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With the British

"Col. Goldthwait's Talk with Indians." July 1771. Vol. 24, (1894): 2-3.

Q&A between Goldthwait and a Mataugwesauwack Indian, listing tribes between his land west of Lake Superior and Montreal.

"Speech in Indian Council at Detroit." August 18, 1773. Vol. 19, (1891): 308-310.

Miami chiefs reassure Huron, Iroquois, and British that the have no intention of going to war with them, and that the Shawnee are to blame for any rumors.

Hamilton, Henry. "Council Held at Detroit June 14th, 1778 with the Ottawas, Delawares, Shawanese, Miamis, Mingoes, Mohawks, & the Tribes of Ouashtanon, Saguinan, &c. Delaware Senecas." Vol. 9, (1886): 442-458.

Includes lists of people present and excerpts from speeches.

"Inventory of Indian Councils Held at Detroit." Vol. 20, (1892): 133-135.

Description of councils held at Detroit from June 1778 to June 1783.

Schieffelin, J. "Indian Council." December 1, 1782. Vol. 11, (1888): 326-328.

Seneca chief Ayouwiainsh complains to the British about his people's need for supplies which the British failed to deliver.

"Indian Council at Detroit." July 30, 1783. Vol. 20, (1892): 153-154.

Deals with an attack on the Shawnee by whites purporting to be Virginians.

Shieffeling, J. "Transactions with Indians at Sandusky." August 26-September 8, 1783. Vol. 20, (1892): 174-183.

Council between the British and the Huron, Delaware, Shawnee, Mingo, Creek, Cherokee, Odawa, Ojibwe, Potawatomi , and Iroquois. British are attempting to reassure them about the boundary line decided in the Treaty of Ghent.

McKee, Alexander. "Indian Council." December 24, 1786. Vol. 11, (1888): 470-472.

Transcripts of a council of the deputation of the Iroquois and "the several nations of Western Indians." Indians ask British to make the Ohio River the boundary line for settlers until a definitive treaty agreement can be reached.

"Indian Council." July 11, 1787. Vol. 11, (1888): 491-496.

Transcripts of speeches given at Michilimackinac by British officials and leaders of the Sioux, Pican, Fox, Sisitous, Pitous, Odawa, and Ojibwe nations regarding continued friendship.

Dayenty and Egouchaway. "Indian Speech to Sir John Johnson at Huron Village." August 16, 1790. Vol. 20, (1892): 308-309.

Huron and Odawa chiefs concerned with boundaries of their lands. Includes description of understood boundaries.

Blue Jacket. "Blue Jacket's Speech and Answer from A. McKee." January 23, 1791. Vol. 24, (1894): 135-138.

Blue Jacket wants food and clothes from the British in return for Shawnee help during the American Revolution. Also says that the Shawnee do not want to go to war with the US again. McKee promises provisions.

"Proceedings of a Council Held with the Six Nations." May 24, 1791. Vol. 24, (1894): 234-237.

Council between British and Iroquois at Niagra. The Iroquois describe a council with Colonel Proctor of the US, and the British agree to have an agent present when the Iroquois deal with the US in the future.

McKee, Alexander. "Colonel Alexander McKee's Speech to the Indians." July 1, 1791. Vol. 20, (1892): 310-311.

Concerning the delivery of presents to the Mohawks, Hurons, Delawares, Odawa, Potawatomi , Miami, Shawnee, Muncie, Mingo, Connoys, Mohicans, Nantikokes, and Moravian Indians.

"Speech of Lord Dorchester to the Indians." August 15, 1791. Vol. 24, (1894): 309-313.

Speech to Odawa, Ojibwe, Potawatomi , Huron, Shawnee, Delaware, Twitwis, and Iroquois. He is sorry for US attacks on Indians, reassures them that the British did not give up Indian land in the Treaty of Ghent, and says that he will try to negotiate with the US on their behalf.

"Proceedings of a Private Council Held with the Chiefs of the Five Nations." January 31, 1792. Vol. 24, (1894): 367-370.

British advising the Iroquois on relations with the US. They fear that conflicting messages from different US sources could mean trouble, and thus the Iroquois should not accept the US invitation to meet with Congress at Philadelphia.

Johnson, William. "Journal of His Proceedings from Niagra Westward." August 29-October 23, 1792. Vol. 24, (1894): 468-472.

Describes councils with the Iroquois and Delaware and a speech by a Shawnee chief to the Iroquois, all relating to the confederacy against the US.

