Subject Index- R
​​RAC​E
ARMITAGE, Kevin C. “Commercial Indians: Authenticity, Nature, and Industrial Capitalism in Advertising at the Turn of the Twentieth Century,” 29:2, 71-95.
 
BHALLA, Vibha. “Detroit and Windsor as Transnational Spaces: A Case Study of Asian Indian Migrants,” 34:2, 99-116.
 
BILES, Roger. “A Mormon in Babylon: George Romney as Secretary of HUD, 1969-1973,” 38:2, 63-89.
 
BURNS, Andrea. “Waging Cold War in a Model City: The Investigation of ‘Subversive’ Influences in the 1967 Detroit Riot,” 30:1, 3-30.
 
CAPECI, Dominic J. Jr. and Martha Wilkerson. “The Detroit Rioters of 1943: A Reinterpretation,” 16:1, 49-72.
 
CLIFTON, James A. “Michigan’s Indians: Tribe, Nation, Estate, Racial, Ethnic, or Special Interest Group?” 20:2, 93-152.
 
COX, Anne-Lisa. “A Pocket of Freedom: Blacks in Covert, Michigan, in the Nineteenth Century,” 21:1, 1-18.
 
DYE, Keith. “The Black Manifesto for Reparations in Detroit: Challenge and Response, 1969,” 35:2, 53-83.
 
ENDERS, Calvin. “Under Grand Haven’s White Sheets,” 19:1, 47-61.
 
ENDERS, Calvin. “White Sheets in Mecosta: The Anatomy of a Michigan Klan,” 14:2, 59-84.
  
FINE, Sidney. “‘A Jewel in the Crown of All of Us’: Michigan Enacts a Fair Employment Practices Act, 1941-1958,” 22:1, 19-66.
 
FINE, Sidney. “Michigan and Housing Discrimination, 1949-1968,” 23:2, 81-114.
 
GENSER, Wallace. “‘Habitants,’ ‘Half-Breeds,’ and Homeless Children: Transformations in Métis and Yankee-Yorker relations in Early Michigan,” 24:1, 23-28.
  
GLESNER, Anthony Patrick. “Laura Haviland: Neglected Heroine of the Underground Railroad,” 21:1, 19-48.
 
GOLD, Kenneth M. “‘We just don’t want to keep on going to useless meetings’: Community Organizing at Detroit’s Jefferson Junior High School, 1966-1967,” 32:1, 97-121.
 
GOUVEIA, Grace Mary. “‘We Also Serve’: American Indian Women’s Role in World War II,” 20:2, 153-182.
 
GRAY, Susan E. “Limits and Possibilities: White-Indian Relations in Western Michigan in the Era of Removal,” 20:2, 71-91.
  
HENTHORN, Thomas. “A Catholic Dilemma: White Flight in Northwest Flint,” 31:2, 1-42.
 
HEPBURN, Sharon A. Roger. “Following the North Star: Canada as a Haven for Nineteenth-Century American Blacks,” 25:2, 91-126.
 
JELKS, Randal M. “Making Opportunity: The Struggle against Jim Crow in Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1890-1927,” 19:2, 23-48.
 
KERSTEN, Andrew E. “Jobs and Justice: Detroit, Fair Employment, and Federal Activism during the Second World War,” 25:1, 76-101.
 
MUMFORD, Jeremy. “Mixed-Race Identity in a Nineteenth-Century Family: The Schoolcrafts of Sault Ste. Marie, 1824-27,” 25:1, 1-23.
 
MURAGE, Njeru. “Making Migrants an Asset: The Detroit Urban League-Employers Alliance in Wartime Detroit, 1916 to 1919,” 26:1, 67-104.
 
PARK, Laurel. “Planting the Seeds of Academic Excellence and Cultural Awareness: The Michigan-Tuskegee Exchange Program,” 30:1, 117-131.
 
PETERS, Bernard C. “Hypocrisy on the Great Lakes Frontier: The Use of Whiskey by the Michigan Department of Indian Affairs,” 18:2, 1-13.
 
REED, Christopher Robert. “Organized Racial Reform in Chicago During the Progressive Era: The Chicago NAACP, 1910-1920,” 14:1, 75-99.
 
REID, John B. “‘A Career to Build, a People to Serve, a Purpose to Accomplish’: Race, Class, Gender, and Detroit’s First Black Women Schoolteachers, 1865-1916,” 18:1, 1-27.
 
