Ojibwe Ethnography

"Appointment to All Whom It May Concern." May 3, 1835. Vol. 12, (1888): 621-622.

Notice by which the northern Michigan Odawa and Ojibwe appoint Augustin Hamelin, Jr. as "head chief" of their bands. Fifty-eight chiefs, whose names are listed, witnessed the document.

Bates, William R. "The Development of Flint." Vol. 35, (1907): 359-387.

Discusses Indian names, the Ojibwe's conflict with the Sauks and alliance with the British.

Foote, Edward A. "Historical Sketch of the early days of Eaton County." Vol. 3, (1881): 379-383.

This account describes many aspects of Ojibwe and Potawatomi life: territory, housing and locking methods, making maple sugar, trails, character, teachers, horses, clothing, crimes and punishments, whiskey, the Potawatomi removal of 1840 and resistance to removal.

Fraser, Thomas. "Return of Indian Settlers at the Chenail Ecarte and Harsen's Island." October 26, 1797. Vol. 20, (1892): 564.

This document provides numbers of Odawa people settled at Chenail Ecarte and Harsen's Island.

Humphrey, James W. "The Selkirk Reservation." Vol. 32, (1903): 381-383.

Allegan County bands of Odawa and Ojibwe Indians. Selkirk was sent in 1838 as a missionary, Sagamaw was the group's leader. This document is a typically racist account of "inferior" Indians.

Johnston, Geo. "Reminiscences by Geo. Johnston, of Sault Ste. Marys, 1815." Vol. 12, (1888): 605-611.

Geo. Johnston, the son of John Johnston, recounts numerous experiences his family had with local Ojibwe people.

Little, Frank. "Early Recollections of the Indians about Bull Prairie." Vol. 27, (1896): 330-338.

Reminiscences of Indians at Detroit in 1831, the Black Hawk War, mound builders, and a sketch of Ojibwe Chief Maungwudaus, who had traveled with George Catlin to Europe, and met Henry Clay and Zachary Taylor.

"Menominee County." Vol. 1, (1900): 263-264.

Presents a brief history of the Menominee people, their peaceful nature, and a brief conflict they had with some Ojibwe over sturgeon fishing near Grand Rapids.

Miller, Albert. "Incidents in the Early History of the Saginaw Valley." Vol. 13, (1889): 351-383.

Describes Ojibwe reservation of 40,000 acres, process of hiring Indian guides, experiencing Indian hospitality, and specific oral histories of the Ojibwe.

Miller, Albert. "The Rivers of the Saginaw Valley Sixty Years Ago." Vol. 14, (1890): 495-510.

This narrative poem describes the Ojibwe people's battle with the Fox nation and their experiences with smallpox.

Niles, M. J. "Old Times in Clinton County." Vol. 14, (1890): 620-626.

Mentions Indians entering the homes of white settlers, looking for food. This essay also briefly discusses Okemos, an Ojibwe Chief, and the items he was buried with in 1858.

"Return of Indians, Ottawas and Chippewas settled at Chenail Ecarte, June 27, 1799." Vol. 20, (1892): 641-642.

This return consists of Indians from the following bands: Big Bowls - Odawa, Big Bears - Ojibwe, Saginaw Ojibwe.

"A Return of Ottawas and Chippewas settled at Chenail Ecarte Comprehending Men, Women, and Children." July 1798. Vol. 20, (1892): 617-618.

Includes a note on intermarriage between Big Bears and Big Bowls bands of Odawa.

Scott, A. H. "Indians in Kalamazoo County." Vol. 10, (1888): 163-166.

The letter describes the Kalamazoo Indian reservation's lands, Indian subsistence methods, white settler / Indian interaction, trade, government furnishings, Chief Sagamaw, and the influence of whiskey. 1830's and 1840's.

Shout, Mary E. "Reminiscences of the First Settlement at Owosso." Vol. 30, (1906): 344-352.

Mentions Chief Wasso, the Shiawassee band of Ojibwe, and various accounts of Indians in states of drunkenness and wickedness.

Smith, Harlan I. "Scientific Uses for Michigan." Vol. 32, (1903): 459-460.

Analyzes the Ojibwe "myth" about hunting and the war path.

Stebbins, F. R. "An Old Time Trip." Vol. 9, (1886): 108-118.

Includes an interesting description of an Ojibwe "war dance," approximately 1851.

Waite, Minnie B. "Indian and Pioneer Life." Vol. 38, (1912): 318-321.

Includes an account of the Indian settlement in Grand Traverse; a deal between the Odawa and Ojibwe nations; We-we-gen-deby's discovery of the copper "god-kettle"; and the massacre of the Mushcodesh Indians by the Odawa under Saw-ge-maw. The essay also discusses housing, farming, hunting, feasts, etc.

Williams, B. O. "Early Michigan. Sketch of the Life of Oliver Williams and Family." Vol. 2, (1880): 36-40.

This essay explains the overall friendly relationship that the Williams family enjoyed with the Saginaw area Ojibwe, including Kish Kor Co (Kishkorko).

Williams, B. O. "First Settlement of Shiawassee County." Vol. 2, (1880): 476-477.

Describes the land, plant life, food, and maple syrup of the 3000 acre Ojibwe Indian Reservation on the Shiawassee River in 1829. This account also contains a vague story of Indians sacrificing dogs to "the spirit of the river."

Williams, B. O. "Shiawassee County, First Settlement of Shiawassee County - Written by B. O. Williams and Published in the Owosso Weekly Press in May, 1872." Vol. 2, (1880): 475-488.

Williams describes many aspects of the Ojibwe people he became associated with via the fur trade, 1830-1840. His narrative includes commentary on their territory, past treaties and associated rights, subsistence methods, "hospitable" character, use of alcohol, spring and summer games, and the affects of diseases (specifically cholera and smallpox) in 1832-1837.

Williams, E. S. "Legends of Indian History in Saginaw Valley." Vol. 10, (1888): 134-136.

Describes the Saginaw Ojibwe belief that the woods were haunted by their defeated enemies, the Sauks (called the Mun-e-soos). Also, Williams describes Ojibwe sturgeon fishing, marksmanship, and feasts.

Williams, E. S. "Personal Reminiscences." Vol. 8, (1886): 233-260.

Explains a Saginaw Ojibwe superstition regarding the Sauk people, the "Manesoos." Also relates the healing abilities of Ojibwe medicine men.