Integrating Instructional Technology
Instructional technology can be leveraged in a number of ways in any class format, ranging from general classroom administration activities to learner-focused activities design to increase engagement. In thinking about when and how to implement instructional technology, we find the following models to be useful:
- Two levels of adoption may enhance teaching/learning:
- Substitution – Tech. is a substitute, with no functional change (e.g., writing on computer vs. writing on paper).
- Augmentation – Tech. is a substitute, with functional enhancement (e.g., embedded spell check and thesaurus options while writing).
- Two levels of adoption may
- Modification – Tech. allows for task redesign (e.g., collaborative features for peer editing/sharing while writing).
- Redefinition – Tech. allows for new tasks, previously inconceivable (e.g., broad collaboration/sharing such as global classroom writing project).
TPACK (Mishra & Koehler, 2006) is often represented by a Venn diagram illustrating the multiple ways content knowledge, pedagogy, and technology can intersect. Mishra and Koehler describe the “sweet spot” of these intersections as TPACK, where educators have mastery of the affordances and constraints of technology, various teaching methods, and their content disciplines, understanding and applying the synergies between the models and tools that work well to maximize learning within those contexts.
Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy
- Create – Produce new, original work.
- Evaluate – Justify a stance/decision.
- Analyze – Draw connections amongst ideas.
- Apply – Use the information in new situations.
- Understand – Explain ideas or concepts.
- Remember – Recall facts and basic concepts.
- Blackboard – A learning management system available for use with all courses.
- Chipcast/Panopto – A user-friendly video recording, editing, and hosting platform
available for use by educators and learners.
- Lockdown Browsers and Monitoring Software - A lockdown browser (LDB) is software that encourages academic integrity in online assessment. It “locks down” a learner’s computer so the device can only access a specific website, typically a learning management
system. A monitor is software that records learners and their environment during online assessments to simulate a proctored exam.
- Office 365 – A Microsoft cloud suite of applications allowing for creation
and storage of typical office suite creations such as documents, spreadsheets, presentations, etc. with the capacity for online sharing and collaborative editing of these items.
- Respondus Lockdown Browser/Monitor - Blackboard features that can lock a learner's
browser down and/or video/audio record a learner during an online test.
- SafeAssign – A Blackboard feature that can compare a learner's submitted work
to that in an institutional repository and other databases to flag the originality of work.
- TopHat – A class response system tool that is available for a small license fee to educators and learners. Though its primary function is for formative assessment polling or quizzing in real-time with learners, it does offer other features such as access to open educational resources.
- WebEx – A synchronous collaboration platform with recording and
options for hosting live, online sessions. Educators can configure this in a way where they can facilitate sessions or where they can create sessions that learners can facilitate for group work.
- CMU’s Knowledge Base - A repository of “how-to” articles related to technology supported by CMU.
- Examples from U-M of Faculty Using Instructional Technology
- Agile Learning - Blog on teaching and technology from Derek Bruff, Director of the Vanderbilt University Center
for Teaching and Principal Senior Lecturer in the Vanderbilt Department of Mathematics