J. G. Simcoe to Western Indians. June 22, 1793. Vol. 24, (1894): 551-554.

Simcoe promises provisions at Sandusky council and reassures them that the British did not give up Indian land in the Treaty of Ghent.

"Minutes of a Council." July 7-9, 1793. Vol. 24, (1894): 560-568.

Council between British and Western Indians, with a US delegation present. Discusses the failure of a council at Sandusky because of the presence of too many US soldiers. US replies that they had no intention of violence. The parties agree to attempt another council because the US delegation has the power to establish a new boundary line.

"Indian Speeches at the Glaize." May 6, 1794. Vol. 20, (1892): 346-347.
"Indian Speeches at the Miami Rapids." May 7, 1794. Vol. 20, (1892): 347-350.

"Three Nations" want to take Virginians prisoner and want the sale of rum stopped. They also recount a Spanish speech to the Delawares encouraging Indians from the Creeks to Michigan to unite against the US.

"Council at Brown's Town." October 11, 1794. Vol. 25, (1894): 40-46.

Iroquois, Wyandot, Delaware, Shawnee, Miami, Odawa, Ojibwe, Potawatomi , Cherokee, and Muncie Indians depressed by the loss at Fallen Timbers, asking the British for help.

Duggan, Thomas. "Journal Kept of Councils with Indians Near Detroit, 1794." Vol. 12: 105-109.

Proceedings of councils with the British. Equshewa was the primary speaker for the Ojibwe.

"Indian Speech at Sandusky." February 6, 1795. Vol. 20, (1892): 392-393.

Protesting to Vicar Edmund Burke about his request that unnamed nation abandon their land.

J. G. Simcoe. Speech to Six Nations. August 28, 1795. Vol. 25, (1894): 94-100.

Simcoe says that US agent Pickering was wrong to exclude British agent from an October 1794 council meeting. Also explains the French Revolution and the Treaty of Ghent to them from the British point of view, and assures them of continued British support.

"Speeches of Condolence on the Death of Lieut. Col. John Butler." May 16, 1796. Vol. 20, (1892): 444-447.

Butler was Deputy Agent of Indian Affairs. Chiefs of Iroquois and Captain Brant memorializing him by following the mourning customs of the Iroquois. Also includes speech by Brant which was sent to Butler's family.

"Indian Speeches to General Prescott at Caughnawaga." August 13, 1796. Vol. 20, (1892): 464-466.

Response by Odawa, Micmac, and other nations of lower Canada to speech by Prescott forbidding hunting and fishing on lands north of the St. Lawrence up to Hudson Bay.

"Talk between Captain William Mayne and Indian Chiefs." June 30, 1797. Vol. 20, (1892): 519-521.

Four Shawnee chiefs angry at Colonel McKee for holding back presents. Mayne defends McKee's policy.

"Captain Peter Drummond to the Chiefs and Their Reply." October 19, 1797. Vol. 20, (1892): 560-561.

Drummond asks Arbre Croche Ojibwe not to take up hostilities toward traders. Chiefs reply that they had no such intention.

"Speech of Captain Joseph Brant." Vol. 23, (1893): 19-20.

Speech by Brant to Odawa, Ojibwe, and Potawatomi , urging them to go to a council at Buffaloe Creek. No date, possibly 1802.

"Indian Council at Amherstburg." June 8, 1805. Vol. 23, (1893): 39-42.

Sauk, Fox, Odawa, and Potawatomi discussing the possibility of joining the Indian confederacy against the US, but the British encourage them to stay peaceful.

"Proceedings of a Private Meeting with the Shawenoes." March 25, 1808. Vol. 25, (1894): 242-244.

British explain the "Chesapeake" incident and ask if the US had contacted the Indians. Shawnee reassure them of their loyalty.

McDonall, Robert. Speech to Indians at Michilimackinac. June 5, 1811. Vol. 25, (1894): 283-286.

Discusses American attempts to invade Canada, urges the Indians to join the British in case of war, and promises supplies.

"Indian Speech at Council of Condolence." November 6, 1812. Vol. 23, (1893): 95-96.

Speech by Kodeaneyonte memorializing the death of General Isaac Brock.

"Indian Speeches, Without Date." (May 1814?) Vol. 15: 558-561.

Speeches by Indian chiefs of the Sioux, Menominee, and Winnebago nations pledging their allegiance to the British.

"Minutes of an Indian Council." October 28, 1814. Vol. 23, (1893): 453-455.

Two Potawatomi chiefs remind the British that the Potawatomi were the first to assist them in war, and that they had been abandoned by General Proctor. They request supplies and constantly reassure the British that they will not join the "Big Knives," meaning the Americans.

