Arts and Crafts

Michigan’s Native Americans have worked to maintain their traditional arts and crafts, even though various government and educational systems were designed to destroy their culture.





Adney, Edwin Tappan and Howard I Chapelle.  The Bark Canoes and Skin Boats of North America.  Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1964.

Construction techniques for these boats.

Artists North: Historical Checklists of Artists, Craftsmen, Photographers 1850-1950. n.p. Necessary Press, 1978.

Artists of Antrim, Charlevoix and Emmet counties, including Native Americans.​

Barth, Georg J. Native American Beadwork: Traditional Beading Techniques for the Modern-Day Beadworker. Stevens Point, WI: R. Schneider, 1993.

Techniques and patterns.

Beads: Their Uses by Upper Great Lakes Indians: An Exhibition Produced by the Grand Rapids Public Museum and the Cranbrook Academy of Art. Grand Rapids, MI: The Museum, 1977.

An exhibition catalog.

Beadwork and Textiles of the Ottawa. Harbor Springs, MI: Harbor Springs Historical Commission, 1984.

An exhibition catalog.

Benz, Charmaine M. and Marsha MacDowell. E’Aawiyaang (Who We Are). Mt. Pleasant, MI: Ziibiwing Cultural Center, 1999.

Showcases the work of tribal artists. Includes profile of the artist and representation of their work.

Black, Julia. Dream Catchers: Myths and History. Buffalo, NY: Firefly Books, 1999.

The Ojibway dreamcatcher.

Browner, Tara. Heartbeat of the People: Music and Dance of the Northern Powwow.
Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2002.

In depth discussion of the powwows roots and traditions, protocols, and order of events. Browner also describes footwork, styles of singing and the diversity of the participants’ regalia.

Burton, Frederick R. American Primitive Music, With Special Attention to the Songs of the Ojibways. NY: Moffat, Yard, 1909.

Burton has included twenty-eight Ojibway songs, harmonized and printed with English words.

Conway, Thor. Painted Dreams: Native American Rock Art. Minocqua, MN: Northwood, 1993.

The art work of the Great Lakes area is included.

Cooke, Sarah E and Rachel B. Ramadhyan. Indians and a Changing Frontier: The Art of George Winter. Indianapolis, IN: Indiana Historical Society, 1998.

A catalog of the George Winter collection. Winter documented the Potawatomie in northern Indiana just before Removal.

Cosentine, Andrew. The Paintings of Charles Bird King (1785-1862). Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1977.

Includes what is left of King’s Native American paintings.

Densmore, Francis. “Chippewa Music.” Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, 1910, 1913. Washington, GPO, 1910, 1913. 2 volumes.

The purpose of the work is to determine what constitutes the music of the Chippewa Indians, and to record results in such a manner that they were be available for reference.

Densmore, Francis. The Collection of Water-Color Drawings of the North American Indian by Seth Eastman in the James Jerome Hill Reference Library, Saint Paul. St. Paul, MN: James Jerome Hill Reference Library, 1954.

Paintings are not included. Title and explanation of each painting in the collection.

Densmore, Francis. Indian Action Songs: A Collection of Descriptive Songs of the Chippewa Indians, with Directions for Pantominic Representation in Schools and Community Assemblies. Boston, MA: C.C. Birchard, 1921.

Words, music and introductin to each song.

Detroit Institute of Arts. Native American Art. Detroit, MI: Detroit Institute of Arts, 1980.

Some items from the Institute’s collection, with explanations.

Dewdney, Selwyn and Kenneth E. Kidd. Indian Rock Paintings of the Great Lakes. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1967.

Indian rock paintings in northern Ontario and Minnesota.

Eastman, Mary H. The American Aboriginal Portfolio. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Grambo, 1853.

Seth Eastman illustrations.

Evers, John C. Editor. Indian Art in Pipestone: George Catlin’s Portfolio in the British Museum. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1979.

Includes Ojibwa pipes.

Fletcher, Alice C. Indian Games and Dances with Native Songs Arranged from American Indian Ceremonies and Sports. Boston: C.C. Birchard, 1917.

The adaptions from Indian ceremonies and sports here offered will enable those who take part in them to follow in happy mood some of the paths of expression that were opened long ago by thoughtful men and women as thy lived, worked and played on this land.

Flint Institute of Arts. The Art of the Great Lakes Indians. Flint, MI: The Institute, 1973.

