Aller, Wilma F. "Aboriginal Food Utilization of Vegetation by the
Indians of the Great Lakes Region as Recorded in the Jesuit Relations."
Wisconsin Archeologist 35 (September 1954): 59-73.
Discusses the vegetation probably evident at the time of Jesuit activity
and points out the Indian uses of the botanical enviroment.
Armour, David A. "An Indian View of Michigan History." Michigan History 67 (May/June 1983): 17-22.
Speech of Okactau, Ottawa Chief, July 7, 1818.
Baerreis, David A. "Chieftainship Among the Potawatomi: An
Exploration of Ethnohistoric Methodology." Wisconsin Archeology 54
(September 1973): 114-143.
The ethnohistoric evidence cited leaves no doubt as to the recognition of two types of chiefs.
Bailey, Bea. "Ottawa Elders Praised." Indian Talk 3 (January 1976): 14-15.
The work of the Oral Indian History Project.
Baird, Elizabeth Therese. "Reminscences of Early Days at Mackinac." Wisconsin Historical Collections 14 (1898): 17-64.
Baird recounts much of interest about the Native Americans at Mackinac.
Baird, Mrs. H. S. "Indian Customs and Early Recollections." Wisconsin Historical Collections 9 (1880-1882): 303-326.
Granddaughter of Madame Therese Schindler of Mackinaw. Her
account includes Indian customs, Legend of the Red Swan, reminiscences
of Mackinaw and Green Bay and the Indian massacre at Prairie du Chein.
Barndow, Victor. "A Chippewa Mide Pirest's Description of the Medicine Dance." Wisconsin Archeologist 41 (December 1960): 77-97.
An informant at Lac du Flambeau described the preparations a
person makes to join the Midewiwin, as well as ritual activities that
take place during the Medicine Dance.
Bauman, Robert F. "The Ottawa Trading System." Northwest Ohio Quarterly 36 (Summer 1964): 146-167; 36 (Spring 1964): 60-78.
The Ottawas were the masters of trade in the Great Lakes area. Bauman describes their activities.
Bowen, Robert N. "Plants and the American Indian." Dearborn Historian 11 (Spring 1971): 43-54.
Plant use in the Great Lakes area.
Classen, Mikel B. "Drums of the Earth." Above the Bridge 9 (Fall 1993): 36-37.
A brief description of pow-wows.
Crippen, Jim. "Indian Pasties." Indian Talk 2 (August 1975): 32.
"Customs of Ojibwa Indian Burial of the Lake Superior Region Before 1850." Above the Bridge 9 (Fall 1993): 23-24.
Courtesy of the Baraga Tourism Council.
Densmore, Frances. "Dakota and Ojibwe People in Minnesota." Roots 5 (Winter/Spring 1977): 2-55.
Chapters on homes, clothing, food, travel, industries, picture writing and children.
Devens, Carol Green. "Anishnabek Childhood: Nineteenth and
Early Twentieth Centuries." Michigan Historical Review 20 (Fall 1994):
The Anishnabek managed to continue many older practices and
lifeways, teaching their children older customs, rituals, lessons and
Dickson, Kenneth R. "Tradition of the Ottaway Indians by
Benjamin Franklin Stickney." Northwest Ohio Quarterly 71 (Summer/Autumn
While researching Stickney's life the author discovered this
manuscript, written by Stickney in 1825, documenting the history and
culture of the Ottawa.
Dustin, Fred. "Indian Pipes Collected in Saginaw County,
Michigan." Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters
14 (1931): 35-45. (Fitting Mss Box 4)
Describes the various pipes collected by Dustin.
Erickson, Sue. "Powwow: The Circle of Life." Lake Superior Magazine (August/September 1995): 22-27.
Native Americans invite the public to celebrate life and the bounty of the region.
Ford, R. Clyde. "The Indian as an Orator." Michigan History 6 (1922): 515-535.
Speeches of Pontiac, Little Elk, Black Hawk, Logan, Red Jacket.
Francis, Shirley. "The Ojibwa Religion: A Way of Life." Indian Talk 1 (November 1973): 4-5.
