Key Terms

​Dating Violencemeans violence by a person who had been in a romantic or intimate relationship with the Complainant. Whether there was such relationship will be gauged by the length, type, and frequency of interaction.

Domestic Violence or Intimate Partner Violencemeans a felony or misdemeanor crime of violence committed by a current or former spouse or intimate partner of the Complainant, by person with whom the Complainant shares a child in common, by a person who is cohabitating with or has cohabitated with the Complainant as a spouse, by a person similarly situated to a spouse of the Complainant under the domestic or family violence laws of the applicable jurisdiction, or by any other person against a Complainant who is protected from the person's acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the applicable jurisdiction.

Sexual Assaultmeans touching of a sexual nature without consent, including, but not limited to, any of the following acts:

  • Penetration, no matter how slight, of a person's vagina or anus with any body part or object without the Complainant's consent;
  • Penetration, no matter how slight, of a person's mouth by another person's sex organ without the Complainant's consent;
  • Intentional touching, without the Complainant's consent, of a person's intimate body parts, or any materials, such as clothing, covering the immediate area of a person's intimate body parts, including, but not limited to that person's breasts, buttocks, groin, or mouth, for the purposes of sexual arousal or gratification, a sexual purpose, or in a sexual manner for revenge, to inflict humiliation, or out of anger;
  • Sexual intercourse between people where the sexual intercourse would constitute incest under the applicable jurisdiction's law; or
  • Sexual intercourse with a Complainant who is under the statutory age of consent.

Sexual Exploitationmeans conduct involving a person taking, or attempting to take, non-consensual or abusive sexual advantage of a Complainant when such conduct would not otherwise be defined as sexual harassment or sexual assault including, but not limited to, prostitution, sexual voyeurism, or taking pictures of a sexual nature without the Complainant's consent or exceeding the boundaries of that consent.

Sexual Harassmentmeans nonconsensual sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, or other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature where:

  • Submission to such conduct is made either explicitly or implicitly a condition of a Complainant's employment or academic standing;
  • Submission to or rejection of such conduct is used as the basis for employment decisions or for academic evaluation, grades, or advancement; or
  • Such conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with a Complainant's work or academic, housing, or participation in CMU activities.

Sexual Misconductmeans unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature committed without consent or by force, intimidation, coercion, or manipulation.

Stalkingmeans a course of conduct directed at a specific Complainant that would cause a reasonable person to fear for that person's own or someone else's safety, or to suffer substantial emotional distress. Substantial emotional distress means significant mental suffering or anguish that may, but does not necessarily, require medical or other professional treatment or counseling.

Incapacitationmeans a person lacks the ability for self-care or to understand the nature of the person's conduct. ​