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Native American Treaty Signers in the Great Lakes Region

​​​From February 23 through July 16, 2004 the exhibit galleries of the Clarke Library will explore the world of Native American leaders from the Great Lakes area who signed treaties with the federal government during the 1820s.  

Caw-Taa-Waa-Be-Ta (Snaggled Tooth)

The negotiators who represented the American Republic often held deeply stereotypical views about the Native Americans they negotiated with which echoed through much of the nineteenth and twentieth century literature about Indians.   The tribal representatives who attended these sessions, however, had long experience dealing with the "Great Father" in Washington as well as with other Europeans.   They were often accomplished diplomats who, if in the 1820s had a difficult hand to play, nevertheless played it with skill.

This web version of the exhibit includes two highlights of Native American Treaty Signers.   The first are the images of 22 Native American leaders drawn in the 1820s by J. O. Lewis and published by Lewis in full color between 1835 and 1836.   Also included on this web page is the essay about these leaders which was originally published in the catalog that accompanied the exhibit.