At Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan Terriroty
Articles of a Treaty (1820)
Made and concluded at the Sault de St. Marie, in the
Territory of Michigan, between the United States, by their Commissioner
Lewis Cass, and the Chippeway tribe of Indians.
ART. 1. The Chippeway tribe of Indians cede to
the United States the fillowing tract of land: Beginning at the Big
Rock, in the river St. Mary's, on the boundary line between the United
States and the British Province of Upper Canada; and running thence,
down the said river, with the middle thereof, to the Little Rapid; and,
from those points, running back from the said river, so as to include
sixteen square miles of land.
ART. 2. The Chippeway tribe of Indians
acknowledge to have received a quantity of goods in full satisfaction of
the preceding cession.
ART. 3. The United States will secure to the
Indians a perpetual right of fishing at the falls of St. Mary's, and
also a place of encampment upon the tract hereby ceded, convenient to
the fishing ground, which place shall not interfere with the defences of
any military work which may be erected, nor with any private rights.
ART. 4. This treaty, after the same shall be
ratified by the President of the United States, and by the advice and
consent of the Senate thereof, shall be obligatory on the contracting
In witness whereof, the said Lewis Cass,
Commissioner as aforesaid, and the Chiefs and Warriors of the said
Chippeway tribe of Indians, have hereunto set their hands,at the place
aforesaid, this sixteenth day of June, in the year of our Lord one
thousand eight hundred and twenty.