Traces the art of the Great Lakes tribes after the period of contact into the 20th century. Based on an exhibit at the Flint Institute of Arts.

Gidmark, David. Birchbark Canoe: Living among the Algonquin. Willowdale, Ont: Firefly Books, 1997.

The story of the building of a traditional birchbark canoe and Gidmark’s apprenticeship learning the skills and the language of the Algonquin of western Ontario.

Gidmark, David. Building a Birch Bark Canoe: The Algonquin Wabanaki Teiman. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1994.

Gidmark reviews the early history of bark canoes, provides and overview of construction methods, and then features techniques of four traditional 20th century craftsmen. Profusely illustrated.

Glubok, Shirley. The Art of the Woodland Indian. NY: McMillan, 1976.

Focuses on objects created by northeastern and Great Lakes Indians.

Harrison, Julia. “ ‘He Heard Something Laugh’: Otter Imagery in the Medewiwin.” In Great Lakes Indian Art edited by David W. Penney. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1989. 82-92.

"The otter as used in the midewiwin was one attempt to structure and retail the ideology of the Ojibwa ancestors in order to confirm the continued existence of this Native American people.”

Holt, Richard T., Darrel J. Richards and Mark Papworth. The Sanilac Petroglyphs. Bloomfield Hills, MI: Cranbrook Institute of Science, 1958.

The booklet attempts to record what is known of the site.

Holmes, W. H. " Aboriginal Pottery of the Eastern United States." Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, 1898-1899. Washington, DC: GPO, 1-237.

"Professor Holmes's description of the American ware, with its critical analysis of types and interpretations of motives, would seem to afford the foundation for the history of the potter's art."

Horan, James D. McKenney-Hall Portrait Gallery of American Indians. NY: Crown, 1972. reprint.

Includes portraits of several Chippewa: Weshcubb, Metakoosega, Shingaba W'Ossin, Ohyawamince kee, Peechekin, Waatopenot, Jackopa, Ongewae, Pashenine, No-Tin, Katawabeda, Wabishkeepenas or White Pigeon, Waemboeshkaa, Okeemakeequid, Caatousee, Anacamegishea, Tshusick, Chippewa squaw and child, Chippewa widow, Chippewa mother and child. Potawatomis include: Metea, Wabaunsee. The Ottawa Kanapima is included.

Hothem, Lar. American Indian Axes and Related Artifacts. Paducah, KY: Collector Books, 1996.

Collector's price guide.

Hothem, Lar. Indian Artifacts of the Midwest. Paducah, KY: Collector Books, 1997.

Identification and value guide.

Hothem, Lar. North American Indian Artifacts: A Collector's Identification and Value Guide. Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 1998.

Intended as a guide to many kinds of artifacts in a variety of value ranges.

Hunt, David. Editor. Native American Wild Game, Fish and Wild Foods Cookbook. Lancaster, PA: Fox Chapel Publishing, 1997.

Recipes for North American native cooks arranged by region.

In Harmony With the Earth: A Visual Documentary of Upper Michigan Chippewa/Potawattomi Arts and Crafts Past and Present.​ Marquette, MI: Marquette County Historical Society, 1982.

An exhibit catalog illustrating painting, drawing, beadwork, woodcraft, baskets and quillwork.

Jesse Besser Museum. Pioneer and Indian Basketry: From the Collections of the Jesse Besser Museum: An Exhibit May 18, 1980-July 20, 1980. Alpena, MI: The Museum, 1980.

Exhibition catalog.

Johnson, Eastman. Lake Superior Indians. Afton, MN: Johnston Publishing, 1983.

Thirty six oil paintings and charcoal drawings depicting Ojibwe Indian life at Grand Portage. Provides a unique insight into the character of Ojibwe life at the mid point of the nineteenth century.

Johnston, Basil. Ojibway Heritage. Lincoln,NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1976.

Johnston introduces the Ojibwa people's ceremonies, rituals, songs, dances, prayers and legends.

The Journals and Indian Paintings of George Winter, 1837-1839. Indianapolis, IN: Indiana Historical Society, 1948.

Winter worked in Indiana and did this work first hand among the Miami and Potawatomi just before they were removed and sent west of the Mississippi.

Justice, Noel D. and Suzanne K. Kudlaty. Field Guide to Projectile Points of the Midwest. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2001.

