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Conflicts between Native Americans

Entries are listed chronologically.

Smith, Harlan I. "The Invasion of the Saginaw Valley." Vol. 28, (1897): 642-644.

Legend of a time when the Odawa, Potawatomi , and Ojibwe exterminated the Sauks living in the Saginaw valley.

Bates, William R. "The Development of Flint." Vol. 35, (1907): 359-387.

Discusses Indian names, the Ojibwe's conflict with the Sauks and alliance with the British.

Miller, Albert. "The Rivers of the Saginaw Valley Sixty Years Ago." Vol. 14, (1890): 495-510.

This narrative poem describes the Ojibwe people's battle with the Fox nation and their experiences with smallpox.

Mitchell, W. T. "Legends of Indian History in St. Clair County." Vol. 6, (1884): 416-418.

A secondhand account of the battle in which the Ojibwe pushed the Iroquois out of Michigan.

Marset to Vaudreuil. August 14, 1706. Vol. 33, : 262-269.

Letter regarding the hostilities between the Odawas and the Miamis, and Cadillac's involvement.

Cadillac to Vaudreuil. August 27, 1706. Vol. 33, : 272-285.

Discusses the war between the Maimi and the Odawa, including the Odawa's attack on Detroit.

"Talk of Marquis De Vaudreuil with the Sonnontouans." September 4, 1706. Vol. 33, : 285-288.

Attempting to discover why the Odawa attacked the Maimi at Detroit.

"Speech of Miscouaky, Chief of the Outaouas, to Marquis De Vaudreuil." September 26, 1706. Vol. 33, : 288-294.

Explains that the Odawa attacked the Miami because they were going to attack Odawa villages, that the Odawa Chief Le Pesant proposed the attack and on one could change his mind, and that the French were killed accidentally. Also, they still want to fight the Huron and Miami.

"Replies of m. De Vaudreuil to Miscopuaky, Chief of the Outaouas." November 4, 1706. Vol. 33, : 294-296.

"Words of the Outauois, on the 18th of June with the Answers." June 18, 1707. Vol. 33, : 319-325.

Jean Le Blanc brought prisoners to make amends for the killing of a priest at Detroit, but Vaudreuil demands the head of Le Pesant, who ordered the attack.

"Words of the Outauois, on the 21st of June with the Answers." June 21, 1707. Vol. 33, : 324-326.

Le Blanc says he can't deliver Le Pesant's head because he is allied with many tribes; Vaudreuil says Le Blanc must agree not to obey Le Pesant anymore and must make peace with the Miami and French at Detroit.


euil to Unknown. July 24, 1707. Vol. 33, : 328-331.

Concerns Le Blanc's attempts to make reparations for death of Frenchmen at Detroit. He's sincere in offering himself to Cadillac in place of Le Pesant in order to make peace.

"Council Held at Detroit on the 6th of August." August 6, 1707. Vol. 33, : 331-336.

Council between Cadillac and the Odawa to resolve the Odawa and Miami hostilities. Cadillac demands Le Pesant, Miami and Huron demand vengeance, and Cadillac gives them Odawa slaves.

Marest to Vaudreuil. June 21, 1712. Vol. 33, (1904): 553-557.

Recounts an attack by the Odawa and Potawatomi on the Maskoutins and Saginaw's attack and massacre of 800 Fox and Maskoutins. He fears that the Fox, Sauks, Kickapoo, and Puants will join and attack the French post at Michilimackinac.

? to ?. January 10, 1723. Vol. 33, (1904): 710-715.

Report that the Indians at Detroit are planning on making war on the Fox and the Flatheads.

"War between the Fox and Illinois Indians." Vol. 34, (1905): 67-69.

Describes the conflict which took place in August of 1730.


oishebert Proceeds Against the Fox Indians." 1732. Vol. 34, (1905): 104-105.

An account of a battle between the Hurons and the Fox, who had constructed a wooden stake fort on the shore of Lake Marameek.

"Indian Affairs at Detroit in the Years 1738-1741." Vol. 34, (1905): 195-202.

Monthly update regarding status of the conflict between the Odawa and Huron nations.

Dobie, Richard. "Memorandums." April 13, 1786. Vol. 11, (1888): 485-488.

This document gives information (population, territory, politics) on the Odawa, Ojibwe, Menominee, Winnebagoes, Sauks, Foxes, and Sioux Indians. Also, it explains that various tribes are at war with each other and how peace could be created via a dristibution of presents. Montreal.

"To Sir John Johnson Baronet Superintendant General of Indians in the Province of Quebec &c." 1786. Vol. 13, (1889): 79-80.

Committe of merchants requests tht Johnson persuade the Indians to cease warring on each other in order to promote trade.

Cass, Lewis. "Menomeenes Massacred at Praire du Chien." August 31, 1831. Vol. 37, (1910): 221-222.

Letter to Governor Porter asking the Indian agent at Green Bay to keep the peace between the Fox and the Menominee nations.

Waite, Minnie B. "Indian and Pioneer Life." Vol. 38, (1912): 318-321.

Includes an account of the Indian settlement in Grand Traverse; a deal between the Odawa and Ojibwe nations; We-we-gen-deby's discovery of the copper "god-kettle"; and the massacre of the Mushcodesh Indians by the Odawa under Saw-ge-maw. The essay also discusses housing, farming, hunting, feasts, etc.

"Menominee County." Vol. 1, (1900): 263-264.

Presents a brief history of the Menominee people, their peaceful nature, and a brief conflict they had with some Ojibwe over sturgeon fishing near Grand Rapids.