In Chicago, a
Treaty with the Ottawa, ...
Articles of a treaty made and concluded at Chicago, in
the State of Illinois, between Lewis Cass and Solomon Sibley,
Commissioners of the United States, and the Ottawa, Chippewa, and
Pottawatamie, Nations of Indians.
ARTICLE 1. The Ottawa, Chippewa, and
Pottawatamie, Nations of Indians cede to the United States all the Land
comprehended within the following boundaries: Beginning at a point on
the south bank of the river St. Joseph of Lake Michigan, near the Parc
aux Vaches, due north from Rum's Village, and running thence south to a
line drawn due east from the southern extreme of Lake Michigan, thence
with the said line east to the Tract ceded by the Pottawatamies to the
United States by the Treaty of Fort Meigs in 1817, if the said line
should strike the said Tract, but if the said line should pass north of
the said Tract, then such line shall be continued until it strikes the
western boundary of the Tract ceded to the United States by the Treaty
of Detroit in 1807, and from the termination of the said line, following
the boundaries of former cessions, to the main branch of the Grand
River of Lake Michigan, should any of the said lines cross the said
River, but if none of the said lines should cross the said River, then
to a point due east of the source of the said main branch of the said
river, and from such point due west to the source of the said principal
branch, and from the crossing of the said River, or from the source
thereof, as the case may be, down the said River, on the north bank
thereof, to the mouth; thence following the shore of Lake Michigan to
the south bank of the said river St. Joseph, at the mouth thereof, ad
thence with the said south bank to the place of beginning.
ART. 2. From the cession aforesaid, there shall be reserved, for the use of the Indians, the following Tracts:
One tract at Mick-ke-saw-be Village, on the river Peble, of six miles square.
One tract at Mick-ke-saw-be, of six miles square.
One tract at the village of Na-to-wa-se-pe, of four miles square.
One tract at the village of Prairie Ronde, of three miles square.
One tract at the village the Match-be-barh-she-wish, at the head of the Kekalamazoo river.
ART. 3. There shall be granted by the United
States to each of the Grants to persons following persons, being all
Indians by descent, and to their heirs, the following Tracts of Land:
To John Burnet, two sections of land.
To James Burnet, Abraham Burnet, Rebecca
Burnett and Nancy Burnet, each one section of land; which said John,
James, Abraham, Rebecca, and Nancy, are children of Kaw-kee-me, sister
of Top-ni-be, principal chief of the Potwatamie nation.
The land granted to the persons immediately
preceding, shall begin on the north bank of the river St. Joseph, about
two miles from the mouth, and shall extend up and back from the said
river for quantity.
To John B. La Lime, son of Noke-no-qua,
one-half of a section of. land, adjoining the tract before granted, and
on the upper side thereof.
To Jean B. Chandonai, son of Chip-pe-wa-qua,
two sections of land, on the river St. Joseph, above and adjoining the
tract granted to J. B. La Line.
To Joseph Daze, son of Chip-pe-wa-qua, one section of land above and adjoining the tract granted to Jean B. Chandonai
To Monguago, one-half of a section of land, at Mish-she-wa-ko-kink.
To Pierre Moran or Peeresh, a Potawatamie
Chief, one section of land, and to his children two sections of land, at
the mouth of the Elkheart river.
To Pierre Le Clerc, son of Moi-qua, one
section of land on the Elkheart river, above and adjoining the tract
granted to Mora and his children.
The section of land granted by the Treatv of
St. Mary's, in 1818, to Peeresh or Perig, shall be granted to Jean B.
Cicot, son of Pe-say-quot, sister of the said Peeresh, it having been so
intended at the execution of the said Treaty.
ToMe-naw-che, a Potawatamie woman, one-half
of a section of land on the eastern bank of the St. Joseph, where the
road from Detroit to Chicano first crosses the said river.
