Tennessee, dated Nov. 6, 1863, describing rain, homesickness, constant skirmishes,
food, and leaving for Bridgeport; a letter to "Friend Nellie" from Rogers in Louisville, Kentucky,
dated July 17 and 19, 1864, about more Rebels, constructing forts, and expecting an invasion. There are two
undated Civil War letters to "Dear Father" from Rogers, one from Philippi, West Virginia, dated
June 21, 186-, about food rations and one dated June 21, 186-, also from Philippi, Headquarters, 14th
Regiment, OVM (Ohio Volunteer Militia?), about the regiment taking Rebel prisoners and losing Ohio men as
prisoners of war. There is also a letter to "Friend Nellie," dated January 6, 1864 from D. W.
Persons, Co. D., 4th Ohio Volunteer P. (Patrol?), 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 15th Artillery Corps, about
memories and Bridgeport. Letters after the war include those from Mrs. Eliza B. Kimball, Columbus, Ohio,
dated May 25, 1873, to Alonzo about the death of his father; a letter to Alonzo in Toledo, Ohio, from H. R.
Lyle in Titusville, Pennsylvania, dated April 26, 1875, about land for sale; and a generic letter from Alonzo
to his unnamed son, dated Jan. 4, 1885, on letterhead of the Toledo Electric Company with Rogers listed as
Superintendent. Bio: Rogers was an officer in the 14th Ohio Infantry during the Civil War and Superintendent
of the Toledo Electric Company after the war.
Roth, Stephen T.,
Papers, 1936, 1944-1979, and undated. Include: biographical materials; photocopies of court transcripts,
correspondence, and newspaper clippings regarding the Circuit Court of Appeals (of Michigan); notes and
correspondence about elections and court reform; correspondence of the Criminal Investigation Division (World
War II); Flint Hungarian Relief Committee correspondence and newspaper clippings; correspondence and minutes
of the Michigan Judges Association--Court Administration Committee; newspaper clippings and news releases
about his life and court cases; personal correspondence, newspaper clippings, and photographs; correspondence
from the Sixth Judicial Circuit Court (of Michigan) with Justice Warren Burger; Roth's speeches, many about
Michigan judges and legal issues; various certificates of Roth's appointment to the Seventh Judicial Circuit
Court and election. The collection suffers from some mold and mildew problems and should be used with care by
Roth was born April 21, 1908 in Hungary. He received a Ph.B degree from the University of Notre Dame in
1931 and a J.D. degree from the University of Michigan in 1935. He served in the U.S. Army, Criminal
Investigations Division, in North Africa and Italy, 1943-1945. Roth served as the Assistant Prosecuting
Attorney of Genesee County, 1937-1938; Prosecuting Attorney of Genesee County, 1941-1942; Attorney General,
State of Michigan, 1949-1950; and Circuit Court judge of Michigan, 1952-1962. He was appointed by President
John F. Kennedy as U.S. District judge of the Eastern District of Michigan on May 7, 1962, in which position
he served until his untimely death in 1974. He is best remembered as the judge who ordered the Detroit school
desegregation, which included major cross-district busing in Detroit in 1972. Because of his ruling he was
referred to as "the most unpopular man in Detroit." He ruled that the Detroit Board of Education
was operating a de jure (by law) segregated school system. The original case was brought against the Detroit
Board of Education by the NAACP. Roth died on July 11, 1974. He was married and had five children.
A finding aid is avaiable to assist researchers.
Spencer, Stanley W.,
"Lewis Cass: His Policy Toward Slavery in the Territories During the Presidential
Election of 1848."CMU Student Term Paper, 1970.
"Abstract of References to the Negro and Anti-slavery Activities in Michigan as Found in
the Liberator, 1845-1858."CMU Student Term Paper, 1964.
"The Issue of Slavery in Michigan Reported by the Liberator, 1846-1858."CMU Student Term Paper,
Family Papers, 1839-1942, undated. Include: biographical materials, 1928-1929; correspondence, 1895-1935;
legal papers, 1839-1866; autograph albums, 1878, 1880-1882, 1885-1889; photographs and miscellaneous,
1883-1897 and undated; school reports, 1880-1881; and (teaching) certificates, 1879-1883 and 1890-1911. Most
of the correspondence is to Minnie and Clara Ellen Starr from their nephew, Jack. Photographs document
several generations of the Starr family, Dennis and Nancy Quick, and the Hammer family, the first black
family in Royal Oak, Michigan. The Orson Starr family moved from NY (State) to Royal Oak in 1831, to engage
in the manufacturing of cowbells. A son, Almon, later established a brick manufacturing firm. His son, Edwin
(1854-1929) became a florist and seed experimenter. He married Mary Salisbury, with whom he had eight
children: Minnie, George, Elon, John, William, Clara Ellen, Rhoda, Arthur, and Allen. All of Edwin's
daughters became professional educators. Edwin later married Carrie Bingham. Nancy A. Quick married into the
family. (Information from Royal Oak: Our Living Legend, 1787-1940 and Portrait and Biographical Album of
Oakland County, Michigan.)
