Capt. Donald Campbell to Col. Henry Bouquet
Donald Campbell [ -1763] joined Major Robert Rogers on the
expedition to receive the surrender of Detroit. He was made Commander of
Detroit and the Upper Lakes posts in December, 1760. He became second
in command when Major Henry Gladwin was made Commander at Detroit in
August of 1862. When Pontiac beseiged the Fort in 1763 Campbell was
taken hostage and was killed by the Indians in revenge for the death of
one of their warriors.
I wrote you in my last of our arrival and taking Possession
of this Place which I hope did find you at Pittsburgh, tho I see by
yours to Major Rogers you had not left Presqu' Isle the 7th
of last month, we are obliged to you for dispatching Morris he came here
in twenty three days some of the Four damag'd but the Ammunition safe
Capt. Waite has brought us only thirty three Barrils of Pork which he
says is all Major Walters could spare him, this is a great Relief to us.
Major Rogers after sending off all the different Partys has only left
me Flour to victual our Party to the seventeenth Inclusive, thirty
Barrils of Pork & eleven Bullocks.
Mr. Navarre who is a most excellent man has undertaken to
furnish us with twenty thousand weight of flour at least one hundred
Bushels of Peas as much Indian Corn as we shall want we are to pay the
same the King of France used to doe, which comes to fifty shillings
sterling the hundred weight of Flour.
The Indians have undertaken to furnish venison of all kinds
at moderate Rates as they are scarce of Ammunition, that will last till
March, I hope we shall be able to make it out till spring, they say we
could send Batteaux to Presqu' Isle towards the latter end of March if
there were Provisions there - It will be necessary to send us a supply
of Ammunition from Pittsburgh how soon it can be done - We have only now
eight hundred weight of Powder in store after sending off all the
Partys. Major Roberts people have great demand for every thing, Indeed
they have left me quite bare - The Major is sett out for Michilimakinac
to bring away the Garrison, in our situation it was impossible to send a
Garrison, if he passes the Bay of Saginaw, before the Frost overtakes
her he may get there if not he will be obliged to return. The commandant
of Michillimakinac they say is gone with his small Garrison to winter
with the Indians for want of Provisions, he only has a few soldiers -
Lieut Butler of the Rangers is gone to take off the Garrison of Miamis
Ochialanon, as Mr. Butler speaks French and seems very Intelligent, he
has got orders to maintain the Post of Miamis if it be possible with a
few men during the winter. It is of great importance to this place, it
is the other head of the Miamis and from that there is a carrying Place
of nine miles into the waters of Ouabache and it would prevent a
surprize in the Spring. We have given Mr. Butler a good quantity of
Ammunition and some Indian goods.
I refer you to Capt. Crochan for our Indian affairs - I
shall have a great trouble in that Department. The French have a
different manner of treating them from us. The four nations that live in
the environs of Detroit are as much under the commandant as the
Inhabitants and come for every thing they want. I have told my situation
to General Monckton, I have nothing to give them and French left us
very little in their Stores only meer trifles indeed they left us five
hundred weight of good Powder, which was more than I expected. You
should encourage Traders from Pittsburgh as much as possible this winter
we cannot persuade the People to go there with their horses, they are
only acquainted with travelling in Canoes.
The Fort is very large and in good Repair, there are two
Bastions towards the water, and a large fast Bastion towards the inland
the point of the Bastion is a Cavalier of wood on which there are
mounted the three pounders and three small mortars, or cochons. The
Pallisadoes are in good order. There is a Scaffolding round the whole
which is only floored towards the Land for want of Plank, it is by way
of a Blanket. There are seventy or eighty houses in the fort laid out in
regular streets, the Country is inhabited ten miles at each side of the
river, and is a most beautiful country. The River is here about nine
hundred yards over, and very deep, and every thing in good Plenty before
this last year.
They have granted every thing I have desired of them in
Quartering our Troops I have put them on the same footing as in our
Collonies. I must tell you I have not had one complaint against our
Soldiers since we have been here - noe Rum that is the Reason.
There are Salt Pitts here if we had Kettles we could make as
much as would serve this Garrison, and the upper Posts with very little
A small Post at the little Lake or Sandusky would be of
great use for the communication with Pittsburgh - it is only thirty
Leagues from this, and they can goe from this to that all the winter;
but to goe round by land the one end of the Lake is very bad road for
horses in winter.
It will be necessary to send an express with my Letters to
General Monckton, and if he is gone on any other service to send in to
General Amherst, if you could send us any Bullocks but I am affraid it
is too late in the season, but the Ammunition is absolutely necessary
and next to that goods for the Indians. I shall be glad to hear from you
how soon it is possible, I shall be able to give more Intelligence
about the country in a short time. I have not had time to converse with
the Inhabitants M.C. Commandant est une personne de consequence plus quo
un de nos gouverneur's de Province. Pray how doe like Mr. Bellestre he
was very sorry to leave this place, I do not wonder of it.
I beg you would remember us.
I am with the greatest Respect
Your most obedient
From: BOUQUET PAPERS. Michigan Pioneer and Historical Collections. 19 (1892]: 46-48.
Dictionary of Canadian Biography 3: 95-96.
Burton, Clarence M. City of Detroit, Michigan 1701-1922. Detroit: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co. 5 volumes. 1: 118-119.