At the Missionary Establishments upon the St. Joseph, a
Treaty with the Potowatomi, ...
Articles of a treaty made and concluded at
the Missionary Establishments upon the St. Joseph, of Lake Michigan, in
the Territory of Michigan, this 20th day of September, in the year of
our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, between Lewis Cass
and Pierre M,nard, commissioners, on the part of the United States, and
the Potowatami tribe of Indians.
ARTICLE 1st. The Potowatami tribe of
Indians cede to the United States the tract of land included within the
1st. Beginning at the mouth of the St. Joseph, of Lake
Michigan, and thence running up the said river to a point on the same
river, half way between La-vache-qui-pisse and Macousin village: thence
in a direct line, to the 19th mile tree, on the northern boundary line
of the State Indiana; thence, with the same, west, to Lake Michigan; and
thence, with the shore of the said Lake, to the place of beginning.
2. Beginning at a point on the line run in 1817, due east
from the southern extreme of Lake Michigan, which point is due south
from the head of the most easterly branch of the Kankekee river, and
from that point running south ten miles; thence, in a direct line, to
the northeast corner of Flatbelly's reservation; thence, to the
northwest corner of the reservation at Seek's village; thence, with the
lines of the said reservation, and of former cessions, to the line
between the States of Indiana and Ohio; thence, with the same to the
former described line, running due east from the southern extreme of
Lake Michigan; and thence, with the said line, to the place of
ART. 2. In consideration of the cessions
aforesaid, there shall be paid to the said tribe an additional permanent
annuity of two thousand dollars; and also an additional annuity of one
thousand dollars, for the term of twenty years; goods, to the value of
thirty thousand dollars shall be given to the said tribe, either
immediately after signing this treaty, or as soon thereafter as they can
be procured; an additional sum of ten thousand dollars, in goods and
another of five thousand dollars, in specie, shall be paid to them in
the year 1829.
The sum of seven thousand five hundred
dollars shall be expended for the said tribe, under the direction of the
President of the United States, in clearing and fencing land, erecting
houses, purchasing domestic animals and farming utensils, and in the
support of labourers to work for them.
Two thousand pounds of tobacco, fifteen
hundred weight of iron and three hundred and fifty pounds of steel,
shall be annually delivered to them.
One thousand dollars per annum shall be
applied for the purposes of education, as long as Congress may think the
appropriation may be useful.
One hundred dollars, in goods, shall be
annually paid to To-pen-I-be-the, principal chief of the said tribe,
during his natural life. The blacksmith, stipulated by the treaty of
Chicago to be provided for the term of fifteen years, shall be
permanently supported by the United States.
Three labourers shall be provided, during
four months of the year, for ten years, to work for the band living upon
the reservation south of the St. Joseph.
ART. 3. There shall be granted to the
following persons, all of whom are Indians by descent, the tracts of
land hereafter mentioned, which shall be located upon the second cession
above described, where the President of the United States may direct,
after the country may be surveyed, and to correspond with the surveys,
provided that no location shall be made upon the Elkheart Prairie, nor
within five miles of the same; nor shall the tracts there granted be
conveyed by the grantees, without the consent of the President of the
ART. 4. The sum of ten thousand eight
hundred and ninety-five dollars shall be applied to the payments of
certain claims against the Indians, agreeably to a schedule of the said
claims hereunto annexed.
ART. 5. Circumstances rendering it probable
that the missionary establishment now located upon the St. Joseph, may
be compelled to remove west of the Mississippi, it is agreed that when
they remove, the value of their buildings and other improvements shall
be estimated, and the amount paid by the United States. But, as the
location is upon the Indian reservation, the Commissioners are unwilling
to assume the responsibility, of making this provision absolute, and
therefore its rejection is not to affect any other part of the treaty.
ART. 6. This treaty shall be obligatory, after the same has been ratified by the President and Senate of the United States.
After the signature of the Treaty, and at
the request of the Indians, it was agreed, that of the ten thousand,
dollars stipulated to be delivered in goods, in 1829, three thousand
dollars shall be delivered immediately, leaving seven thousand dollars
in goods to be delivered in 1829.
The reservation of Pe. Langlois' wife to be
located upon the north side of Eel river, between Peerish's village and
The reservation of Betsey Ducharme to be located at Louison's run.