A finding aid is available to assist researchers.
Sterkel, David A.,
"Michigan Newspapers and the Negro Suffrage Question of 1850."CMU Student Term Paper, 1970.
Stevens, Edward J., et. al,
Edward J. Stevens Papers. Manuscripts. Covers multiple subjects, including slavery.
Micro. Mss. G-25 UNCATALOGUED
Ossian Sweet Murder Trial Scrapbook, 1925.
Scrapbook and photocopy of the Nov. 1925 murder trial of Ossian Sweet. Dr. Ossian Sweet and eleven others,
all African Americans, including his wife, were charged with the murder of a white man, Leon Breinek, who was
killed on Sept. 9, 1925 during the course of a neighborhood protest about the Sweets moving into a previously
all white neighborhood in Detroit, Michigan. The trial, which was held in the Recording Court of Michigan,
was presided over by Judge Frank Murphy, prosecuted by Robert Toms, and defended by Clarence Darrow in one of
his last cases, ended in a hung jury. A second trial in 1926 ended in Sweet's acquittal. This was a major
trial for Civil Rights in Michigan. For further information see Frank Murphy, the Detroit Years (1975) by
Prof. Sidney Fine. For further information on Toms, see his Speeches, made on the occasion of his retirement
in 1960, also in the Clarke Historical Library.
2 folders. Photocopy of scrapbook.
Townsend, Edward D.,
United States Colored Troops Circulars, 1864. Printed circulars include: #60 (Aug. 1, 1864) re: surveying
troop members as to whether or not they were free men by April 19, 1861; #49 (June 28, 1864) re: method to
fill vacant officer positions; and #26 (March 21, 1864) re: mustering reports. A photocopy of Townsend's
biography is included.
Townsend was Assistant Adjutant General during the Civil War. He was a graduate of the U. S. Military
Academy (1837) and served in the Florida War as a Lt. Col. In 1861 he was promoted to Colonel. From Nov. 1861
to March 1862 he served in the Adj. Gen.'s Office. He was promoted to Acting Adj. Gen. of the Army on March
23, 1862. He retired in 1880. (For further information see his biography in the Civil War Dictionary.)
Mss. /1 folder
Wadsworth, Albert O.,
Account and Journal Books, 1850, 1901. 7 vol. Vol. 1 (1850-1861) has addresses of Lt. Henry (Harry) S.
Wadsworth of the United States Colored Troops, 65th. Vol. 2 (1861-1865) has accounts, 1861-1864, and journal
entries, July 6, 1861-July 5, 1865. Vol. 3 (1861-1864) has accounts of Harry Wadsworth's U. S. bonds for
Civil War service. Bio: Henry was probably a white officer in the USCT. Albert was a farmer.
Whittier, John Greenleaf,
Papers, 1829, 1892. Collection includes: .75 cu.ft. of original correspondence, mostly to Whittier, 1829-1890
and undated, approx. .5 cu.ft. of typed transcripts of the same, about 20 folders of his poems, writings,
biographical materials, memorials, and correspondence by Whittier, 1835-1859, and miscellaneous, 1849-1892
and undated. Of particular note are his correspondence with Charles A. Dana, Ralph W. Emerson, Oliver W.
Holmes, Lydia Maria Child, Dorothea Dix, Henry W. Longfellow, Henry B. Stanton, and Frances E. Willard,
regarding poems and abolition. There are also ten letters to Whittier from his brother, Matthew F. Whittier,
and several letters from his sister, Elizabeth Whittier, and other relatives.
Whittier is called the "fireside Poet". He was born on Dec. 17, 1807 in Massachusetts. His first
poem was printed in 1826. In 1827-1828 while teaching school he had his first prose article published and
edited the American Manufacturer, a political paper. In 1831 his first book was published. In 1833 his
abolitionist articles began to be published. He was elected to the Massachusetts legislature in 1835. He was
active as a Quaker abolitionist politician and lobbyist in New York, Pennsylvania, and Massachusetts. After
the publication of his poem "Snow-bound"in 1866, nearly every volume he published was a best
seller. He died on Sept. 7, 1890, recognized in his lifetime as one of America's foremost poets. The Clarke
also has numerous books and poems written about or by Whittier.
A detailed finding aid is available to assist researchers.
Box 3 is an incomplete item-level index.
Mss. and MICROFILM MSS F-18
Letter, Nov 9, 1810. Lived in Steubenville, Ohio; appointed Receiver of Public Monies for the Sale of Land in
the Northwestern Reserve. Detailed description of Steubenville, including price lists, business
opportunities, population, available goods, and slavery. Also includes description of Wheeling, West
Mss. Collection. UNCATALOGUED. See Archivist.