At the City of Detroit
in the State of Michigan
Treaty with the Chippewa of Sault Ste. Marie
Articles of agreement made and concluded at the city of
Detroit, in the State if Michigan, the second day of August, 1855,
between George W. Manypenny and Henry C. Gilbert, commissioners on the
part of the United States, and the Chippewa Indians of Sault Ste. Marie.
ARTICLE 1. The said Chippewa Indians surrender
to the United States the right of fishing at the falls of the St. Mary's
and of encampment, convenient to the fishing-ground, secured to them by
the treaty of June 16, 1820.
ARTICLE 2. The United States will appoint a
commissioner who shall, within six months after the ratification of this
treaty, personally visit and examine the said fishery and place of
encampment, and determine the value of the interest of the Indians
therein as the same originally existed. His award shall be reported to
the President, and shall be final and conclusive, and the amount awarded
shall be paid to said Indians, as annuities are paid, and shall be
received by them in full satisfaction for the right hereby surrendered: Provided,
That one third of said award shall, if the Indians desire it, be paid
to such of their half-breed relations as they may indicate.
ARTICLE 3. The United States also give to the
chief, O-shaw-waw-no, for his own use, in fee-simple, a small island in
the river St. Mary's, adjacent to the camping-ground hereby surrendered,
being the same island on which he is now encamped, and said to contain
less than half an acre: Provided, That the same has not been
heretofore otherwise appropriated or disposed of; and in such case, this
grant isto be void, and no compensation is to be claimed by said chief
or any of the Indians, parties hereto, in lieu thereof.
ARTICLE 4. This agreement shall be obligatory
and binding on the contracting parties as soon as the same shall be
ratified by the President and Senate of the United States. In testimony
whereof, the said George W. Manypenny and the said Henry C. Gilbert,
commissioners as aforesaid, and the undersigned chiefs and headmen of
the Chippewa Indians of Sault Ste. Marie, have hereto set their hands
and seals at the city of Detroit the day and year first above written.