The use of Native American names and tribes as mascots for sports and schools is covered here.


Eckert, Richard Clark. "Wennebojo Meets the Mascot: A Trickster's View of the Central Michigan University Mascot/Logo 64-81.​" In Team Spirits: The Native American Mascots Controversy edited by C. Richard King and Charles Fruehling Springwood. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 2001


"Canadian Alliance Says Sports Team Names/Mascots Dehumanize Aboriginal People." News From Indian Country 9 (Mid November 1995): 8A

The Canadian Alliance in Solidarity with Native Peoples is joining with the American Indian Movement in speaking out on the continued dehumanization of Indigenous people in sports and the media.

Golen, Gimmy. "Indian Mascots: Logos, Mascots and Nicknames Come Under Fire Across Nation."  News From Indian Country​ 5 (Mid November 1991): 1-2, 9-12.

A variety of articles about the use of Indians as mascots of sports teams.

Hill, Jerry L. "American Indian Mascot and Logo Concerns." News From Indian Country​ 5 (Late September 1991): 21.

The issue and the harm it does in Wisconsin school where 90 high schools use Indian names and/or images to depict their sports teams.

"Indians Deserve Some Respect in Portrayal of Heritage."  News From Indian Country​ 4 (Late December 1990): 7.

Why do Americans tolerate racist Native American symbols for consumerism?

Pewewardy, Cornel. "Why Teachers Can't Ignore Indian Mascots."  News From Indian Country​ 12 (Late September 1998): 16A.

"As someone who has spent his entire adult life teaching and administering elementary schools for Indigenous children, I see that the way Indian mascots are used today is about 'dysconscious racism' and a form of cultural violence."

Pewewardy,Cornel. "Native American Mascots: Continuing the Struggle of unlearning 'indian' Stereotypes."  News From Indian Country​ 5 (mid October 1991):20.

There are no simple answers to this issue, however, communication is the first step toward discussing the Indian mascot issue among representative communities.

Spector, Mordecai. "Cleveland Indians: Chief Wahoo's Tribe?" News From Indian Country​ 7 (Mid July 1993): 3-4.

Any attempt to extol the positive, vibrant aspects of cultural diversity comes smack against the spectacle of pro sports franchises appropriating Native American people as props for their multi-million dollar entertainments.

"Student Wants School Mascot Name Changed, (Highland, Michigan.)"  News From Indian Country​ 11 (Mid November 1971): 7A.

An American Indian student at Mitford High School is campaigning to have the name of her school's mascot, the Redskins – changed.

Trahant, Mark N. "Commentary on Mascots: The Cleveland Canaries?"  News From Indian Country​ 9 (Mid November 1995): 18A.


Tupahache, Asiba. "Commentary on Mascots: Racism and the World Series."  News From Indian Country​ 9 (Mid November 1995): 18A


Wilkins, David E. "Of 'Tigers,' 'Redskins,' 'Braves,' Ad Nauseam." News From Indian Country​ 11 (Late May 1997): 20A.

Commentary on mascots.