Odawa Ethnography

"Appointment to All Whom It May Concern." May 3, 1835. Vol. 12, (1888): 621-622.

Notice by which the northern Michigan Odawa and Ojibwe appoint Augustin Hamelin, Jr. as "head chief" of their bands. Fifty-eight chiefs, whose names are listed, witnessed the document.

Fraser, Thomas. "Return of Indian Settlers at the Chenail Ecarte and Harsen's Island." October 26, 1797. Vol. 20, (1892): 564.

This document provides numbers of Odawa people settled at Chenail Ecarte and Harsen's Island.

Goodyear, Henry A. "Indians of Barry County." Vol. 35, (1907): 637-643.

Explains Odawa and Potawatomi character, "pow-wows," clothing, naming of white people, wigwams, division of labor, gender roles, boats, childhood activities, experience with alcohol, short biography of chief "Pecitiac."

Humphrey, James W. "The Selkirk Reservation." Vol. 32, (1903): 381-383.

Allegan County bands of Odawa and Ojibwe Indians. Selkirk was sent in 1838 as a missionary, Sagamaw was the group's leader. This document is a typically racist account of "inferior" Indians.

"Return of Indians, Ottawas and Chippewas settled at Chenail Ecarte." June 27, 1799 Vol. 20, (1892): 641-642.

This return consists of Indians from the following bands: Big Bowls - Odawa, Big Bears - Ojibwe, Saginaw Ojibwe.

"A Return of Ottawas and Chippewas settled at Chenail Ecarte Comprehending Men, Women, and Children." July 1798. Vol. 20, (1892): 617-618.

Includes a note on intermarriage between Big Bears and Big Bowls bands of Odawa.

Seymour, C. B. "Early Days in Old Washtenaw County." Vol. 28, (1897): 391-399.

Page 395 provides a typical account of drunken Indians, including infighting between Potawatomi and Odawa, mentions the possibilities of Indian uprisings.

St. John, Mrs. "Daily Life, Manners, and Customs of the Indians in Kalamazoo County." Vol. 10, (1880): 166-170.

Describes Odawa and Potawatomi government; knives; crime/punishment regarding murder; construction of wigwams; food; cooking; clothing; teaching/discipline/care for children; roles and treatment of women; courtship and marriage; religion and morals; measurement of time; and personal hygiene.

Waite, Minnie B. "Indian and Pioneer Life." Vol. 38, (1912): 318-321.

Includes an account of the Indian settlement in Grand Traverse; a deal between the Odawa and Ojibwe nations; We-we-gen-deby's discovery of the copper "god-kettle"; and the massacre of the Mushcodesh Indians by the Odawa under Saw-ge-maw. The essay also discusses housing, farming, hunting, feasts, etc.

Willard, George. "The making of Michigan." Vol. 17, (1890): 295-310.

States that Odawa and Potawatomi people were peaceful, willing to welcome whites, and not warlike.