American Revolution

General Histories

Walker, Charles I. "The Northwest During the Revolution." Vol. 3, (1881): 12-36.

Summarizes Native American participation during the American Revolution, specifically in the Northwest. The document also incorporates much statistical data, referencing numbers of warriors as well as goods and supplies provided to the Indians.

 Primary Documents

Items listed here are organized chronologically.

Haldimand Papers. December 14, 1777-July 15, 1781. 53 Items. Vol. 19, (1891): 335-622.

Mason Bolton to Adjutant General. December 14, 1777. p. 335-337.
"Trade in the Lake Superior Country in 1778." January 20, 1778. p. 337-339.
John Butler to Frederick Haldimand. February 2, 1778. p. 340-343.
Haldimand to Mason Bolton. August 27, 1778. p. 348-350.
E. Foy to Arent de Peyster. August 28, 1778. p. 350.
Louis Chevallier to De Peyster. September 15, 1778. p. 352-353.
Bolton to Haldimand. September 18, 1778. p. 353-355.
William Caldwell to John Butler. September 21, 1778. p. 355-356.
Bolton to Haldimand. November 11, 1778. p. 363-365.
Bolton to Haldimand. November 13, 1778. p. 365-367.
Bolton to Haldimand. February 8, 1779. p. 370-373.
Bolton to Haldimand. February 12, 1779. p. 373-374.
John Butler to Haldimand. April 2, 1779. p. 383-385.
Haldimand. "Observations Necessary for Capt. Brehm to Make on His Route between Lachine and Detroit." April 9, 1779. p. 389-392.
Haldimand to Butler. April 18, 1779. p. 393-394.
John Campbell to Haldimand. April 18, 1779. p. 394-395.
C. Gautier to De Peyster. April 19, 1779. p. 397-398.
Haldimand to Brehm. May 7, 1779. p. 402-404.
Brehm to Haldimand. May 8, 1779. p. 404-405.
De Peyster to Campbell. May 13, 1779. p. 411.
Henry Bird to Bolton. nd. p. 413.
Bolton to Haldimand. May 20, 1779. p. 415-417.
Haldimand to Henry Clinton. May 26, 1779. p. 418-422.
Alexander McKee to R. B. Lernoult. May 26, 1779. p. 423-424.
Lernoult to Bolton. June 23, 1779. p. 439-440.
Nicholas Lorrain to Lernoult. June 28, 1779. p. 442-443.
Haldimand. "Speech to the Indians." July 2, 1779. p. 444-445.
Thomas Bennet to Lernoult. August 15, 1779. p. 455-456.
Haldimand to Henry Clinton. September 4, 1779. p. 463-465.
"Speech of the Chauvrons" and "Answer to the Chauvrons." September 26, 1779. p. 468-470.
Haldimand to Bolton. November 11, 1779. p. 477-479.
Haldimand to Clinton. January 31, 1780. p. 496-499.
De Peyster to Bolton. March 10, 1780. p. 501-502.
Charles Grant to Haldimand. April 24, 1780. p. 508-511.
"Invoice of Indian Presents." May 13, 1780. p. 517-518.
Bolton to Haldimand. May 16, 1780. p. 521-522.
De Peyster to Bolton. June 1, 1780. p. 526-527.
Henry Bird to De Peyster. June 3, 1780. p. 527-529.
Alexander McKee to De Peyster. June 4, 1780. p. 530-531.
De Peyster to Bolton. June 27, 1780. p. 536-537.
Bird to De Peyster. July 1, 1780. p. 538-539.
De Peyster to Bolton. July 6, 1780. p. 540-541.
McKee to De Peyster. July 8, 1780. p. 541-543.
De Peyster to Bolton. August 4, 1780. p. 553.
De Peyster to Bolton. August 6, 1780. p. 555.
Haldimand to Allan Maclean. August 16, 1780. p. 562-563.
"Intelligence Concerning Detroit." December 4, 1780. p. 587-588.
McKee to De Peyster. March 1, 1781. p. 597-598.
"Indian Speech at Detroit." March 9, 1781. p. 596-597.
Haldimand to H. Watson Powell. April 20, 1781. p. 622-624.
Lernoult to Powell. June 22, 1781. p. 640-641.
"Intelligence from the Shawanese." July 14, 1781. p. 646-647.
McKee to De Peyster. July 15, 1781. p. 647-648.

General Frederick Haldimand was Governor of Canada during the American Revolution. His papers, printed in Volume 19 of this resource, contain many documents concerning the relationship between the British and their Native American allies during the Revolution.

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A warning to the Huron to remain faithful to the "duty" they "owe" to the British Government.

"The Chiefs and Principal Warriors of the Mingoes, Hurons, Delawares, & Shawnese. To Their Father Captain Lernoult Commanding at Detroit." October 1779. Vol. 10, (1888): 364-365.

Indians request support and materials for their campaign against "a large body of Virginians."

"Speech of the Delawares and Shawnese Assembled at the Upper Shawnee Village, to Their Father Major De Peyster Commandant of Detroit, August 22nd 1780." Vol. 10, (1888): 420-421.

An urgent request for help in their conflict with the Virginians.

"Return of Prisoners of War Sent from Detroit." May 16, 1782. Vol. 20, (1892): 18.

List of Americans taken prisoner by the Indians and returned after the war.

Caldwell, William, to Arent de Peyster. June 11, 1782. Vol. 20, (1892): 25-26.
Powell to Haldimand. July 1, 1782. Vol. 20, (1892): 28-29.
Haldimand to Sir Guy Carleton. July 28, 1782. Vol. 20, (1892): 34.

Three documents pertaining to an Indian massacre of US forces under Colonel Crawford in June 1782.

De Peyster to McKee. August 6, 1782. Vol. 20, (1892): 37-38.

Shawnee and Delaware are putting their prisoners to death, an action that may harm US-British relations.

McKee to De Peyster. August 28, 1782. Vol. 20, (1892): 49-51.

An account of the Battle of Blue Licks, Kentucky.

Maclean, Allan, to Haldimand. May 18, 1783. Vol. 20, (1892): 117-121.

Report that the Indians are angry over the terms of the Treaty of Paris ending the American Revolution.

"Indian Speech to the Congress of the United States." 1786. Vol. 13, (1889): 104-105.

Indians of many nations express their dissatisfaction with their treatment by the US following the conclusion of the American Revolution.

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