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Department Chairperson



Hajime Otani has been at Central Michigan University since 1989, the year he received his Ph.D. in Experimental Psychology from the University of Georgia.

Otani, H. & Schwartz, B. L. (2019). Handbook of research methods in human memory. New York: Routledge.

Otani, H., Schwartz, B. L., & Knoll, A. R. (2019). History of methods in memory science: From Ebbinghaus to fMRI. In H. Otani & B. L. Schwartz (Eds.), Handbook of research methods in human memory (pp. 1-18). New York: Routledge.

Otani, H., Libkuman, T. M., Knoll, A. R., & Hensley, C. J. (2019). Methods for studying the emotion-memory relationship. In H. Otani & B. L. Schwartz (Eds.), Handbook of research methods in human memory (pp. 154-177). New York: Routledge.

Senkova, O., Otani, H., Skeel, R. L., & Babcock, R. L. (2018). Testing effect: A further examination of open-book and closed-book test formats. Journal of Effective Teaching in Higher Education1, 20-36.

Hensley, C. J., Otani, H., & Knoll, A. R. (2018). Reducing negative emotional memories by retroactive interference. Cognition and Emotion, 1-15. Early view.

Cho, Y., Otani, H., Han​, K., & Vanhorn, K. R. (in press). Cultural differences in asymmetric beliefs of interpersonal knowledge in vertical and horizontal relationships. Journal of General Psychology.

Oh-Lee, J. D & Otani, H.  (in press). Metamemory and Parkinson’s disease.  In B. L. Schwartz & A. Brown (Eds.) Tip of the tongue states and related phenomena. Cambridge University Press.

Senkova, O., & Otani, H.  (2012).  Category clustering calculator for free recall.  Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 8, 292-295.

Otani, H., Von Glahn, N. R., Goernert, P. N., Migita, M., & Widner, Jr, R. L. (2009). Hypermnesia, reminiscence, and repeated testing. Applied Memory (pp. 89-108). New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Otani, H., Kato, K., Von Glahn, N. R., Nelson, M. E., Widner, R. L., Jr., & Goernert, P. N. (2008). Hypermnesia: A further examination of age differences between young and older adults. British Journal of Psychology, 99265-278.

Goernert, P. N., Widner, R. L., Jr., & Otani, H. (2007). Classification accuracy across multiple tests following item-method directed forgetting.  Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 601178-1186.

Swan, L., Otani, H., & Loubert, P. V. (2007). Reducing postural sway by manipulating difficulty levels of a cognitive task and a balance task. Gait and Posture, 26470-474.

Libkuman, T. M., Otani, H., Kern, R. P., Viger, S. G., & Novak, N. (2007). Multidimensional normative ratings for the International Affective Picture System.  Behavior Research Methods, 39326-334.

Otani, H., Libkuman, T. M., Widner, R. L. Jr., & Graves, E. I. (2007). Memory for emotionally arousing stimuli: A comparison of young and older adults. Journal of General Psychology, 134, 23-42.

Goernert, P. N., Widner, R. L., Jr., & Otani, H. (2006). Segregation accuracy in item-method directed forgetting across multiple tests. British Journal of Psychology, 97, 245-258.

Kern, R. P., Libkuman, T. M., Otani, H., & Holmes, K. (2005). Emotional stimuli, divided attention, and memory. Emotion5, 408-417.

Widner, R. L., Jr., Otani, H., & Winkelman, S. E. (2005). Tip-of-the-tongue experiences are not merely strong feeling-of-knowing experiences. (Special Issue) Journal of General Psychology132, 392-407.

Otani, H., & Widner, R. L., Jr. (2005). Metacognition:New issues and approaches – Guest editor’s introduction. (Special Issue) Journal of General Psychology, 132, 329-334.

Dr. Otani has been investigating basic processes of human memory and cognition. In particular, he has been interested in basic mechanisms of encoding and retrieval. To investigate the mechanisms, he has been examining various memory phenomena, such as hypermnesia, word frequency effects, feeling of knowing, and prospective memory, and how these phenomena are affected by various encoding methods. Recently, he has also developed an interest in cognitive aging. He plans to test older adults to find out how basic cognitive mechanisms change as one ages. He is also examining how basic processes of memory and cognition are affected by neuro-degenerative diseases such as Huntington's and Alzheimer's diseases.