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Prehistory and Archeology

Entries are listed alphabetically.

Cannon, George H. "Prehistoric Forts in Macomb County." Vol. 38, (1912): 73-78.

Evidence of earth and stone mounds and cultivation. Includes maps, but does not suggest how old the ruins are.

Dustin, Fred. "Saginaw County as a Center of Aboriginal Population." Vol. 34, (1915): 251-260.

Explains the geographical and environmental benefits of Saginaw, information that can be gathered from relics, Ojibwe historical accounts, and legends.

Gillman, Henry. "The Mound Builders in Michigan." Vol. 2, (1880): 40-52.

Discusses ancient mounds, relics, burial items, the construction of tools, and mining processes at Isle Royal in Lake Superior.


Evidence of cultivation, burial mounds, and what resembles a fort on a knoll.

Hubbard, Bela. "Ancient Garden Beds of Michigan." Vol. 2, (1880): 21-35.

This work discusses a class of eart works "of unknown age and origin" built by early Native Americans in Michigan. Includes eight scale diagrams.

Leach, Morgan. "History of the Grand Traverse Region." Vol. 32, (1903): 14-175.

Discusses mound builders, the migration of the Odawa, and the extermination of a tribe known as the Mushquatas.

"Michigan State Historical Society." Vol. 12, (1888): 316-350.

Discusses some Indian burial relics donated to the Society by Mr. Thomas Palmer.

Osband, Melvin D. "My Recollection of Pioneers and Pioneer Life in Nankin." Vol. 14, (1890): 446.

Briefly discusses a cut piece of wood discovered in 1834 that was believed to have been cut 225 years before and then sealed in an oak tree.

"Prehistoric Bones Here." Vol. 35, (1907): 703-704.

Discusses a large "Indian mound" found in Pentwater county which contained many animal bones, such as buffalo and probably mastodon.

Reeder, John T. "Evidences of Prehistoric Man on Lake Superior." Vol. 30, (1906): 110-118.

Discusses ancient copper mines near Lake Superior. Contains his theory of an "ancient race of man" who mined the area 700-800 years earlier in a seasonal migratory pattern, since there was no evidence of towns or burial sites.

Smith, Harlan. "The Antiquities of Michigan, Their Value and Impending Loss." Vol. 31, (1902): 238-252.

Cites examples of earth works and other archaeological finds in Michigan. Argues for their importance and preservation.

Smith, Samuel. "Pre-historic and Modern Copper Mines of Lake Superior." Vol. 39, (1915): 137-151.

Describes technology of ancient miners, ancient uses of copper, trade routes and commodities, and other elements.