Designed for use as a field reference.

Kanuda, Alan R. Hands Across Michigan: Tradition Bearers. Detroit, MI: Detroit Free Press, 1998.

Several Native American traditional artists are included: Bucko Teeple, storyteller of Sault Ste. Marie; Harriet Shedawin, Black Ash basket maker, Chippewa; Charlie Parish, fisherman; Sarah Turkey, Black Ash basket maker; Donald Naganashe, quill box maker; Catherine Baldwin, quill box maker; Frank Ettawageshik, potter; Edith Bondie, Black Ash basket maker; Elwood Henry, wood carver; Edmund Whitepigeon and Julie Wesaw, Black Ash basket makers; Eli Thomas and Don Stevens, Tribal Elders.

Kane, Paul. Paul Kane Sketch Pad. Toronto: Charles S. Musson, 1969.

Fascimile of the sketch pad made when Kane visited the upper Great Lakes in 1845. The original sketch pad is in the Royal Ontario Museum.

Kent, Timothy J. Birchbark Canoes of the Fur Trade. Ossineke, MI: Silver Fox Enterprises, 1947. 2 volumes.

Voyaging canoes played a crucial role in the economic, political, military, and missionary affairs of North America over a span of several centuries. These two books bring together information about those canoes.

Kinietz, Vernon. John Mix Stanley and his Indian Paintings. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1942.

Stanley painted Native Americans who visited the nation's capital.

Kurath, Gertrude P. Michigan Indian Festivals. Ann Arbor, MI: Ann Arbor Publishers, 1966.

Twenty years of observation and study produced this book on the Indians of Michigan, their ritualism, way of life, dances, and music.

Laubin, Reginald and Gladys Laubin. American Indian Archery. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980.

The authors attempt to give a true picture of the ancient art of archery as practiced by the original Americans.

Lips, Julius E. The Savage Hits Back. New Hyde Park, NY: University Books, 1966.

Collection of paintings and sculptures of white people by non-white artists. Includes Chippewa artists.

Lund, Duane R. Early Native American Recipes and Remedies. Cambridge, MN: Adventure Publications, 1989.

Based on historical research of Midwest and Canadian Indian tribes and Alaskan and Canadian Eskimos and Aleuts.

Lurie, Nancy Oestreich. "Beaded Twined Bags of the Great Lakes Indians." Great Lakes Indian Art edited by David W. Penney. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press. 70-80

Three aspects of the production of beaded bags are clear: their geographic spread, temporal span, and physical size.

Lyford, Carrie A. Ojibwa Crafts. Washington, DC: Department of the Interior, 1953.

Information about various crafts with instructions and patterns.

McClurken, James M. "Crafts of Survival: The Materials of Ottawa, Ojibway, and Potawatomi Culture." 1987 Festival of Michigan Folklife. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Museum, 1987. 43-48.

The Native American heritage of technology and crafts.

McDermott, John Francis. Seth Eastman, Pictorial Historian of the Indians. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1961.

Eastman was at Fort Snelling for seven years and some of his subjects were Chippewa.

MacDowell, Marsha. Editor. Anishnaabek Artists of Little Traverse Bay. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Museum, 1996.

Essays about the art plus profiles of the artists and their work.

MacDowell, Marsha. Editor. Gatherings: Great Lakes Native Basket and Box Makers. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Museum, 1999.

Exhibit catalog.

MacDowell, Marsha and Janice Reed. Editors. Sisters of the Great Lakes: Art of American Indian Women. Okemos, MI: Nokomis Learning Center, 1995.

Catalog of an exhibit which visibly addresses the complexities of being Indian in the modern world. Includes a profile of each artist with representation of her work.

McNally, Michael David. Ojibwa Singers: Evangelical Hymns and a Native Culture in Motion. Dissertation. Harvard University, 1996.

This thesis uses hymn singing as a sharply focused lens to view the broader cultural processes by which Native American people have creatively drawn on the resources of ritual to negotiate identity, survival, and vision within the structures of colonialism.

McNally, Michael D. Ojibwa Singers: Hymns, Grief, and a Native Culture in Motion. NY: Oxford University Press, 2000.

McNally shows how the Ojibwe people took missionary Christianity and remade it in their own religious idiom through the ritualized singing of missionary hymns.