RIDDLE, David. “Race and Reaction in Warren, Michigan, 1971-1974: Bradley v. Milliken and the Cross-District Busing Controversy,” 26:2, 1-49.
 
SHELLY, Cara L. “Bradby’s Baptists: Second Baptist Church of Detroit, 1910-1946,” 17:1, 1-33.
 
SMITH, Kevin D. “From Socialism to Racism: The Politics of Class and Identity in Postwar Milwaukee,” 29:1, 71-95.
 
SMITH, Michael O. “Raising a Black Regiment in Michigan: Adversity and Triumph,” 16:2, 23-41.
 
TRASK, Kerry A. “Settlement in a Half-Savage Land: Life and Loss in the Métis Community of La Baye,” 15:1, 1-27.
 
VARGAS, Zaragosa. “Life and Community in the ‘Wonderful City of the Magic Motor’: Mexican Immigrants in 1920s Detroit,” 15:1, 45-68.
 
RAILROADS
HERSHOCK, Martin J. ‘“Free Commoners by Law’:  Tradition, Transition, and the Closing of the Range in Antebellum Michigan,” 29.2, 97-123.
 
MEINTS, Graydon M. “The Fruit Belt Line: Southwest Michigan’s Failed Railroad,” 31:2, 117-148.
 
OLENDER, Robert. “A Legacy of Limitation: Thomas M. Cooley, Public Purpose, and the General Welfare,” 33:1, 1-26.
 
Real Estate (see Land and usage)
 
REFORM
BALTAKIS, Anthony. “On the Defensive: Walter Reuther’s Testimony before the McClellan Labor Rackets Committee,” 25:2, 47-68.
 
BILES, Roger. “A Mormon in Babylon: George Romney as Secretary of HUD, 1969-1973,” 38:2, 63-89.
 
BLACK, Joel E. “A Crime to Live Without Work: Free Labor and Marginal Workers in Industrial Chicago, 1870 to 1920,” 36:2, 63-93.
 
BORDEN, Timothy G. “‘Toledo Is a Good Town for Working People’: Richard T. Gosser and the UAW’s Fight for Pensions,” 26:1, 45-65.
 
BRACE, Joanna V. “The Power of Porch Talks: The Civic Improvement Society of Monroe, Michigan, 1901 to 1914,” 27:2, 1-31.
 
BURTON, Shirley J. “Obscene, Lewd, and Lascivious: Ida Craddock and the Criminally Obscene Women of Chicago, 1873-1913,” 19:1, 1-16.
 
DEMPSEY, Dave. “Perry Bullard: Liberal Lawmaker, 1972-1992,” 29:1, 97-117.
 
DODGE, L. Mara. “‘Our Juvenile Court Has Become More Like a Criminal Court’: A Century of Reform at the Cook County (Chicago) Juvenile Court,” 26:2, 51-89.
 
DYE, Keith. “The Black Manifesto for Reparations in Detroit: Challenge and Response, 1969,” 35:2, 53-83.
 
FERMAGLICH, Kirsten. “The Social Problems Club Riot of 1935: A Window into Antiradicalism and Antisemitism at Michigan State College,” 30:1, 93-115.
 
FOSS-MOLLAN, Kate. “Waiting for Water: Service Discrimination and Polish Neighborhoods in Milwaukee, 1870-1910,” 25:2, 29-45.
  
GLESNER, Anthony Patrick. “Laura Haviland: Neglected Heroine of the Underground Railroad,” 21:1, 19-48.
 
GOLD, Kenneth M. “‘We just don’t want to keep on going to useless meetings’: Community Organizing at Detroit’s Jefferson Junior High School, 1966-1967,” 32:1, 97-121.
 
GOODIER, Susan. “The Price of Pacifism: Rebecca Shelley and Her Struggle for Citizenship,” 36:1, 71-101.
 
HATTER, Lawrence B. A. “The Transformation of the Detroit Land Market and the Formation of the Anglo-American Border,” 34:1, 83-99.
 
JELKS, Randal M. “Making Opportunity: The Struggle against Jim Crow in Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1890-1927,” 19:2, 23-48.
 
KARRER, Robert N. “The Formation of Michigan’s Anti-Abortion Movement, 1967-1974,” 22:1, 67-107.
 
KERSTEN, Andrew E. “Jobs and Justice: Detroit, Fair Employment, and Federal Activism during the Second World War,” 25:1, 76-101.
 
