Tracing Native American heritage is often difficult and time
consuming because of the way records were kept, because of the variation
in the spelling of names, and because of the mobility of the
Black Elk Band Direct Lineal Descendants Collective Oral History Interview, May 28, 2002. Mt. Pleasant, MI: Central Michigan
A video recording of the Black Elk Band descendants.
Carpenter, Cecelia Swinth. How to Research American Indian Blood Lines: A Manual on Indian Genealogical Research. Orting, VA:
Heritage Quest, 1987.
A seasoned researcher shares her knowledge of sources.
Gidley, Bryan and Gwen Patterson. The Penetangishene List of Drummond Islanders 1815-1828. Penetanguishene, ONT: Voyageurs into
This work attempts to gather all known sources of data on
those people who lived on Drummund Island between 1815 and 1828.
Hansen, James L. "'Half–Breed’ Rolls and Fur Trade Families in the Great Lakes Region – An Introduction and Bibliography." In The Fur Trade Revisited: Selected Papers of the Sixth North American Fur Trade Conference, Mackinac Island, Michigan, 1991. East Lansing, MI:
Michigan State University Press, 1994. 161-169.
Records relating to payments from the United States government to the mixed bloods of various Midwestern tribes.
Lantz, Raymond. Ottawa and Chippewa Indians of Michigan, 1855-1868. Bowie, MD: Heritage Books, 1993.
Information is transcribed from Bureau of Indians Affairs
Records. The following rolls are included: 1855 Ottawa and Chippewa
Annuity Roll; 1857 Swan Creek and Black River Per Capita Roll; 1857
Sault Ste. Marie Chippewa Annuity Roll; 1857 Grand River Ottawa Annuity
Roll; 1858 Swan Creek and Black River Per Capita Roll; 1859 Grand River
Ottawa Annuity Roll; 1860 Ottawa and Chippewa Goods and Supplies; 1864
Grand River Ottawa Annuity Roll; 1865 Saginaw, Swan Creek, Black River
Chippewa Annuity Roll; and 1868 Ottawa and Chippewa Annuity Roll.
Lantz, Raymond. Ottawa and Chippewa Indians of Michigan, 1870-1909. Bowie, MD: Heritage Books, 1991.
Information is transcribed from the Bureau of Indian Affairs
records. The following rolls are included: 1870 Census and Annuity
Payment Records of the Grand River, Mackinac, Sault Ste. Marie and
Traverse Bands of the Ottawa and Chippewa Indians in Michigan as
enumerated by James H. Long; Census of those Persons enumerated in the
1870 Census and all their Known Descendants Found Living on March 4,
1907 as taken by Horace B. Durant; and A Census of all the Children Born
after March 4, 1907 and Prior to August 1, 1908 as Enumerated by Horace
Lantz, Raymond. The Potawatomie Indians of Michigan, 1843-1866 and Potawatomi of Indiana, 1869 and 1885. Bowie, MD: Heritage
Records taken from the Bureau of Affairs records. Included
here are: 1843 Ottawa, Chippewa and Pottawatomi of Michigan Annuity
Roll; 1844, 1845, 1846, 1847, 1848,1849, 1850, 1851, 1852, 1853, 1854,
1855, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1858, 1860, 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865, 1866,
1874, 1875, 1876, 1877, 1878, 1879, 1880, 1882, 1883, 1884, 1885, 1886,
1887, 1888, 1889, 1895 Potawatomi of Huron Annunity Roll; 1869
Potawatomi of Indiana and Michigan Annuity Roll; and 1895 Potwatomie of
Indiana and Michigan Census.
Snow Flower. My Family Tells This Story. Bowie, MD: Heritage Books, 1999.
Native American family history experienced researcher shares information.
Totems and Trees.
Treaties of 1817 and 1819 between the Chippewa nation and the
United States of America, along with a genealogy of tribal members and a
brief account of the Taymouth Methodist Indian mission. Photocopy.
United States. Secretary of the Interior. Chippewa
Half-Breeds of Lake Superior Relative to Issuance of Scrip to the Half
Breeds or Mixed-Blood Belonging to the Chippewas of Lake Superior.
Washington, DC: GPO, 1871.
Lists who received scrip for eighty acres and where the land was located.
Weaver, Margaret Curtiss. The Descendants of John Johnston and Oshauguscodaywayquay of Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan. Unpublished,