Mallery, Garrick. "Pictographs of the North American Indians - A Preliminary Paper." Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution Washington, DC: GPO, 1886. 7-256; 1893. 25-807.

In these two volumes Mallery explains the characteristics of pictographs, classifies them, and offers suggestions for the collection, description, and study of specimens. Many examples from throughout North America.

Mason, Otis Tufton. Indian Basketry: Studies in a Textile Art Without Machinery. NY: Doubleday, Page, 1904. 2 volumes.

Basket making throughout the United States with many illustrations.

Maurer, Evan M. "Representational and Symbolic Forms in Great Lakes Area Wooden Sculpture." In Great Lakes Indian Art edited by David W. Penney. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press. 22-38.

The wooden bowls of the Chandler/Pohrt constitute a major resource for the study of Native American art from the Great Lakes region.

Meeker, James E., Joan E. Elias and John A. Heim. Plants Used by the Great Lakes Ojibwa. Odanah, WI: Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission, 1993.

This book contains a variety of information on 384 species of plants used by the Great Lakes Ojibwa.

Miles, Charles. Indian and Eskimo Artifacts of North America. Chicago, IL: Henry Regnery, 1963.

Includes eastern woodlands Indians. Many photographs.

Nabokov, Peter and Robert Easton. Native American Architecture. NY: Oxford University Press, 1989.

The architecture is presented by region with many illustrations.

Ojibway Music from Minnesota. St. Paul,MN: Minnesota Historical Society, 1988.

Audio cassette.

Of Pride and Spirit: North American Indian Art From a Private Collection in Hawaii. Honolulu, HA: Honolulu Academy of Arts, 1981.

An exhibition catalog which includes Great Lakes Indian art.

Ottawa Quillwork on Birchbark. Harbor Springs, MI: Harbor Springs Historical Commission, 1983.

An historical exhibition of Ottawa quillwork on birchbark executed between 1830 and 1983. The exhibit was assembled from collectors around the country and Europe. This is the exhibit catalog.

Penney, David W. "Great Lakes Indian Art: An Introduction." In Great Lakes Indian Art edited by David W. Penney. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press, 1989. 8-20.

Penney presents a background for the art and presents information about the collection of the Detroit Institute of Art.

Penney, David W. and Janet Stouffer. "Horse Imagery in Native American Art." In Great Lakes Indian Art edited by David W. Penney. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press, 1989. 40-50.

Horse images proliferated on objects made and used men. On these objects, equine imagery functioned to reinforce and recall male cultural values.

Peschel, Margaret M. Amerind Eating. Detroit, MI: Dairy Council of Detroit, 1956.

Original recipes with their modern counterpart.

Peterek, Josephine. Encyclopedia of American Indian Costume. NY: W.W. Norton, 1994.

Costume by region and tribe. Information about men's basic dress, women's basic dress, footwear, outerwear, hair styles, head gear, accessories, jewelry, armor, garment decoration, face and body embellishment, transitional dress. The information covers from non-European dress to early transition to European costume, the 16th to early 20th century, depending on the group.

Peterson, Harold L. American Indian Tomahawkes. Museum of the American Indian, 1965.

The metal trade tomahawk has long been an object of fascination for both amateur collectors and ethnologists. In this one instrument is collected the lore of handicraft, warfare, prestige, ceremony and personal comfort.

Phillips, Ruth Bliss. "Dreams and Designs: Iconographic Problems in Great Lakes Twined Bags." In Great Lakes Indian Art edited by David W. Penney. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press, 1989. 52-68.

Twined bags were made for a wide variety of purposes, from the hulling of corn to the storage of food, clothing, and sacred medicines.

Phillips, Ruth B. Patterns of Power: The Jasper Grant Collection and Great Lakes Indian Art of the Nineteenth Century. Kleinburg, Ontario: McMichael Canadian Collection, 1984.

Based on an exhibition of Great Lakes Indian artifacts housed in the Natural Museum of Ireland. These artifacts were collected by Jasper Grant, a British officer and are typical of what an 18th century European collector would want.

Pohrt, Richard A. "Pipe Tomahawks from Michigan and the Great Lakes Area." In Great Lakes Indian Art edited by David W. Penney. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press, 1989. 94-103.

A history of the pipe tomahawk.