Ceremonies at the Clarence Gillespies' home, Branch, Michigan.
Garrad, Charles. "Beaver Island and the Indian God." Journal of Beaver Island History 3 (1988): 13-18.
Garrad, Charles. "Some Notes on the Ojibwa (Chippewa) of the Beaver Islands." Journal of Beaver Island History 3 (1988): 7-11.
Gilmore, Melvin R. "Some Chippewa Uses of Plants." Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters 17 (1932): 119-143.
(Fitting Mss Box 5)
The information in this paper was obtained by interviews with
Chippewas in Pinconning and Lapeer Michigan and Sarnia, Ontario.
Gringhus, Dirk. "Indian Costume at Mackinac: Seventeenth and
Eighteenth Century." Mackinac History 2 (1972): 12 pages (Fitting Mss
Leaflet describes and illustrates the costumes of Mackinac
Indians from the time of the earliest European contact until 1800.
Hilger, Sister M. Inez. "Naming a Chippewa Indian Child." Wisconsin Archeologist 39 (June 1958): 120-126.
An account given to Hilger by John E. Kingfisher.
Hinsdale, Wilbert B. "Indian Corn Culture in Michigan."
Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters 7 (1927):
Michigan Indians were dependent on hunting and on agriculture.
Hinsdale, W. B. "Religion at the Algonquian Level." Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters 5 (1925): 15-27.
Changes in religious conceptions may be traced through animatism, anthropomorphism, polytheism to monothesism.
Holman, Margaret and Kathryn C. Egan. "Maple Sugaring." Michigan History 74 (March/April 1990): 30-35.
Maple sugaring has played a valuable role in the Native American lifestyle.
Huntwork, Jane Ettawageshik. "Indian Medicinal Herbs." Michigan-Out-Of-Doors 32 (April 1978): 34-35.
Various herbs used by the Ottawa Indians for their medicinal value.
"Indian Games." Wisconsin Then and Now 11 (March 1965): 1-3.
Lacrosse, Bowl and Dice, Snow Snake, and Cat's Cradle are discussed.
"Indian Signatures." Family Trails 2 (Fall 1969): 49-50.
1809 names and marks.
Kewley, M. J. "Sacred Food: The Chippewa Ricing Tradition." Lake Superior Magazine (September 1993): 26-31.
Beyond the mere task of harvesting the wild rice, Lake
Superior Chippewa perform an act of faith as they gather the rice.
Kilmer, Diane G. H. "Traditional Native American Ideals Woven
into Modern Life of Young Couple." Mt. Pleasant Magazine (February
Elizabeth and Jefferson Bellew are living out ancient Native American values in Mt. Pleasant 2002 society.
Krenble, Carol. "The Huron Feast of the Dead." Michigan Sportsman 5 (November/December 1980): 48-49.
The Feast of the Dead is described as it was held in 1636 and observed by de Breuf.
Lalemont, Jerome. "The Festival of the Dead." Michigan Archaeologist 4 (July 1958): 35-39.
Account of the Jesuit Lalemont who was present at the ceremony in 1642.
Liles, Joe. "A Traditional Wedding." News From Indian Country 11 (Mid March 1997): 3B+.
Midewin wedding ceremony.
McKee, Russell. "Brown Sugars from Red Men." Michigan Conservation 28 (March/April 1959): 10-15.
Accounts indicate that the Indians of the lake states knew and
used maple syrup a long time before the first white explorers came to
McKee, Russell. "Out of the Ages, the Canoe." Michigan Conservation 28 (July/August 1959): 10-15.
History of the canoe.
Mason, Philip P. "Michigan's First Outdoorsmen." Michigan Conservation 39 (March/April 1960): 40-45; 39 (May/June 1960): 26-29.
Describes the hunting, fishing and agriculture of Michigan's Indian tribes.
Mendoza, Kathy. "Ghost Suppers." Torch Magazine (Autumn 1986): 26.
Native Americans hold annual Ghost Suppers to honor their departed relatives.
Mertz, Connie. "Deer Hunt - Indian Style." Michigan Hunting and Fishing 11 (September 1993): 118-122.
