David Jones (1736-1820) was a Baptist clergyman. "He was born May
12, 1736, in White Clay Creek Hundred, Newcastle Country, Delaware, and
after studying divinity at Hopewell, New Jersey, became pastor of the
Freehold Baptist Church. In 1772 and 1773 he went on a missionary tour
among the Indians in the Ohio country and upon his return he published
an account of his adventures in the form of a Journal. When the
Revolutionary War broke out he took such an active part on the Whig side
that he became obnoxious to his Tory neighbors, and was compelled to
leave Freehold. He thereupon settled as pastor of the Great Valley
Baptist Church in Chester county, Pa.,but his heart was in the great
struggle for independence and he entered the army as chaplain in 1777
and continued in service until peace was declared. He was chiefly
attached to General Wayne as chaplain, and being near neighbors they
were very intimate. When Wayne, after St. Clair's defeat, took command
of the United States Legion, he had his friend appointed chaplain, and
although the affair of Newman caused an estrangement, it was only
temporary. So patriotic was Mr. Jones that when the late war (1812) was
declared he again offered his services as chaplain, and officiated,
although he was then in his 77th year." [MPHC 8:392-3]
September 24. We had to cross over Stony Point, and brought
around the canoe, and after breakfast we set out to turn the last point,
and with much labor, and with difficulty, we completed our object, and
before night we camped on a point of the main land, having passed more
dangers than ever I wish to see again. We were now about eighteen miles
September 25. Set out and landed about three miles below the
town, where we shaved and changed our clothes. The wind rising very
high, we were obliged to walk to town, leaving the soldiers with our
goods, and Major Henfry sick, who came next morning. Through the care of
that God who has preserved me all my life, I came safe and enjoyed the
happiness of seeing General Wayne in a good state of health. I lodged at
Mr. Abbott's. The lady is a daughter of Samuel Bartlow, formerly of the
city of Philadelphia.
September 26, 27, 28, 29 and 30. I remained at Mr. Abbott's,
not being able to obtain quarters. I had a hint that by some means
General Wayne was displeased with me, and all his conduct confirms the
case; but on what account I know not. However, I am resolved to return
October 1. Remained in the same place.
October 2. Preached to the troops in the citadel. In the
afternoon I crossed the river and preached to a few people met at Mr.
October 3. Returned to Detroit, but felt unhappy. I knew General Wayne was offended with me but knew not the cause of it.
October 4. Wrote my letter to the General, No. 1, and on the 5th received an answer. On the 10th wrote No. 2, and on the same day received an answer in which he invited me to breakfast with him next day.
October 11. After breakfast the General went and brought a
number of papers. One gave him offense. It was written by Mr. Harrison
at the falls of Ohio. The contents were a report of a Robert Newman, by
which he criminated General Wayne and General Wilkinson in the campaign
of 1794, by saying he did not desert to the enemy, but was sent in by
them, for they had sold the army to the enemy.
I gave a true statement of the whole affair, but he blamed me for letting General Wilkerson know anything on the subject.
October 12. Dined with Mr. Abbott, and Dr. Brown was one of the guests. In the evening an English gentleman came to my lodging.
October 13. Dr. Ballman, his companion, arrived.
October 14. Dined at headquarters.
October 15 and 16. At home.
October 16. Was very rainy. I preached none.
October 17. At home all day.
October 18. Took breakfast and dinner at home. This day I
drew up a certificate for General Wayne respecting Robert Newman and
read it to him, but it was necessary after some conversation to make
October 19. Took breakfast at home.
October 20. Dined at headquarters.
October 22. Dined with Thomas McKee, son of Colonel McKee.
October 23. Preached.
October 30. Being Lord's day, preached in the council house.
November 1. Dined at headquarters.
November 2. Settled with Caleb Swan, P.M.G., to the last day
of October, 1796, forage rations and pay. He paid me two hundred and
November 3. Left Detroit for Saginaw.
From: EXTRACTS FROM THE ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT JOURNAL OF
THE REV. DAVID JONES, A.M., CHAPLAIN OF THE UNITED STATES LEGION, UNDER
MAJOR-GENERAL WAYNE, DURING THE INDIAN WARS OF 1794-5-6. Michigan Pioneer and Historical Collections 8 (1886): 394-395.
Bald, F. Cleaver. When Detroit Joined the U.S.A. Detroit Historical Society Bulletin 1965 22 (3): 4-8.
Porter, Phil. Stars and Stripes over Michigan: The American Occupation of Detroit and Mackinac Island in 1796. Michigan History Magazine 1996 80 (4): 10-17.