Rajnovich, Grace. Reading Rock Art: Interpreting the Indian Rock Paintings of the Canadian Shield. Toronto, Ontario: Natural Heritage, 1994.

Rock paintings are an astonishing legacy of the first nations of the Shield both in their antiquity and their ability to elicit a sense of wonder.

Shilling, Arthur. The Ojibway Dream. Montreal, Quebec: Tundra Books, 1986.

A collection of 21 paintings by Shilling, a Canadian Ojibwa who died in 1986.

Silvertson, Howard. Tales of the Old North Shore: Paintings and Companion Stories by Howard Silvertson. Duluth, MN: Lake Superior Port Cities, 1996.

Stories and paintings include Native Americans.

Sinclair, Lister and Jack Pollack. The Art of Norval Morrisseau. Toronto: Metheun, 1979.

Morrisseau is one of Canada's foremost artists and the acknowledged founder of the Woodland Indian School of Artists.

Stanley, John Mix. Portraits of American Indians, With Sketches of Scenery, etc, Painted by J. M. Stanley, deposited with the Smithsonian Institution. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1852.

Description of portraits only. Potawatomies in Missouri: Wa-Bon-She, Op-Te-Gee-Sheek, Na-Swa-Ga. Otawa: Shab-A-Nee. Chippewa: Saush-Bux-Cum.

Vennum, Thomas. The Ojibwa Dance Drum: Its History and Construction. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1952.

A Smithsonian Folklife study.

Vennum, Thomas. Ojibwa Music From Minnesota: A Century of Song for Voice and Drum. St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Historical Library Press, 1989.

Vennum interprets the music historically and culturally.

Viola, Herman J. The Indian Legacy of Charles Bird King. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1976.

Indian portraits done by King.

Weston, Donald E. The Indian Rock Art Tradition in Michigan. Lansing, MI: Michigan Department of State, 1975.

A four page pamphlet on the subject.

Wiigwaasijiimann; The Birch Bark Canoe. Bemidji, MN: Bemidji State University, 1979.

A video recording, in Ojibwa with subtitles, of the actual making of a canoe. The video was done for the Saginaw Chippewa Indian tribe.


Chippewa Craft Guild. Vertical File-Native Americans


Anderson, Marcia G. and Kathy L Hussey-Armtson. "Ojibway Beadwork Traditions in the Ayer Collections." Minnesota History 48 (Winter 1982): 153-157.

The Ayer collection has examples of beadwork which are discussed and illustrated in this article.

"Art of the American Indian Frontier: The Chandler-Pohrt Collection." Michigan History 78 (May/June 1994: 10-17.

The striking combination of color, design and material of the Detroit Institute of Arts Chandler-Pohrt collection of Native American art reveal the bold innovation and spirited indomitability of America's Indian cultures.

Beardslee, Lois. "Lies to Live By." Traverse Northern Michigan's Magazine 23 (November 2003): 52-55.

Excerpts from Native American storyteller Lois Beardslee's new book.

"Birch Bark Canoe Builder: William Hafeman Perpetuates a Nearly Lost Art." Minnesota History 43 (Winter 1972): 142-145.

In pictures Mr. Hafeman builds a canoe, showing many of the processes starting with selecting a tree and ending with the finished product.

Chandler, Milford. "Great Lakes Indians: Art and Culture." Dearborn Historian 14 (Spring 1974): 47-58; 14 (Summer 1974): 89-98; 14 (Autumn 1974): 129-140.

A survey of various arts and cultural practices.

Clark, Janet. "Woodland Art." Lake Superior Magazine (April/May 2001): 20-23.

An honored and colorful style of Canadian art was spawned near the shores off Lake Superior.

Classen, Mikel B. "Art of the Shamans." Above the Bridge 12 (Spring 1996): 28-30.

Rock art in the Lake Superior basin.

Classen, Mikel B. "Native American Museum." Above the Bridge 11 (Spring 1995): 26-27.

Information about the Native American Museum in St. Ignace.

Collins, Audrey. "Area Native-American Receives White House Acclaim." Traverse The Magazine 16 (December 1981): 27.

Agnes Shenanaquet is a master of Indian quill work. She was invited to teach her quill work at the 15th Festival of American Folklife in Washington, D.C.

Cook, Mrs. William R. "A Michigan Indian Project." Michigan History 27 (Summer 1943): 492-499.

A history of the Michigan Indian Art and Craft Project which was started in 1938.