KEVE, Paul W. “Building a Better Prison: The First Three Decades of the Detroit House of Correction,” 25:2, 1-28.
 
MORRIS-CROWTHER, Jayne. “Municipal Housekeeping: The Political Activities of the Detroit Federation of Women’s Clubs in the 1920s,” 30:1, 31-57.
 
PARK, Laurel. “Planting the Seeds of Academic Excellence and Cultural Awareness: The Michigan-Tuskegee Exchange Program,” 30:1, 117-131.
 
PARKER, Kathleen R. “‘To Protect the Chastity of Children Under Sixteen’: Statutory Rape Prosecutions in a Midwest County Circuit Court, 1850-1950,” 20:1, 49-79.
 
REED, Christopher Robert. “Organized Racial Reform in Chicago During the Progressive Era: The Chicago NAACP, 1910-1920,” 14:1, 75-99.
 
ROBYNS, Marcus and Carrie Fries. “The Battle for Shared Governance: The Northern Michigan University Chapter of the American Association of University Professors, 1967 to 1976,” 28:2, 1-41.
 
SHOCKLEY, Megan Taylor. “Working for Democracy:  Working-Class African-American Women, Citizenship, and Civil Rights in Detroit, 1940-1954,” 29.2, 125-157.
 
SMITH, Kevin D. “From Socialism to Racism: The Politics of Class and Identity in Postwar Milwaukee,” 29:1, 71-95.
 
STEIN-ROGGENBUCK, Susan. “A Contest for Local Control: Emergency Relief in Depression-Era Michigan,” 26:2, 91-126.
 
TAP, Bruce. “‘The Evils of Intemperance Are Universally Conceded’: The Temperance Debate in Early Grand Rapids,” 19:1, 17-45.
 
THAVENET, Dennis. “The Michigan Reform School and the Civil War: Officers and Inmates Mobilized for the Union Cause,” 13:1, 21-46.
 
VAN ELLS, Mark D. “More Than a Union: The Teaching Assistants Association and Its 1970 Strike against the University of Wisconsin,” 25:1, 103-124.
  
VILES, Debra A. “Disabilities of Marriage: Gender and Law in Antebellum Michigan,” 28:1, 1-31.
 
WHEELER, Leigh Ann. “From Reading Shakespeare to Reforming Burlesque: The Minneapolis Woman’s Club and the Women’s Welfare League 1907-1930,” 25:1, 44-75.
 
ZIEWACZ, Lawrence. “Thomas W. Palmer: A Michigan Senator’s ‘Masterly Argument’ for Women’s Suffrage,” 26:1, 31-43.
 
RELIGION
BOWES, John P. “The Gnadenhutten Effect: Moravian Converts and the Search for Safety in the Canadian Borderlands,” 34:1, 101-117.
 
BOYEA, Earl. “The North Dorr Church Property Dispute,” 16:2, 75-90.
 
CASSIDY, Michelle. “‘The More Noise They Make’: Odawa and Ojibwe Encounters with American Missionaries in Northern Michigan, 1837-1871,” 38:2, 1-34.
 
CLEMMONS, Linda. “‘Our Children are in danger of becoming little Indians’: Protestant Missionary Children and Dakotas, 1835-1862,” 25:2, 69-90.
 
DOUMA, Michael. “Memory and the Myth of Albertus C. Van Raalte: How Holland, Michigan, Remembers Its Founding Father,” 36:2, 36-61.
 
GODZAK, Roman P. “Archives of the Archdiocese of Detroit,” 23.1, 126-133.
 
HÄDERLE, Irene. “Women and Lay Activism: Aspects of Acculturation in the German Lutheran Churches of Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1870-1917,” 25:1, 25-43.
 
HARROLD, Philip. “‘A Mess of Pottage’: The Debate Over Religious Pluralism at the University of Michigan, 1944-1948,” 24:2, 37-55.
 
HENTHORN, Thomas C. “A Catholic Dilemma: White Flight in Northwest Flint,” 31:2, 1-42.
 
KARRER, Robert N. “The Formation of Michigan’s Anti-Abortion Movement, 1967-1974,” 22:1, 67-107.
 
LAIPSON, Peter. “And the Walls Came Crumbling Down: The Michigan School of Religion, 1920-1930,” 21:2, 93-123.
 
PETERS, Bernard C. “Indian-Grave Robbing at Sault Ste. Marie, 1826,” 23:2, 49-80.
 
