Afro-Americans
  • Bangs, Chester H. Letter, 1861 Sept. 29. 2 items. Letter describing the hardships of a soldier's life, mentions blacks and the size of the army around Washington. Expects to be home by the new year. Includes brief service history. Bio: Bangs, a resident of Napoleon (MI), served in the 7th Michigan Infantry, Company B.
  • Bradish, Orrin H. Diary, 1864. 1 vol. (142 pages). Brief entries describing weather; duties; deaths; and activities of units in the area, occasionally involving local negroes. A brief service history is also included. Bio: Bradish was a resident of Madison (MI) who served in the 18th Michigan Infantry, Company I
  • Chet (Union Soldier). Letter, 1861 Aug 7. 1 item (3 pages). Letter written to a "friend." Relates news of mutual acquaintances, rumors of unit reorganizations that would allow troops to return home, estimates total Confederate forces at 240,000, and rumors that many slaves are in the Confederate cavalry and are escaping. Bio: Served with the 2nd Michigan Infantry.
  • Crury, O.S. Letters, 1864 Mar. 2 items. Letters to wife and children describing the daily routine, negroes enlisting, a description of the area around Chattanooga, TN, and local women. Bio: Union soldier in the Civil War.
  • Ely, Ralph, 1819-1893. Papers, 1863-1943, 1861-1869. 9 items. Papers, include: diary, transcript of diary, and genealogies. Diary discusses health, unit movements, daily activities, negroes, and contains detailed descriptions of scouting activities. Includes brief service history. Born in New York State in 1819, Ely moved to Ionia County (MI) in 1846; moved to Alma (MI) in 1854, and served with the 8th Michigan Infantry, Company C. He rose to the rank of brigadier general. Ely became a state senator in 1873.
  • 7. Diary of Ira M. B. Gillaspie Co C Mich Inft writen in the arme 1861-62 and 3, 1861-1958, bulk, 1861-1863. 2 items. Diary primarily relating daily activities. Discusses illness, exhibits a negative attitude towards blacks, and has an account of the battle of Stone River (Murfreesboro, TN). Includes brief service history. Bio: Gillaspie was a resident of St. Joseph County, MI
  • Hadley, L. Papers, 1863. 4 items. Letters and excerpts from diary discussing cavalry operations, gunboats, and an engagement with black troops. Bio: Hadley served with the Union cavalry.
  • Hitchcock, E. E. Correspondence, 1862. 1 folder. Letter (photostat) sent from Washington (D.C.) to "dear sister," dated Oct. 20, 1862, and the typescript. The letter describes his life as a soldier, winter quarters, conditions near battlefields, and stories about blacks. Mentions Martha Hazerd at home; Dwight James, the sister's sweetheart; and a man named Tower in the Maryland (Infantry?), 7th Regiment. Bio: Notes added to the transcript state that Hitchcock, a Union soldier, was killed near the Potomac River. Dwight James survived to marry Hitchock's sister.
  • Hodskin. Charles Horace, 1837-1905. Papers, 1861, 1905. .25 cubic ft. (in 1 box). IL Papers, 1861-1905 and undated, include biographical material, certificates, Civil War diary, and correspondence, and daguerreotypes. The Civil War materials, 1861-1864, discuss the weather; drills; skirmishes; major General A. E. Burnside's military failures; heavy losses; U.S. Colored Troops; and marches to Bardston, Lebanon, Jamestown, and Memphis (TN). Bio: Hodskin, born on Aug. 22, 1837, moved to Battle Creek (MI). He served in the Michigan Infantry 2nd Regiment during the Civil War and was eventually honorably discharged with the rank of Captain in 1864. He died on Feb. 18, 1905, in Manistee (Mich.).
  • Le Conte, John Lawrence, 1825-1883. Family Correspondence, 1860, 1866. 1 folder. Four photocopied letters from and to Le Conte and his cousin, Mathilda (Tillie) Harden, later the wife of Sumner Stevens, in Macon (Ga.). Letters discuss politics, slaves, freedmen, economics of Southern life, and North versus South. There is also a copy of Le Conte's biography. Bio: Le Conte (1825-1883) was recognized at home and abroad as the greatest entomologist that America ever produced. He was married to Helen. His cousin, Mathilda Harden, married Sumner Stevens and lived in Macon (Ga.).
  • Townsend, Edward D., 1817-1893. United States Colored Troops Circulars, 1864. 1 folder. Printed circulars include: #60 (Aug. 1, 1864) re: surveying troop members as to whether or not they were free men by April 19, 1861; #49 (June 28, 1864) re: method to fill vacant officer positions; and #26 (March 21, 1864) re: mustering reports. A photocopy of Townsend's biography is included. Bio: Townsend was Assistant Adjutant General during the Civil War.