432 [A.D.] - St. Patrick sent as Bishop
563 - Columban went to Iona
795 - 1 st appearance of Norsemen ( Dublin) - raids continued [for] 200 years
1002 - Brian Boru became King of Ireland
1014 - Battle of Clontarf - Brian won but died
1103 - last effort by Danes when they landed & were repulsed
1166-75 - Anglo-Norman invasion; Dermot, King of Leinster went to Henry for help -
"Strongbow;" winter of '71-72 Henry there.
After 1225 - the O'Neills & the O'Donnells rose in Ulster
1318 - Bruce defeated & killed
1333-1399 - Anglo-Irish in control ___ against English - the English Pale established.
The old Gaelic civilization badly shattered in the 13 th cent., recovered strength in the 14 th.
Took the side of York in the Wars of the Roses & Henry VII was to them a usurper. With
Henry the VIII & the Reformation the Anglo-Irish & the Gaelic-Irish united in opposition.
Destruction of monasteries helped unite them.
1556 - policy of plantation 1 st established
1569 - Elizabeth [I] excommunicated
1594-1603 - Tyrone War (south had been pacified by 1579)
Revolt und[er] Red Hugh O'Donnell, the hero of Gaelic Ireland; Hugh O'Neill -
Earl of Tyrone joined Red Hugh Kinsale - 1603 & flight of the earls - end
of Gaelic Ireland.
1607 - Flight of the Earls Tyrone & ______ - O'Neill & O'Donnell & 100 other chiefs. Celtic Ulster became most British province.
?-1616 - Four Masters - swan song of Gaelic world - last of Gaelic Brehons - poets &
historians for 2000 years.
1613 -15 - Parliament (Irish) ratified the Ulster Plantation _____
1641 - general uprising under Owen Roe O'Neill, who returned from Spain (nephew of Hugh
O'Neill - earl who had fled - he had been at Kinsale at age 15
1646 - Owen Roe won at Benburb; he died in 1649
1649 - Cromwell victorious at Drogheda - bloodbath
1652 - final capitulation at Galway - flight of the "Wild Geese"
Plantation by Cromwell (for soldiers as well as lords); ordered former owners to
1660 - Charles restored some lands, but only to Protestants
1685 - James - Talbot (Catholic viceroy)
1688 - bloodless revolution
1689 - William landed in Ireland
1690 - Battle of the Boyne
1691 - Limerick capitulated - Tyrconnell died
1702-15 - Penal Codes passed - against Presbyterians of north also, tho not as harsh; tithes to
1771 - O'Connell born
1782 - Relief Bill - Catholics could purchase land & have their own schools
1798 - Rebellion - Tone
1800/1801 - Union
1803 - Emmett (really just a Dublin street riot)
1805 - Catholic Assoc.? formed - Daniel O'Connell joined
1823 - O'Conn. started his movement for Catholic emancipation; country brought to verge of
1829 - Catholic Emancipation; act passed removing main Catholic disabilities. O'Connell
turned to Repeal (member of Parliament for Clare); meeting at Tara, 500,000
1838 - paid tithe with rent
1838 - 1 st steamship crossing
1843 - meeting called for at Clontarf (Brian Boru's battle); O'Connell & mass meetings
1844 - O'Connell released
1845 - Devonshire report
1844 - disease attacks the potato crop in America(?)
1845 - potato famine
1846 - total failure of crop; fever epidemic
1847 - fall - shooting of landlords; emigration - lowest classes; O'Connell died
1848 - emigration - better classes; insurrection - Rebellion of Young Ireland - Tipperary - 30
1849 - cholera
1850 - agitation began for land reform
1855 - reform at N.Y. - Castle Garden
1863 - formation of Fenian movement in America (achieving [Home Rule] by force)
1868 - State church disestablished
1870 - Formation of Home Rule Party by Isaac Butt (trying to achieve Home Rule by
1879 - Land League established by Michael Davitt; Charles Parnell, leader. He took over
agitation for H. Rule by constitutional methods.
1881 - Land Act conceded 37's - Fair Rent - Free sale. Fixity of tenure.
1886 - Gladstone's 1 st Home Rule Bill - mild but rejected by Parliament (supported by Parnell)
1891 - Parnell died
1893 - Gladstone's 2 nd Home Rule [Bill] passed House, rejected by Lords
1900 - Sinn Fein Party organized by Arthur Griffith
1912 - Asquith's Home Rule Bill passed by House, rejected by Lords (included Ulster who
1914 - Bill passed with outbreak of [World] War [I]
1916 - Rebellion became guerilla war
1921 - gave Dominion status