PFLUG, Melissa A. “Politics of Great Lakes Indian Religion,” 18:2, 15-31.
 
SHELLY, Cara L. “Bradby’s Baptists: Second Baptist Church of Detroit, 1910-1946,” 17:1, 1-33.
 
SWIERENGA, Robert P. “Decisions, Decisions: Turning Points in the Founding of Holland,” 24:1, 49-72.
 
THALMANN, Maureen. “A Millenarian Family: Uriah Adams and a Private Second Coming,” 28:2, 173-180.
 
TUCKER, Patrick M. “From Fallen Timbers to the British Evacuation of Detroit, 1794-1796: The Roman Catholic Priest Who Was a British Agent,” 37:1, 41-76.
 
WILLIG, Timothy D. “Prophetstown on the Wabash: The Native Spiritual Defense of the Old Northwest,” 23:2, 115-158.
 
WILSON, Brian. “The Spirit of the Motor City: Three Hundred Years of Religious History in Detroit,” 27:1, 21-56.
 
WOLF, James C. “The Midwest Capuchin Province of St. Joseph, Michigan: Its History and Its Archives,” 27.1, 137-154.
 
REMOVAL ACT OF 1830
FIERST, John T. “Rationalizing Removal: Anti-Indianism in Lewis Cass’s North American Review Essays,” 36:2, 1-35.
 
REPUBLICAN PARTY
BACHELDER, Chris. “Crashing the Party: The Ill-Fated 1968 Presidential Campaign of Governor George Romney,” 33.2, 131-162.
 
BILES, Roger. “A Mormon in Babylon: George Romney as Secretary of HUD, 1969-1973,” 38:2, 63-89.
 
BRATT, Peter. “A Great Revolution in Feeling: The American Civil War in Niles and Grand Rapids, Michigan,” 31:2, 43-66.
 
BRATT, Peter A. “Renewing a Grand Center: Postwar Planning in Grand Rapids, Michigan: 1949 to 1959,” 36:2, 127-158.
 
DRUTCHAS, Geoffrey G. “Gray Eminence in a Gilded Age: The Forgotten Career of Senator James McMillan of Michigan,” 28:2, 79-113.
 
HERSHOCK, Martin J. “Copperheads and Radicals: Michigan Partisan Politics during the Civil War Era, 1860-1865,” 18:1, 29-69.
 
HOLLI, Melvin G. “Emil E. Hurja: Michigan’s Presidential Pollster,” 21:2, 125-138.
 
JENNINGS, Richard P. “Rhetorical Analysis of Chase S. Osborn’s 1910 Primary Campaign for Governor,” 17:2, 35-75.
 
JOHNS, Andrew L. “Achilles’ Heel: The Vietnam War and George Romney’s Bid for the Presidency, 1967-1968,” 26:1, 1-29.
 
MALTZ, Earl M. “Radical Politics and Constitutional Theory: Senator Jacob M. Howard of Michigan and the Problem of Reconstruction,” 32:1, 19-32.
 
MCDAID, William. “Kinsley S. Bingham and the Republican Ideology of Antislavery, 1847-1855,” 16:2, 43-73.
 
MEIJER, Hank. “Arthur Vandenberg and the Fight for Neutrality, 1939,” 16:2, 1-21.
 
MEIJER, Hank. “Hunting for the Middle Ground: Arthur Vandenberg and the Mackinac Charter, 1943,” 19:2, 1-21.
 
ZIEWACZ, Lawrence. “Thomas W. Palmer: A Michigan Senator’s ‘Masterly Argument’ for Women’s Suffrage,” 26:1, 31-43.
 
REPUBLICANISM
HARRIS, Marc L. “The Meaning of Patriot: The Canadian Rebellion and American Republicanism, 1837-1839,” 23:1, 33-70.
 
JOHNS, Andrew L. “Achilles’ Heel: The Vietnam War and George Romney’s Bid for the Presidency, 1967-1968,” 26:1, 1-29.
 
RESERVATIONS (Native American)
CLIFTON, James A. “Michigan’s Indians: Tribe, Nation, Estate, Racial, Ethnic, or Special Interest Group?” 20:2, 93-152.
 
FIERST, John T. “Rationalizing Removal: Anti-Indianism in Lewis Cass’s North American Review Essays,” 36:2, 1-35.
 