To Theresa Chandler or To-e-ak-qui, a
Potawatamie woman, and to her daughter Betsey Fisher, one section of
land on the south side of the Grand River, opposite to the Spruce Swamp.
To Charles Beaubien and Medart Beaubien, sons
of Man-na-ben-aqu-a, each one-half of a section of land near the village
of Ke-wi-go-shkeem, on the Washtenaw river.
To Antoine Roland, son of
I-gat-pat-a-wat-a-mie-qua, one-half of a section of land adjoining and
below the tract granted to Pierre Moran.
To William Knaggs or Was-es-kuk-son, son of
Ches-qua, one-half of a section of land adjoining and below the tract
granted to Antoine Roland.
To Madeline Bertrand, wife of Joseph Bertrand,
a Potawatamie woman, one section of land at the Pare aux Vaches, on the
north side of the river St. Joseph.
To Joseph Bertrand, junior, Benjamin Bertrand,
Laurent Bertrand, Theresa Bertrand, and Amable Bertrand, children of
the said Madeline Bertrand, each one half of a section of land at the
portage of the Kankakee river.
To John Riley, son of Me-naw-cum-a-go-quoi,
one section of land, at the mouth of the river Au Foin, on the Grand
River, and extending down the said River.
To Peter Riley, the son of
Me-naw-cum-e-go-qua, one section of land, at the mouth of the river Au
Foin, on the Grand River, and extending down the said river.
To Jean B. Le Clerc, son of Moi-qua, one half o a section of land, above and adjoining the tract granted to Pierre Le Clerc.
To Joseph La Framboise, son of Shaw-we-no-qua,
one section of land upon the south side of the river St. Joseph, and
adjoining on the upper side the land ceded to the United States, which
said section is also ceded to the United States.
The Tracts of Land herein stipulated to be
granted, shall never be leased or conveyed by the grantees or their
heirs to any persons whatever, without the permission of the President
of the United States. And such tracts shall be located after the said
cession is surveyed, and in conformity with such surveys as near as may
be, and in such manner as the President may direct.
ART. 4. In consideration of the cession
aforesaid, the United States engage to pay to the Ottawa nation, one
thousand dollars in specie annually forever, and also to appropriate
annually, for the term of ten years, the sum of fifteen hundred dollars,
to be expended as the President may direct, in the support of a
Blacksmith, of a Teacher, and of a person to instruct the Ottawas in
agriculture and in the purchase of cattle and farming utensils. And the
United States also engage to pay to the Potawatamie nation five thousand
dollars in specie, annually, for the term of twenty years, and also to
appropriate annually, for the term of fifteen years, the sum of one
thousand dollars, to be expended as the President may direct, in the
support of a Blacksmith and a Teacher. And one mile square shall be
selected, under the direction of the President, on the north side of the
Grand River, and one mile square on the south side of the St. Joseph,
and within the Indian lands not ceded, upon which the blacksmiths and
teachers employed for the said tribes, respectively, shall reside.
ART. 5. The stipulation contained in the
treaty of Greenville, relative to the right of the Indians to hunt upon
the land ceded while it continues the property of the United States,
shall apply to this treaty.
ART. 6. he united States shall have the
privilege of making and using a road through the Indian country, from
Detroit and Fort Wayne, respectively, to Chicago.
ART. 7. This Treaty shall take effect and be
obligatory on the contracting parties, so soon as the same shall be
ratified by the President of the United States, by and with the advice
and consent of the Senate thereof.
In testimony whereof, the said Lewis Cass and
Solomon Sibley, commissioners as aforesaid, and the chiefs and warriors
of the said Ottawa, Chippewa, and Pattiwatima nations, have hereunto set
their hands, at Chicago aforesaid, this 29th day of August, in the year
of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one.
[After the customary signatures the following words are appended]
The tract reserved at the village of
Match-e-be-nash-she-wish, at the head of the Ke-kal-i-ma-zoo river, was
by agreement to be three miles square. The extent of the reservation was