"Message to the Western Indians." ND (December 1814?) Vol. 23, (1893): 459-461.

British message to Winnebago, Odawa, Ojibwe, Sauk and Fox, and Sioux, saying that the cowardly US had asked for peace, but that British demands that Indian needs be met led to the US refusal, and that the war was continuing to help the Indians.

"Minutes of a Council." January 29, 1815. Vol. 23, (1893): 469-471.

British with Potawatomi and Odawa. Chebainse spoke for the Potawatomi , saying that the Kickapoo, Miami, and Delaware were eager to help the British. Also asks for guns and ammunition.

McDonall, Robert. Speech to Indians at Michilimackinac. June 28, 1815. Vol. 16, (1890): 192-193.

McDonall's speech to the Fox, Kickapoo, Sauk, and Potawatomi , regarding the unity of Indian nations with each other and with the British. He tells the Ojibwe and the Sioux to stop fighting, offers yearly gifts at Drummond Island. His speech is followed by a response from Leettoite, a Sauk chief.

McDonall, Robert. Speech to Indians. September 17, 1815. Vol. 16, (1890): 273-275.

McDonall's speech to the Odawa at Arbre Croche and Grand River warning them not to desert the English for the US. He promises that English armies would soon return to help the Indians once their war with the French was done, and that it was the US who sued for peace. He also tells them that the Odawa should defend the British if they want to continue receiving gifts and advises them not to drink alcohol.

"Speech of Shawanese King." August 7, 1815. Vol. 16, (1890): 197-198.

Shawnee chief is angry that Colonel Caldwell has replaced Colonel Elliott as British commissioner because Caldwell is not delivering promised supplies.

Black Hawk. Speech in Reply to McDonall. ND (probably August 1815). Vol 16, (1890): 196-197.

Black Hawk is angry at the British for the terms of the Treaty of Ghent ending the War of 1812. He says the Sauks only joined the war as a result of British pressure, but they may have to fight the US without British help.

Robinson, Frederick P. "Proceedings of Indian Council at Niagra." August 31-September 1, 1815. Vol. 16, (1890): 262-266.

Council called by Sir Gordon Drummond between the British and the Huron, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, Tuscarora, Tutulie, and Delaware nations.

James, Lieutenant Colonel. Speech to Indian Council. September 14, 1815. Vol. 16, (1890): 269-273.

James lies to the Indians about British losses at New Orleans, Erie, and Niagra. He denounces Napoleon Bonaparte as a murderer and a thief, and tells them about the Battle of Waterloo. He also thanks them for not selling their land to the US and assures them that the British do not want it.

James, R. "Proceedings of a Council." June 19, 1816. Vol. 16, (1890): 471-473.

Huron, Ojibwe, Odawa, Potawatomi , Shawnee, Kickapoo, and Muncie nations angry at the British for various broken promises from the War of 1812, especially their promises that the US would be defeated.

McKay, William. Speech to Council. June 29-30-1816. Vol. 16, (1890): 479-487.

Sioux, Winnebago, Menominee, Odawa, and Ojibwe at Drummond Island council. British attempting to reassure them that they would protect them against US plans to build forts in violation of the Treaty of Ghent. Includes responses by Wabasha (Sioux), Kewimen (?), and Karahmannie (Winnebago).

McDonall to ?, August 7, 1816. Vol. 16, (1890): 508-512.

Informs unknown person addressed as "Your Exellency" about June council at Drummond Island and of US attempts to build forts at Green Bay and Prairie du Chien. Also, that the Indians are angry at the British that their traders are not being allowed in western lands.

Evans, Lieutenant Colonel. "Minutes of Council Held at Amherstburg." October 16, 1818. Vol. 16: (1890).

Council held between John Askin, superintendant of Indian Affairs, and seventeen Ojibwe chiefs, which are listed by name. Council concerned with the purchase of all Ojibwe land north of the Thames River. The Indians ask for five reservations and payment over fifty years, specifying that this payment will not replace the traditional gift-giving.

"Indian Speeches." June 15, 1820. Vol. 23, (1893): 101-103.

Shawnee and Huron are angry at Ironside for conspiring against Indian Agent John Askin. Includes words of Tenskwatawa, the Shawnee Prophet.

"Indian Speech at Drummond Island." June 30, 1828. Vol. 23, (1893): 144-147.

Winnebago chief Nayocantay fears that the British will ask him to go to war against the Americans again. Also discusses Indian relations with Governor Lewis Cass.

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