There is much to learn from those early hunters.
Otto, J. Foster. "Punishment Among Indians." Michigan Archaeologist 3 (March 15, 1957): 7-8.
Murder trial near Detroit as related to him by Otto's father.
Peters, Bernard C. "Moon Names of the Presque Isle (Marquette) Band of Chippewa." Above the Bridge 7 (Fall 1991): 25-28.
Indians kept track of the months by observing the moon. This
article examines the names given to the moons (months) by the Chippewa
Indians who lived in the Marquette area.
Peters, Bernard C. "Wa-Bish-Kee-Pe-Nas and the Chippewa Reverence for Copper." Michigan Historical Review 15 (Fall 1989): 47-60.
Investigates the religious ideas about copper held by the Native Americans living on the shores of Lake Superior.
Quimby, George I. "Some Notes on Kinship and Kinship
Terminology Among the Potawatomi of the Huron." Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters 25 (1939): 553-563. (Fitting Mss
The kinship data presented in this paper was obtained from
five informants among the Huron band of the Potawatomi in Calhoun
Ritzenthaler, Robert. "The Chippewa Indian Method of Securing
and Tanning Deerskin." Wisconsin Archeologist 28 (March 1947): 6-13.
Discusses the methods used.
Rohrl, Vivian J. "The Drum Societies in a Southwestern Chippewa Community." Wisconsin Archeologist 49 (September 1968): 131-137.
Drum dances at Mille Lacs Lake, Minnesota in 1963-1964.
Salzer, Robert J. "Bear-Walking: A Shamanistic Phenomenon
Among the Potawatomi Indians in Wisconsin." Wisconsin Archeologist 53
(September 1972): 110-146.
The description of bear walking contained in this report represents the analysis of data from three informants.
Smith, Beverly P. "The Use of Animals at the 17th Century
Mission of St. Ignace." Michigan Archaeologist 31 (December 1985):
Relationship between animals and the Indian people who relied on them at the Mission of St. Ignace.
Smith, Jeff. "Peshawbestown: An Indian Community Striking a Balance." Traverse the Magazine 1 (August 1981): 16-19.
Peshawbestown is a small Indian community on the Leelanau
Peninsula. It's Ottawa/Chippewa residents feel that keeping their Indian
traditions alive while succeeding in the dominant culture which
surrounds them is crucial to their survival.
Strawser, Patsy. "Native American Revives Ancient Art of Healing." Eberly's Michigan Journal (March/April 1983): 6-7+.
Bill Nelson didn't learn he was Indian until he was grown. The
knowledge set him on a path that has led him to the preservation of the
timeless traditions of his heritage.
Thomas, Mathew M. "The Archaeology of Great Lakes Native
American Maple Sugar Production in the Reservation Era." Wisconsin Archeologist 82 (January/December 2001): 139-166.
The cultural significance and context of maple sugaring is
explored alongside a profile of the material remains of Native American
maple sugaring from three periods of the reservation era.
Turton, Cheryl L. Reynolds. "Mino Bimaadizinwin: Good Life, Strong Life." Harlow's Wooden Man 34 (Summer 1998): 7-11.
Anishnaable ways of knowing about health are significantly
based upon spiritual knowledge gleaned from elders, healers, fasting,
offering tobacco, dreaming and participating in ceremonies and sweat
lodges, and dancing.
Varni, Gerald R. "Contemporary Chippewa Hunting and Gathering." Michigan Archaeologist 10 (June 1964): 31-43.
The purpose of the article is to purpose and develop the
concept of traditional-modified patterns of economic activity.
"Visit a U.P. Ghost Supper." Indian Talk 3 (December 1975): 28-29.
Rickley family and a Ghost Feast.
Wilcox, Arthur T. "The Chippewa Sugar Camp." Michigan History 37 (1953): 276-285.
Background material to be used in making an exhibit.
Willig, Timothy D. "Prophetstown on the Wabash: The Native
Spiritual Defense of the Old Northwest." Michigan Historical Review 23
(Fall 1997): 115-158.
Prophetstown was a focal point of Native religious and
cultural revival and an attempt to defend the Old Northwest through