The Battle of Fallen Timbers

General Histories

Burton, C. M. "Anthony Wayne and the Battle of Fallen Timbers." Vol. 31, (1902): 472-489.

History of the battle and the events leading up to it, 1783-1794. Includes several fold-out maps.

Will, George. "Letter Taken from the American Pioneer, Vol. 1, p. 295." Vol. 34, (1905): 502-503.

Letter describing movements of General Wayne's army in early 1790s, the construction of Fort Recovery and the battle of the same name, and the Treaty of Greenville, 1795.

Primary Documents

Entries are listed chronologically.

"Reply of the Commissioners of the United States to the Indians." July 13, 1793. Vol. 24, (1894): 579-585.

The US commissioners declare that the Ohio River boundary line for US settlement proposed by the Indian Confederacy is unacceptable because of provisions of the Treaties of Ghent and Fort Stanwix that established a Great Lakes boundary line. They are willing to renegotiate this line, but they demand that the Indians make concessions.

"Council Held at the Foot of the Miamis Rapids." July 27, 1793. Vol. 24, (1894): 570-571.

The Indian Confederacy demands that all US troops and settlers be removed past the Ohio River and wants that river to be the permanent Western and Northern boundary of white settlement.

"Reply of the Indians to the Commissioners of the United States." August 13, 1793. Vol. 24, (1894): 587-592.

The confederacy argues that they had no part in the Treaty of Paris and did not give the British the right to give away Indian lands. They also argue that the US made treaties with Indians who had no right to give up land. Finally, they again demand the Ohio River as a permanent boundary for US expansion.

"Commissioners of the United States to the Chiefs of the Indian Nations." August 16, 1793. Vol. 24, (1894): 592-593.

The US makes its final refusal of the confederacy's demands that the Ohio River be the boundary between the US and Indian lands, and they believe that international law will support them.

Alexander McKee to J. G. Simcoe. August 22, 1793. Vol. 24, (1894): 595-599.

McKee is upset that the Confederacy demanded the Ohio River as a boundary. He suspects that they did it out of anger at the Iroquois. Includes copy of Shawnee speech to Simcoe defending their behavior, including several totems (pictographs) that served as signatures.

J. G. Simcoe to George Hammond. August 24, 1793. Vol. 24, (1894): 599-605.

Short history of the problems between the Indian Confederacy and the US, dating back to the Treaty of Paris, mostly blaming the US. He is sure that the Indians believe that the British abandoned them in the treaty, and is equally sure that the British will be dragged into the conflict.

Anthony Wayne to the Indians. January 14, 1794. Vol. 24, (1894): 629-631.

Wayne demands that US prisoners of war be returned by February 14 and suggests a treaty council.

Accounts and map of the Battle of Fallen Timbers. August 20, 1794. Vol. 20, (1892): 369-372.

Contains various British letters and documents pertaining to the battle in which Wayne defeated the Indian Confederacy.

George Ironside to Alexander McKee. December 13, 1794. Vol. 20, (1892): 385-386.

Concerning a meeting of the Shawnee, Mingo, and Huron Indians with Anthony Wayne at Greenville.

Wayne, Anthony. Speech to Indians at Sandusky. January 1, 1795. Vol. 25, (1894): 81-83.

Wayne promises cessation of hostilities and looks forward to treaty council at Greenville. This is shortly after the Battle of Fallen Timbers.

"Articles of Peace between Gen. Anthony Wayne and the Indians." February 11, 1795. Vol. 20, (1892): 393-394.

Basic peace treaty ending hostilities, but no land changing hands yet. Signed by Anthony Wayne and Blue Jacket, among others. Followed by the Treaty of Greenville.

Treaty of Greenville. August 3, 1795. Vol. 20, (1892): 410-419.

Full text of treaty that ended the hostilities between the US and the Indian confederacy after the Battle of Fallen Timbers.