FRIDAY, Matthew J. “Morality vs. Legality: Michigan’s Burt Lake Indians and the Burning of Indianville,” 33:1, 109-123.
 
GILLS, Bradley J. “Navigating the Landscape of Assimilation: The Anishnabeg, the Lumber Industry, and the Failure of Federal Indian Policy in Michigan,” 34:2, 57-74.
 
PEARCE, Margaret Wickens. “The Holes in the Grid: Reservation Surveys in Lower Michigan,” 30:2, 135-165.
 
RIBBON FARMS
TEASDALE, Guillaume. “Old Friends and New Foes: French Settlers and Indians in the Detroit River Border Region,” 38:2, 35-62.
 
RIOTS
BURNS, Andrea. “Waging Cold War in a Model City: The Investigation of ‘Subversive’ Influences in the 1967 Detroit Riot,” 30:1, 3-30.
 
CAPECI, Dominic J. Jr. and Martha Wilkerson. “The Detroit Rioters of 1943: A Reinterpretation,” 16:1, 49-72.
 
FERMAGLICH, Kirsten. “The Social Problems Club Riot of 1935: A Window into Antiradicalism and Antisemitism at Michigan State College,” 30:1, 93-115.
 
RIVER RAISIN
TUCKER, Patrick M. “From Fallen Timbers to the British Evacuation of Detroit, 1794-1796: The Roman Catholic Priest Who Was a British Agent,” 37:1, 41-76.
 
TUCKER, Patrick M. and Laurel E. Heyman. “Welcome to Hard Times: Two French Merchants and Militiamen in the Detroit River Region during the War of 1812,” 38:1, 53-81.
 
ROGERS, ROBERT
WIDDER, Keith R. “The 1767 Maps of Robert Rogers and Jonathan Carver: A Proposal for the Establishment of the Colony of Michilimakinac,” 30:2, 35-76.
 
ROMNEY, GEORGE
BACHELDER, Chris. “Crashing the Party: The Ill-Fated 1968 Presidential Campaign of Governor George Romney,” 33.2, 131-162.
 
BILES, Roger. “A Mormon in Babylon: George Romney as Secretary of HUD, 1969-1973,” 38:2, 63-89.
 
JOHNS, Andrew L. “Achilles’ Heel: The Vietnam War and George Romney’s Bid for the Presidency, 1967-1968,” 26:1, 1-29.
 
RIDDLE, George. “HUD and the Open Housing Controversy of 1970 in Warren, Michigan,” 24:2, 1-36.
 
RURAL MICHIGAN
BARILLAS, William. “Michigan’s Pioneers and the Destruction of the Hardwood Forest,” 15:2, 1-22.
 
COX, Anne-Lisa. “A Pocket of Freedom: Blacks in Covert, Michigan, in the Nineteenth Century,” 21:1, 1-18.
 
HOEFFERLE, Caroline. “‘Just at Sunrise’: The Sunrise Communal Farm in Rural Mid-Michigan, 1971-1978,” 23:2, 71-104.
 
HOUDEK, John T. and Charles F. Heller, Jr. “The Emergence of Prosperous Farmers and Businessmen in Nineteenth-Century Kalamazoo County, Michigan,” 37:2, 53-78

NYGREN, Joshua. "A Producer's Republic: Rural Zoning, Land Use, and Citizenship in the Great Lakes Cutover, 1920-1940," 40:1, 1-26.

ROSS, G. Alexander. “Fertility Change on the Michigan Frontier: Saginaw County, 1840-1850,” 12:2, 69-85.
 
SHAPIRO, Aaron. “Promoting Cloverland: Regional Associations, State Agencies, and the Creation of Michigan’s Upper Peninsula Tourist Industry,” 29:1, 1-37.
 
STEIN-ROGGENBUCK, Susan. “A Contest for Local Control: Emergency Relief in Depression-Era Michigan,” 26:2, 91-126.
 
WILKSHIRE, Steven C. “Markets and Market Culture in the Early Settlement of Ionia County, Michigan,” 24.1, 1-22.
 
YOUNKER, Mary Mason. “‘I Was Some What Disappointed’: Expectations of Love in Rural Michigan, 1862-1869,” 21:1, 1-36.

​RURAL ZONING
NYGREN, Joshua. "A Producer's Republic: Rural Zoning, Land Use, and Citizenship in the Great Lakes Cutover, 1920-1940," 40:1, 1-26.