Croft, Kenneth. "Graphic Mechanisms of Communication in Native North America." Indiana Magazine of History 45 (December 1949): 339-352.

Croft explains Indian picture writing.

Culkin, William E. "Tribal Dance of the Ojibway Indians." Minnesota History Bulletin 1 (August 1915): 83-93.

Description of a dance at the Bois Fort Indian Reservation in northern Minnesota.

Dyer-Deckrow, Patricia. "Crafted with Good Intentions." Michigan History 80 (January/February 1996): 10-16.

Designed to help Michigan Indians support themselves during the Great Depression, the Michigan Indian Handicraft Project never dealt with the needs of the people it sought to help.

Edwards, Elizabeth T. "An Ancestral Art." Traverse Northern Michigan's Magazine 12 (July 1992): 44-48.

From her home in Peshwbestown Ottawa Indian Catherine Baldwin creates intricate quill boxes that carry on her heritage.

"Flag-based Indian Art Exhibition Scheduled." Indian Talk 3 (March/April 1976): 19-21.

American Indian art based upon the use of the design of the American flag and other patriotic symbols exhibition at the Flint Institute of Arts.

Hagley, Douglas A. "Craved in Stone." Michigan Natural Resources Magazine 56 (July/August 1987): 18-23.

The Sanilac Petroglyph site is a special place, full of mystery and wonder - a window on the vast and little understood prehistoric cultural heritage of Michigan.

Hagley, Doug. "Indian Art in Michigan." Ann Arbor Scene (March/April 1958): 8-13.

Paintings at Burnt Bluff and carvings in Sanilac County.

Hays, Donald R. "The Sanilac Petroglyphs." Detroit Historical Society Bulletin 26 (January 1970): 4-9.

Michigan's only known aboriginal Indian rock carvings.

Jones, Volney H. "Notes on the Manufacture of Cedar-Bark Mats by the Chippewa Indians." Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters 32 (1946): 341-364.

Manufacturing techniques.

Jones, Volney H. "Notes on the Preparation and Uses of Basswood Fiber by the Indians of the Great Lakes Region." Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters 22 (1936): 1-14.

Basswood fiber was used for cordage, thongs, and weaving material.

Jones, Volney H. "Some Chippewa and Ottawa Uses of Sweet Grass." Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters 21 (1935): 21-32.

Details of uses which were observed by Jones.

Joseph, Terri M. "Transformation of Pattern: From Nature to Cloth." Northeast Indian Quarterly 7 (Winter 1990): 41-46.

This article suggests that the floral design pattern of the Great Lakes Indians are aboriginal and were developed in times before non-Indian contact.

Kinietz, Vernon and Volney H. Jones. "Notes on the Manufacture of Rush Mats Among the Chippewa." Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters 27 (1941): 525-537. (Fitting Mss Box 6)

Describes how the Chippewa made rush mats.

Lanford, Benson L. "Great Lakes Woven Beadwork: An Introduction." American Indian Art Magazine 11 (Summer 1986): 62-67,75.

Presents an overview of woven beadwork of the Great Lakes region, focusing in particular on small, complex geometric woven beadwork motifs and their possible antecedents in other art forms.

Leechman, Douglas. "The Uses of Birch Bark." The Beaver (June 1943): 30-33.

This article shows a variety of uses including a wigwam, medicine drawing, box, cup, and tray.

Lessard, F. Dennis. "Great Lakes Indian 'Loom' Beadwork." American Indian Art Magazine 11 (Summer 1986): 54-61,68-69.

Analyzes and illustrates a number of the techniques used to produce Great Lakes woven beadwork, shedding some light on the differences in very similar looking techniques.

Mikkelsen, Leatrice. "The Ancient Art of Quillwork." Indian Historian 2 (Summer 1969): 30-34.

The quill of the porcupine was used by Natives of America long before beadwork came into existence. This article explains the techniques and materials used.

Newcomb, Patrick. "Designing a Future for Anishinabeg Art." Traverse Northern Michigan's Magazine 7 (July 1987): 81-85.

After extensive research in the local Indian culture, Cherrie Routhier became an expert on picture art. She is now marketing this unique art from on greeting cards and wrapping paper.

Papworth, Mark. "The Sanilac County Rock Carvings." Michigan Archaeologist 3 (December 1957): 83-87.

