Native American Bibliography

The United States government policy of removing the Indians from their land and sending them west of the Mississippi is covered in this section.



Clifton, James A. The Pokagons, 1683-1983: Catholic Potawatomi Indians of the St. Joseph River Valley. Lanham: University Press of America, 1984.
An account of an important group of Potawatomi Indians who reside in the St.Joseph River Valley of southwestern Michigan and northern Indiana. Their significance rests in the fact that in 1833 they successfully resisted efforts of the United States government to gain their consent for removal west of the Mississippi River, their negotiation of the treaty guaranteed right to remain in Michigan, and their persistence as an organized Indian community down to the present day.

Clifton, James A. A Place of Refuge for All Time: Migration of the American Potawatomi into Upper Canada, 1830 to 1850. Ottawa: National Museums of Canada, 1975.
A study of the movement of a large portion of the Potawatomi Indian tribe from the states of Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin and Michigan into Upper Canada in the period 1830-1850.

Collins, Willliam Frederick. John Tipton and the Indians of the Old Northwest. Dissertation. Purdue University, 1997.
While supporting President Jackson's policy of Indian removal Tipton introduced a comprehensive Indian territorial bill to protect Indian emigrants.

pway, George. Organization of a New Indian Territory, East of the Missouri River. NY: S.W. Benedict, 1850. Arguments and reasons submitted to the members of the Senate and House of Representatives of the 31st Congress of the United States by the Indian Chief Kah-Ge-Gah-Bouh, or George Copway.

Ella, George M. Isaac McCoy: Apostle of the Western Trail. Springfield, MO: Particular Baptist Press, 2002.
McCoy was a Baptist missionary at the Carey Station in Michigan and he believed the Indians would be better off in their own state.

Horsman, Reginald. The Origins of Indian Removal, 1815-1824. East Lansing, MI: Historical Society of Michigan, 1970.
Clarence M. Burton Memorial Lecture, 1969.

McCoy, Isaac. Remarks on the Practicability of Indian Reform, Embracing Their Colonization. NY: Gray and Bunce, 1829.
McCoy's reasons for thinking it would be best if the Indians were moved.

McCoy, Isaac. Report to the House of Representatives to Remove Indians Westward. Washington, GPO, 1829.

McCoy’s report on his trip west of the Mississippi exploring for places which would be good to remove the Indians to.

Miles, William. "Enamoured of Colonization": Isaac McCoy's Plan of Indian Reform. Mt. Pleasant, MI: n.p., 1971.
McCoy argued for Indian removal.

Neumeyer, Elizabeth. Indian Removal in Michigan 1833-1855. Thesis. Central Michigan University, 1968.
'The Chippewa, Ottawa, and a number of Potawatomi were not removed for a variety of reasons; among these were the unattractiveness of their northern lands to the Michigan settler, the Indians' financial value to the traders, the philantrophic efforts of missionaries and Michigan citizens to keep the Indians in Michigan and the Indians own tenacity and perseverance in resisting removal.

Schultz, George A. American Canaan: Isaac McCoy and the Vision of an Indian State. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1972.
McCoy was primarily a social reformer. An intense man with strong views, he attacked the system of law and custom by which he believed the American Indians had been kept in bondage from the time of their first contact with the white man. His object was to free the Indian from these restraints - to establish an organized political state offering self-government, opportunities for education, and economic assistance for the tribesmen.

Speeches on the Passage of the Bill for the Removal of Indians, Delivered in the Congress of the United States, April and May, 1830. Boston, MA: Perkins and Marvin, 1830.
The speeches, both pro and con, in Congress on the Indian Removal bill. Not necessarily Michigan but the arguments are the same.

Tipton, John. The John Tipton Papers. Compiled by Glen A. Blackburn. Indianapolis, IN: Indiana Historical Society, 1942. 3 volumes.
Volume 1: 1809-1827. Treaty negotiations with the Miami and Potawatimi. Carey Mission. Volume 2: Indian Removal. Carey Mission. Volume 3: Removal

United States. Congress. Persons Employed in the Indian Department, January 22, 1834. US 23d Cong. 1st sess. House 60. Washington, DC: 1834.
A statement of the names of persons employed in the remowal and subsistence of the Indians.

United States. Congress.Removal of the Chippewa, Ottawa, and Pottawatomie Indians. 28th Congress, 1st Sess. House of Representatives, 1844.
The treaty of 1833 was to move them just north of the state of Missouri. Status of the Removal process.

United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Message Communicating Information in Relation to the Removal of Chippewa Indians from the Mineral Lands of Lake Superior. Washington, DC, 1846.

United States.War Department. Letter from the Secretary of War Recommending the Removal of the Swan Creek and Black River Bands of Chippewa Indians, January 29, 1839. Washington, DC, 1839.

United States. War Department. Revised Regulations no. 4 Concerning the Emigration of Indians. Washington, DC, 1837.
"The removal and subsistence of Indians have been committed to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, and the following regulations, for conducting that service, and for the accountability therein, are adopted."

Wyeth, Walter N. Isaac McCoy. Philadelphia, PA: W.N. Wyeth, 1895.
The removal advocate and his work as a missionary at Carey Mission.​