Skip navigation

Biographical Cards

Editors' Notes

The Helen Collar Biographical Papers are arranged aphabetically:

(Click on any letter)

Editor's Notes


















Q (No entries)




U (No entries)



X (No entries)

Y (No entries)



Editors' Notes

  • The information is written on approximately 1300 5 x 7 index cards which are each labeled with a family name. Because of the large Irish population there are many cards with the same surnames. The editors have arranged these entries alphabetically by surname, then by first name. The original order of the cards within the boxes has been preserved; however, some rearrangement of the entries has been necessary.
  • It is clear that information was entered over a period of many years, but isn't always obvious which information is first. Sometimes the author asked questions and then later answered them. This can often be determined by the different writing style or pen. Researchers are encouraged to examine the original manuscript if possible, in addition to this transcript.
  • Strikethroughs are in the original.
  • Brackets [ ] are used by the editors for clarity; italics within the brackets are editors' comments and not those of Ms. Collar.
  • L and T are sometimes difficult to distinguish, as well as G, D, and I.
  • Often names are spelled in more than one way, sometimes due to differences found in the records the author consulted. The editors have reproduced the spellings as found in the original manuscript.
  • All question marks are the work of the Ms. Collar, unless in brackets.
  • Punctuation has been added for clarity.
  • Where the author used ditto marks, the editors have written out the word.
  • The collection includes some duplicate entries which were not repeated in the typescript.
  • The author used the word over to indicate information continued on the back of the card. This word was not included in the typescript.
  • Gall is often used as an abbreviation for Gallagher, and sometimes Gill for Gillespie.
  • Where the author used arrows to connect information the editors have indicated this in a footnote.
  • The author used several people as sources. These names are noted at the beginning of the information attributed to that source. For instance, "Maria", " Lawrence," and "Protar." Several written sources were used, for example, Northern Michigan, History of the GrandTraverse Region, and Milwaukee Journal.
  • There are frequent references to page numbers, but it cannot always be determined what they reference. These page numbers are commonly found at the top of the index card.
  • The words By and Before often appear at the top of a card, followed by a date. The author means that the family arrived on Beaver Island by this date or before this date.

CMU is an AA/EO institution, providing equal opportunity to all persons, including minorities, females, veterans, and individuals with disabilities.
Copyright Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, Mich. 48859 | Phone 989-774-4000 | Privacy Policy | Website Feedback | Desktop View