An examination of the petroglyphs and the surrounding area.

Pattee, Lynus R. "Birch Bark Canoe." The Beaver (June 1942): 24-27.

Pictures and explanations showing the building of a birch bark canoe.

Petersen, Eugene T. "Michigan's Mysterious Rock Painting." Ford Times (July 1960): 6-7. (Fitting Mss Box 7)

Information about prehistoric painting at Burnt Bluff in the Upper Peninsula.

"Petroglyphs to be Preserved in New Michigan State Park." Michigan Out-Of-Doors 24 (June 1971): 10.

A 640 acre area in Sanilac County will become the site of the Sanilac Petroglyphs Historic State Park. The area contains the only known Indian petroglyphs in Michigan.

Phillips, Ruth B. "Abstract Floral Patterns: Moccasins into Slippers: Continued Traditions and Transformations in Woodland Indian Textiles." Northeast Indian Quarterly 7 (Winter 1990): 26-36.

Woodlands Indian hats, bags, and shoes in tradition and transformation.

Pohrt, Richard A. "Nineteenth Century Michigan Chippewa Costume: Photographs of David Shoppenagons." American Indian Art Magazine 11 (Summer 1986): 44-54.

Thanks to the many surviving photographs of David Shoppenagons, we have a good visual record of mid-nineteenth century Michigan Chippewa costume.

Saart, Margaret. "Ferdy Goode and the Birch Bark Revival." Michigan Sportsman 7 (September/October 1982): 36-38.

Goode builds Ojibway style birch bark canoes.

"The Sanilac Petroglyphs: Report of the Sanilac Petroglyphs Committee." Michigan Archaeologist 15 (December 1969): 93-99.

The Sanilac petroglyphs are the only aboriginal art carvings known in Michigan and preserving them is a primary concern of the Michigan Archaeological Society.

Schafer, James R. "Stone Sculptor Produces Works of Harmony." Mt. Pleasant Magazine (April 2002): 10-13.

Daniel Mena, Jr is a Chippewa sculptor.

Stecher, Naseem. "Tribal Artist Preserves Heritage." Mt. Pleasant Magazine (October 1996): 14-15.

The art of Perry Bailey.

Strawer, Patsy. " 'First People' Pool Artwork, Preserve Traditions." Eberley's Michigan Journal (March/April 1983): 8-9.

The Anishinabe Indians now have a means for cooperatively marketing their arts and crafts through a venture centered in Genesee County.

Tate, Elda. "The Native American Flute: A Contemporary View." Harlow's Wooden Man 34 (Summer 1998): 3-5+.

Studying music from the perspective gained through a single instrument can provide understanding of a culture.

Tatum, R. N. "The Relation of Michigan's Petroglyphs to Others in the United States." Totem Pole 18 (December 2, 1946): 1-3.

A brief survey of what is known about petroglyphs.

Vennum, Thomas Jr. "Constructing the Ojibwa Dance Drum." Wisconsin Archeology 54 (December 1973): 162-174.

A step by step description of the construction of an Ojibwa dance drum show how the craftsman, with modern tools and materials, continues to follow traditional Indian methods in building his instrument.

Wadsworth, Beula Mary. "A Vanishing Art of the Chippewas." Michigan History 21 (Winter 1937): 69-88.

Quill work with illustrations.

Wagner, Jerry. "Indian Art and Artifacts." Wilderness Chronicle 11 (Spring 1987): 25-26.

Examples of art and artifacts created in Michigan.

Walsh, Martin W. "The Native American Sketches of Henry Hamilton." Michigan History 81 (May/June 1997): 20-27.

Hamilton's 1770s sketches, made in Detroit where he was a British officer.

Wawro, Michael. "From Sticks, Roots, Bark and Gum." Michigan Natural Resources Magazine 51 (March/April 1982): 56-65.

Wawro is a modern canoe builder who seeks out and helps preserve an ancient Indian craft.

Weston, Donald. "Michigan Rock Art." Michigan Archaeologist 21 (March 1975): 41-61.

A review of known and purported petroglyph sites in Michigan.

Whiteford, Andrew Hunter. "The Origins of Great Lakes Beaded Bandolier Bags.​" American Indian Art Magazine 11 (Summer 1986): 32-43.

Four beaded bags and how they fit into the history of Great Lakes beadwork