Skip navigation

Chronology of Ireland

432 [A.D.] - St. Patrick sent as Bishop

563 - Columban went to Iona

795 - 1 st appearance of Norsemen ( Dublin) - raids continued [for] 200 years

1002 - Brian Boru became King of Ireland

1014 - Battle of Clontarf - Brian won but died

1103 - last effort by Danes when they landed & were repulsed

1166-75 - Anglo-Norman invasion; Dermot, King of Leinster went to Henry for help -

"Strongbow;" winter of '71-72 Henry there.

After 1225 - the O'Neills & the O'Donnells rose in Ulster

1318 - Bruce defeated & killed

1333-1399 - Anglo-Irish in control ___ against English - the English Pale established.

The old Gaelic civilization badly shattered in the 13 th cent., recovered strength in the 14 th.

Took the side of York in the Wars of the Roses & Henry VII was to them a usurper. With

Henry the VIII & the Reformation the Anglo-Irish & the Gaelic-Irish united in opposition.

Destruction of monasteries helped unite them.

1556 - policy of plantation 1 st established

1569 - Elizabeth [I] excommunicated

1594-1603 - Tyrone War (south had been pacified by 1579)

Revolt und[er] Red Hugh O'Donnell, the hero of Gaelic Ireland; Hugh O'Neill -

Earl of Tyrone joined Red Hugh Kinsale - 1603 & flight of the earls - end

of Gaelic Ireland.

1607 - Flight of the Earls Tyrone & ______ - O'Neill & O'Donnell & 100 other chiefs. Celtic Ulster became most British province.

?-1616 - Four Masters - swan song of Gaelic world - last of Gaelic Brehons - poets &

historians for 2000 years.

1613 -15 - Parliament (Irish) ratified the Ulster Plantation _____

1641 - general uprising under Owen Roe O'Neill, who returned from Spain (nephew of Hugh

O'Neill - earl who had fled - he had been at Kinsale at age 15

1646 - Owen Roe won at Benburb; he died in 1649

1649 - Cromwell victorious at Drogheda - bloodbath

1652 - final capitulation at Galway - flight of the "Wild Geese"

Plantation by Cromwell (for soldiers as well as lords); ordered former owners to

Connaught.

1660 - Charles restored some lands, but only to Protestants

1685 - James - Talbot (Catholic viceroy)

1688 - bloodless revolution

1689 - William landed in Ireland

1690 - Battle of the Boyne

1691 - Limerick capitulated - Tyrconnell died

1702-15 - Penal Codes passed - against Presbyterians of north also, tho not as harsh; tithes to

rival church

1771 - O'Connell born

1782 - Relief Bill - Catholics could purchase land & have their own schools

1798 - Rebellion - Tone

1800/1801 - Union

1803 - Emmett (really just a Dublin street riot)

1805 - Catholic Assoc.? formed - Daniel O'Connell joined

1823 - O'Conn. started his movement for Catholic emancipation; country brought to verge of

revolution

1829 - Catholic Emancipation; act passed removing main Catholic disabilities. O'Connell

turned to Repeal (member of Parliament for Clare); meeting at Tara, 500,000

present

1838 - paid tithe with rent

1838 - 1 st steamship crossing

1843 - meeting called for at Clontarf (Brian Boru's battle); O'Connell & mass meetings

demanding Repeal

1844 - O'Connell released

1845 - Devonshire report

1844 - disease attacks the potato crop in America(?)

1845 - potato famine

1846 - total failure of crop; fever epidemic

1847 - fall - shooting of landlords; emigration - lowest classes; O'Connell died

1848 - emigration - better classes; insurrection - Rebellion of Young Ireland - Tipperary - 30

rebels dead

1849 - cholera

1850 - agitation began for land reform

1855 - reform at N.Y. - Castle Garden

1863 - formation of Fenian movement in America (achieving [Home Rule] by force)

1868 - State church disestablished

1870 - Formation of Home Rule Party by Isaac Butt (trying to achieve Home Rule by

constitutional methods)

1879 - Land League established by Michael Davitt; Charles Parnell, leader. He took over

agitation for H. Rule by constitutional methods.

1881 - Land Act conceded 37's - Fair Rent - Free sale. Fixity of tenure.

1886 - Gladstone's 1 st Home Rule Bill - mild but rejected by Parliament (supported by Parnell)

1891 - Parnell died

1893 - Gladstone's 2 nd Home Rule [Bill] passed House, rejected by Lords

1900 - Sinn Fein Party organized by Arthur Griffith

1912 - Asquith's Home Rule Bill passed by House, rejected by Lords (included Ulster who

[resisted? resigned?])

1914 - Bill passed with outbreak of [World] War [I]

1916 - Rebellion became guerilla war

1921 - gave Dominion status